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You can do a lot to take care of yourself and give your body what it needs. Still as you get older your body changes in ways you can’t always control. For most men, one of those changes is that the prostrate get bigger. It is a natural part of aging process but at some point, it can lead to condition known as BPH or benign prostatic hyperplasia.

Your prostrate surrounds part of your urethra, the tube that carries urine and semen out of your penis. When you have BPH or benign prostatic hyperplasia your prostrate is lagger than usual which squeezes the urethra. This can cause your pee stream to be weak, waking you up a lot at night to go to the bathroom. It could result in other bothersome urinary symptoms. When you suffers from BPH, your prostrate is larger than usual. The large prostrate can squeeze the urethra. A man prostrate begin to enlarge when he reaches the age of 40 and prostrate enlargement may be the most health problem in men older than 60 years of age.

In this article we shall be examining the causes, signs or symptoms, risk factors, complications, diets (foods to eat and the foods to avoid) and treatment for those suffering from enlarged prostrate.

CAUSES OF ENLARGED PROSTRATE

The prostrate gland is located beneath your bladder. The tube which transports urine from the bladder out of your penis (urethra) passes through the center of the prostrate. When the prostrate enlarges, it begins to block the flow of urine. Most men have continued prostrate growth throughout their life. In several men, this continued growth enlarges the prostrate enough to cause urinary symptoms or to significantly block urine flow. It is not clear what causes the prostrate to enlarge. However, it might be due to changes in the balance of sex hormones as men grow older.

SIGNS OR SYMPTOMS OF ENLARGED PROSTRATE

The severity of symptoms in people who have prostrate gland enlargement varies but symptoms tend to gradually worsen over time. Common signs and symptoms of BPH are:

  1. Frequent or urgent need to urinate.
  2. Increased frequency of urination at night (nocturia).
  3. Difficulty in starting urination.
  4. Weak urine stream or a stream that stops and starts.
  5. Dribbling at the end of urination.
  6. In ability to completely empty the bladder.

LESS COMMON SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS ARE:

The size of your prostrate does not necessarily determine the severity of your symptoms. Some men with only slightly enlarged prostrate can have significant symptoms while other men with very enlarged prostrate can have only minor urinary symptoms. In some men, symptoms eventually stabilize and might even improve over time.

OTHER POSSIBLE CAUSES OF URINARY SYMPTOMS

Condition that can lead to symptoms similar to those caused by enlarged prostrate are:

  1. Urinary tract infection.
  2. Inflammation of the prostrate (prostatitis).
  3. Narrowing of the urethra (urethral stricture).
  4. Scarring in the bladder neck due to previous surgery.
  5. Bladder or kidney stone.
  6. Problems with nerves that control the bladder.
  7. Cancer of the prostrate or bladder.

Enlarged Prostrate Treatment

If you’re having urinary problems, discuss them with your doctor. Even if you do not find urinary symptoms bothersome. It is important to identify or rule out any underlying causes. Untreated urinary problems might result in urinary tract obstruction. If you’re unable to pass any urine, seek immediate medical attention by consulting your urologist.

WHO IS MORE LIKELY TO DEVELOP ENLARGED PROSTRATE?

Men with the following factors are more likely to develop benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH):

(A) Age 40 years and above.

(B) Have family history of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

(C) Lack of physical exercise.

(D) Erectile dysfunction.

(E) Medical conditions such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, heart and circulatory disease.

COMPLICATIONS OF ENLARGED PROSTRATE

The complications of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) may include:

  • Acute urinary retention.
  • Bladder damage.
  • Kidney damage.
  • Urinary tract infections (UTI’s).
  • Bladder stones.
  • Chronic or long lasting, urinary retention.
  • Blood in the urine.

Most men with an enlarged prostrate do not develop this complications. However, acute urinary retention and kidney damage can be serious health threats. Having an enlarged prostrate is not believed to increase your risk of developing prostrate cancer.

ENLARGED PROSTRATE DIET

Research have shown that certain foods can increase your chances of been heal from enlarged prostrate and maintain healthy prostrate due to their impact on testosterone and other hormones. They’re:

1) OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS: Foods that are rich in omega-3 fatty acids prevent and reduce inflammation within the body. They also boost prostrate health. Good sources are: cold water fishes 🐟 such as: trout, sardines, tuna, wild salmon, anchovies and other wild caught fish.

2) NUTS: contains healthy fats that help to lower your cholesterol and promotes the health of your brain. They contains vital nutrients like vitamin E, selenium, zinc, and calcium. Example of nuts that are good for men are: walnuts, almonds, Brazil nut, and pecans.

3) CITRUS FRUITS AND BERRIES: Citrus fruits (limes, grapes fruits, oranges and lemons 🍋) and berries (raspberries, blackberries and strawberries). They’re good sources of vitamin C and antioxidants that help to relieve benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) symptoms in men.

4) LYCOPENE: is an antioxidant that can be found in guava, grape fruit and tomatoes.

5) CRUCIFEROUS VEGETABLES: Such as cauliflower, bok choy, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, and cabbage contains compounds known as sulforaphane that target cancer♋ and gives room for healthy prostrate.

FOODS TO AVOID

The following foods may increases your chances of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and worsen it symptoms. They’re:

1) SPICY AND ACIDIC FOODS: Foods such as chilli, hot sauces and curries. These foods may irritate the bladder and prostrate of some men resulting in urinary symptoms associated with BPH.

2) SODIUM (SALT): Adding less salt to your meals and avoiding processed foods may reduce symptoms associated with BPH that can happen due to the intake of excess salt.

3) ALCOHOL: Stimulate production of urine in men with BPH. Avoiding alcohol will be part of solution to this problem.

4) RED MEAT: Avoid consumption of red meats, pork meat, lamb and processed meats. According to research daily consumption of red meat triple your risk of prostrate enlargement. 

5) CAFFEINE: Cutting back of coffee, chocolate, soda and tea may improve BPH symptoms. Caffeine can increases how much, how often and how urgently you have to urinate.

6) DIARY FOODS: May be an excellent source of calcium but they are high in saturated fats that impact negatively on prostrate health. Total or complete avoidance or reducing consumption of milk, cheese and butter may ease BHP symptoms.

Besides, diets the following strategies may reduce BPH symptoms that include:

  • Avoiding smoking.
  • Managing stress.
  • Incomplete emptying of bladder when urinating.
  • Doing pelvic floor muscles exercise.
  • Preventing or treating  constipation.
  • Training the bladder to hold more urine for longer periods.
  • Reducing intake of liquids especially before going out in public or before period of sleep.

How can benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) can be prevented?

Researchers have not found a way to prevent BPH. Men with risk factors for BPH should talk with a health care provider about any lower urinary tract symptoms and the need for regular prostrate exams. Men can get early treatment and minimize BPH effects by recognizing lower urinary tract symptoms and identifying an enlarged prostrate gland.

 

ENLARGED PROSTRATE TREATMENT

(1) WATER LEAF (Ipi-ape in Idoma; Efo gbure in Yoruba; Nte-oka in Igbo; Alenyruwa  in Hausa; Ebe dondon in Edo) Obtain fresh leaves of water leaf wash them with clean water. Cut the leaves in to slices including the tender part. Blend them. The green liquid which comes out, drink 200 ml of it two times a day. Consume it within 10 minutes of preparation. OR: Include slightly boiled water leaves in your diet. OR: Boil fresh water leaf root in water for 10 minutes. Drink 250 ml twice daily.

(2) STRAWBERRY: Prepare decoction of strawberry leaves. Drink 300 ml two times a day. OR: You may include strawberry fruit in your diet.

(3) PYGEUM (Ka’danya in Hausa; Osisi in Igbo; Emi, Olowomefa in Yoruba; African plum tree, Bitter almond in English) Boil the bark of this plant in water for 20 minutes. Drink 200 ml two times a day.

(4) STINGING NETTLE (Ewe esisi, Ewe esinsin in Yoruba; Agbara, Akwu in Igbo; Osokporode in Urhobo) Prepare tea infusion of stinging nettle leaves. Drink 150 ml two times a day.

(5) WATERMELON SEEDS (Kankanna in Hausa; Anyu in Igbo) Chew 2 tablespoons of watermelon seeds two times a day. OR: Boil 3 tablespoons of watermelon seeds in 300 ml water. Drink once a day.

(6) Mix 2 tablespoons of Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV) with 1 tablespoon of honey in 250 ml lukewarm water. Take it two times a day.

(7)CORNSILK: Obtain fresh corn silk🌽 and spread them in an open place away from direct sunlight🌞. When it is thoroughly dried in the shade, they will turn brown. Put a little dried corn silk in a cup of 300 ml. Boil it for 20 minutes. Strain and drink when it is cool. Drink once a day.

(8) PIGEON PEA (Olele in Benin; Fiofio in Igbo; Otili in Yoruba; Dogo wanke in Hausa) Boil the leaves in water for 10 to 15 minutes. Take 200 ml two times a day. You can add pigeon pea in your diet as well.

(10) SAW PALMETTO: Prepare tea decoction of saw palmetto fruits. Drink 200 ml once a day.

(11) Boil stinging nettle leaves, saw palmetto (trunk that has cut into pieces) and pygeum  bark in a pot fill with water. Drink 150 ml two times a day.

(12) PUMPKIN SEEDS (Famfam, fanna diwi in Kanuri; M’ frin’dise, okpo n’ Nani in Efik; fod’ d’ ere, fol’yere, huccere, waygo ore in fula-fulfulde; N’dise in Ibibio; Ukoro, U gbogu lu, Anyu, U gboghuru, Ugbo ghoro in Igbo; ukpo origo in Idoma; Apala, elegede, gboro esi, legede in Yoruba; Murr in Arabic-Shuwa; Yee in Benton; yaangu in Dera; Eyen in Edo; Beshe, Ebe in Nupe; Agbadu, furum, icegher-nyian in Tiv; Eto-Urhobo, Koko eyen in Urhobo; knuba, knugba in Gwari; kabeewaa, ruguguwa in Hausa; uti in Ijo-izon) Pumpkin seeds are used for treating painful urination that accompanied enlarged prostrate that is not cancerous. It contains diuretic properties and lot of zinc that build and repair immune system. Take 1 tablespoon of fresh pumpkin seeds. Remove the shells and eat raw once a day without adding salt. OR: Get one handful of pumpkin seeds. Remove the shell and boil in 350 ml water. Drink the water and eat the seeds. Do it once a day.

REFERENCES

https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/urologic-diseases/prostrate-problems/prostrate-enlargement-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benign_prostatic_hyoerplasia

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/benign-prostatic-hyperplasia/symptoms-causes/syc-20370087

https://www.webmd.com/men/prostrate-enlargement-bph/what-is-bph#1

https://www.medicinenet.com/benign_prostatic_hyperplasia/article.htm

 


 

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