Amenorrhea treatment vary depending on the cause. Amenorrhea is the absence of a menstrual period in a woman of reproductive age. Physiological status of amenorrhea are seen most commonly, during pregnancy and lactation (breast feeding), the latter also forming the basis of contraception called LACTATION AMENORRHEA METHOD. Outside the reproductive years, there is absence of menses during childhood and after menopause.
In the course of reading this article, these are what you’ll come across:
- Menstrual cycle.
- Types of amenorrhea.
- The causes of amenorrhea.
- Symptoms of amenorrhea and
- Amenorrhea Treatment.
Let’s take a deep dive in…
Amenorrhea: The Menstrual Cycle
Brain structures known as the hypothalamus and pituitary gland control the menstrual cycle. The hypothalamus triggers the pituitary gland to produce hormones that triggers the ovaries to produce estrogen and progesterone. These hormones make the uterus lining uterus (womb) thicker to prepare the body for pregnancy.
Nonetheless, if pregnancy does not occur hormone levels drops and the uterus lining comes away that is known as menstruation. The cycle then happen and repeat itself until menopause. Disorders of the hypothalamus, pituitary gland or ovaries can affect menstruation, resulting in AMENORRHEA.
Types of Amenorrhea
Amenorrhea is divided into:
(A) Primary Amenorrhea: that occurs when:
- Periods have not started by 14 years and there are no signs of other sexual features (such as developing breasts and pubic hair) or
- Periods have not started by 14 years, even though other sexual characteristics have developed.
(B) Secondary Amenorrhea: occurs when periods have ceased or stopped for about 3 months or more.
You don’t want to miss the next part…
Causes of Amenorrhea
(1) Primary Amenorrhea usually happens due to a genetic or anatomical abnormality. However, everything that causes secondary amenorrhea can present as primary amenorrhea.
- Miillerian agenesis – a lack of development of the vagina with or without the uterus that occurs in early development of the foetus.
- Delay of puberty.
- Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS).
- Functional hypothalamic amenorrhea.
- Congenital adrenal hyperplasia.
- Enzymes deficiencies.
- High prolactin levels as a result of pituitary tumor.
- Faulty dietary pattern.
- Too much exercise or being an elite athlete.
- Transverse vaginal septum – a birth defects that result in a wall tissue running horizontally across the vagina, blocking all or part of it.
- Imperforate hymen – a congenital disorder in which a hymen has no opening and completely obstructs the vaginal.
(2) Secondary Amenorrhea : A range of factors can affect how the hypothalamus functions cause amenorrhea including:
- Disorder of the endocrine system such as hypothyroidism.
- Drug induced.
- Too much exercise.
- Emotional stress.
- Losing weight, eating disorders and nutritional deficiencies.
- Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.
- Ovarian failure or early menopause.
- Hyperandrogenaemia – the body makes high levels of male sex hormones that can cause tumors of the ovary or adrenal gland or certain conditions present at birth.
- Hyperprolactinaemia – the body produce high levels of breast feeding hormone prolactin.
- Pregnancy (most common cause)
Now, you’re about to find out the…
Symptoms of Amenorrhea
Amenorrhea signs and symptoms are:
I. Acne and / or excess body hair growing in male pattern distribution caused by Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.
II. Symptoms of premature (premature ovarian failure) such as hot flushes, vagina dryness, poor sleep or reduced libido.
III. Short stature and lack of secondary sexual characteristics (take for instance, development of breast). If premature ovarian failure is caused by the genetic condition Turner Syndrome.
IV. Headache, visual disturbances or tiredness as a result of diseases affecting the pituitary gland.
V. Galactorrhea: Spontaneous flow of milk from the breasts caused by excessive levels of hormone called prolactin.
IF AMENORRHEA IS NOT PROPERLY TREATED IT MAY RESULT IN:
• Osteoporosis and
Don’t stop reading now because…
This write-up is not meant to be a substitute to where the service of a medical professional is urgently needed.
(1) TOMATOES: Regular consumption of fresh Tomato juice aid in the treatment of amenorrhea. Take 30 gram of fresh Tomato juice once a day. OR: 4 balls of fresh Tomatoes on an empty stomach daily for amenorrhea treatment.
(2) CELASTRUS PANICULATUS (Vambe in Tiv; Rimi in Hausa) Prepare tea decoction of Celastrus paniculatus leaves. Drink 100 ml two times a day for amenorrhea treatment.
(3) MISTLETOE (Afomo isana in Yoruba) Boil Mistletoe in water for 15 minutes. Drink 200 ml on an empty stomach in the morning and after your dinner for amenorrhea treatment.
(4) BEET ROOT JUICE: Drink 200 ml Beet root juice two times a day for amenorrhea treatment.
(5) YARROW (Itekonwa in Igbo) Prepare tea infusion of dried Yarrow leaves. Drink 100 ml once a day for amenorrhea treatment.
(6) STACHYTARPHETA JAMAICENSIS (Blue vervain in English) It stimulate menstrual flow. Boil the arial part or the roots of this plant in water. Take 200 ml twice daily.
Avoid it it during menstrual period.
(7) BIDENS BIPINNATA (Abu oloko, Aji somo biala in Yoruba; Spanish needle in English) Prepare tea infusion of this plant leaves. Drink 100 ml two times a day.
(8) FENNEL SEEDS: Soak 2 tablespoons of Fennel seeds in 300 ml cup of water overnight. Strain and drink in the morning. Do it daily for two months for amenorrhea treatment.
(9) ANGELICA SINENSIS (Dong quai in English) Boil Dong quai roots in water for 15 to 20 minutes. Drink 200 ml two times a day.
OR: Put 15 drops of Dong quai Angelica sinensis tincture in 150 ml cup of water and drink. Do it two times a day for amenorrhea treatment.
(10) UNRIPE CARICA PAPAYA (Papaya, Pawpaw in English; Ideru in Idoma, Gwanda in Hausa; Okwuru bekoe, Ojo, Okpurukwa, Okwere in Igbo;Mpuer in Tiv; Etihi-mbakara in Efik) Unripe Pawpaw contains more active enzymes than ripe papaya or pawpaw which aid in normalizing menstrual cycle. Always eat fresh unripe pawpaw fruit. You can take it in juice form for amenorrhea treatment.
Avoid it during menstruation.
(11) ANANAS COMOSUS (Abarba in Hausa; Aregede in Idoma; Pineapple in English; Mbuer u butter in Tiv; Akwu oyinbo in Igbo; Ogede oyinbo in Yoruba) Drink 250 ml of fresh Pineapple juice mix with 1 pinch of fresh Ginger juice (Jinja in Igbo and Urhobo; Chitta in Hausa; Atale in Yoruba) daily for amenorrhea treatment.
(12) FENUGREEK SEEDS (Boil 1 tablespoon of Fenugreek seeds in 300 ml water for 10 minutes. When it is cool, strain and drink when it is cool. Drink it two times in a day amenorrhea treatment.
(13) GOSSYPPIUM HERBACEUM (Cotton in English; Owu in Yoruba; Auduga in Hausa; Owu in Igede and Idoma; Ro afor in Igbo; Orur in Urhobo) Boil the roots or leaves of Cotton plant in water. Drink 200 ml once a day early in the morning on an empty stomach before breakfast.
OR: Blend fresh Cotton leaves in water. Sieve it and throw away the chaff. Drink 100 ml two times in a day.
OR: Mix 1 tablespoon of Cotton powder in hot corn or guinea corn porridge / pap thoroughly and drink. Do it daily for amenorrhea treatment.
(14) HUNTERIA UMBELLEYTA SEEDS (Osu in Edo; Eso abere in Yoruba; Osu Igwe, Mkpokiri, Otosu in Igbo) Remove the cover of dried 1 handful seeds of Hunteria umbellata seeds. Grind them in to powder. Soak it in 600 ml Coconut water (Omi agbon in Yoruba; Ruwa Kwankwar in Hausa; Ame kokodia in Urhobo; Mmri Aki beke in Igbo) for 12 hours. Add flat 2 flat CAMPHOR (Kafura pelebe in Yoruba) to preserve it. After it had been soaked for 12 hours, mix it thoroughly. Take 2 tablespoons two times a day.
(15) BAMBUSA ARUNDINAECEA (Bamboo in English; Okpo in Urhobo; Apala, Apaye, Oparun in Yoruba; Efu ochi acho, Efu otsi acho in Idoma; Otosi in Igbo; Kewe, Kewal in Fufulde; Songough in Tiv) Prepare tea infusion of Bamboo leaves. Drink 250 ml two times in a day.
(16) NEWBOULDIA LEAVIS (Resurrection plant, Fertility plant in English; Ogirisi, Ogilisi in Igbo; Ogiriki in Urhobo; Ikhimi in Edo; Dinbere cinamile in Nupe; Itomo in Ibibio; Akoko in Yoruba) Put 1 tablespoon of Resurrection plant BARK powder in hot corn/guinea corn porridge or pap. Mix them together thoroughly. Drink on an empty stomach before 15 minutes breakfast and 15 minutes after dinner for amenorrhea treatment.
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