Tomatoes (solanum lycopersicum) are of different varieties. They can be red, yellow, pink, orange, green, black, purple or brown. Tomatoes are native to the region of Mexico,Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, and Chile. Tomatoes are grown in several countries of the world. They’re relatively easy to cultivate and grow very quickly making them a great food source. Whether a tomato is classified as a fruit or vegetable depends on whom you ask. A botanist would tell you that tomato is a fruit as well as berry because it develop from a single fertilized ovary. In 1886, a tax law suit with a tomato importer in the United States Supreme Court rule that tomatoes are vegetables.
However, tomatoes are loaded with vitamin A, B, C, K, folate, and thiamine. They’re good source of potassium, chromium, iron, calcium, copper, magnesium, manganese and phosphorus. They have high water content, dietary fiber, and protein. Tomatoes are low in calories. They’re good sources of phytonutrients especially carotenoid such as lycopene that gives tomatoes their red color.
Tomatoes Health Benefits
- PREVENTION OF CANCERS: Tomatoes are in lycopene that reduce your chances of stomach cancer, colorectal cancer, prostrate cancer, lung cancer and stomach cancers.
- SKIN CARE: Daily consumption of tomato juice can protect your skin against ultra violet-induced erythema. Tomatoes may aid in maintaining skin, hair, bones, and teeth.
- EYE HEALTH: Tomato contain vitamin A as well as beta carotene that aid in the improvement of vision and prevention of night blindness and macular degeneration.
- DIGESTION: Tomato is packed with dietary fiber that stimulate peristaltic motion in the smooth digestive muscles and may release gastric and digestive juices that can regulate your bowel movement. Hence, improving your overall digestive health and protecting you against digestive problems.
- HEALTHY AND STRONG BONES: Tomatoes are loaded with large amount of both vitamin A and calcium. They strengthen and does minor repairs on bone including bone tissues. It also contains lycopene that enhance bone health and prevent osteoporosis.
- KIDNEY STONES: Adding of tomatoes without seeds in your diet reduces risks of kidney stones.
- HEART HEALTH: Tomatoes are packed with calcium, potassium and magnesium that are effective in lowering blood pressure and vitamin B that reduces blood cholesterol and prevent atherosclerosis, stroke and heart attacks.
- RICH IN ANTIOXIDANTS: Tomatoes are rich in vitamins and phytonutrients as well as lycopene that is another type of antioxidant. The antioxidant can neutralize harmful free radicals in the blood that can cause cell damage. The free radicals in the blood that can cause cell damage. The more redder your tomato is, the more beta carotene it contains.
WHAT YOU MUST KNOW BEFORE EATING TOMATOES
Like many fruits and vegetables with edibles skins, tomatoes are often covered with pesticides. Tomato leaves shouldn’t be eaten because they contain higher concentrations of alkaloids. If tomato is eaten in reasonable quantity, it have no severe side effects. If you consume too much tomatoes daily, you may have problems from having too much lycopene or potassium. Eating more than 30 mg of lycopene a day could potentially cause nausea, diarrhea, indigestion and bloating.
Also, people with severe hyperkalemia or excess potassium in their blood should talk to their doctors about the right amount they can consume. Hyperkalemia can result in irregular heartbeats and other cardiovascular problems and reduced muscle control. People with pollen grain allergies can be more prone to suffering from an allergic reaction after eating tomatoes. The symptoms may include: itching, edema, or a scratchy throat.