Common Cold treatments is target at relieving it signs and symptoms. Common is also known as Cold. Common cold is a viral infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract that basically affects the nose. Common cold can also be referred to as: viral rhinitis, acute viral nasopharyngitis, acute coryza, head cold, upper respiratory tract infection (URTI).
These write up focuses on: how cold spreads, causes, symptoms, complications, risk factors, prevention and common cold treatments.
Now, let’s take a deep dive in…
How Do Common Cold Spread?
Generally, a person becomes contagious from a few days before their symptoms start until all of their symptoms have gone. This means many people will be infectious for around two weeks. You contract the virus from an infectious person by:
(a) Touching object or surface contaminated by infected droplets and then touching your mouth, nose or eyes.
(b) Touching the skin of someone who has the infected droplets on their skin and then touching your mouth, nose or eyes.
(c) Inhaling tiny droplets of fluid that contains the cold virus – that are launched into the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes.
Common cold quickly spread among groups of people in close contact such as day care facilities, families and children in school. They are also more common during winter, although it is not clear exactly why?
What Causes Common Cold?
The common cold can be caused by more than 200 different viruses. Around 50% of colds are caused by rhinoviruses, other cold – causing viruses include:
(I) Human parainfluenza virus.
(II) Human metapneumo virus.
(III) Corona viruses
(IV) Adeno virus.
(V) Human respiratory syncytial virus
(VI) Entero viruses
Again, when a virus manages to overpower the body’s immune system, infection occurs. The first line of defence is mucus that is produced in the nose and throat by the mucus glands. This mucus traps anything inhaled such as: dust, viruses and bacteria. Mucus is a slippery fluid that the membranes of the nose, mouth, throat and vagina produce.
You don’t want to miss the next part…
What Are The Symptoms of Common Cold?
Signs and symptoms of common cold usually begin 2 or 3 days after infection and last 2 to 14 days. The symptoms of common cold are body’s reaction to the cold virus. It triggers the release of chemicals, making the blood vessels leak, causing the mucous glands to work harder. The most common symptom are:
- Dry throat.
- Sore throat.
- Mild fever.
- Hoarse voice.
- Blocked nose.
- Mild headache.
- Muscle aches.
- Pink eye.
- Extreme exhaustion.
- Reduction in appetite.
- High temperature.
- Loss of taste and smell and
- Pressure in your ears and face.
And of course, some people do not suffer any symptoms when infected with cold virus, perhaps because their immune system reacts differently to the virus. Sometimes bacteria can infect the ears or sinuses during this viral infection that is known as secondary bacteria infection.
What May Happen If Common Cold is Not Properly Treated?
Being infected with common cold can lead to:
- Acute bronchitis.
- Acute bacteria sinusitis.
- Chronic obstructive plumonary disease (COPD).
- Asthma attacks.
- Strep throat.
- Otitis media (middle ear infection) and
What Are The Risk Factors?
Older adults are more at risk of catching a cold. Some people are more prone to the common cold than others including:
(a) Children under six.
(b) Older adults.
(c) Individuals with weak immune systems.
Anybody who has been around infected individuals is also at risk. Take for instance, on an airplane or at school people are more prone to colds in fall and winter or harmattan season but they can occur at any time of the year.
How Do You Prevent Common Cold?
A person with a cold can start spreading it from a few days before their symptoms begin until the symptoms have finished. The best ways to avoid catching cold are:
(I) Washing your hands with soap and warm water .
(II) Staying fit and healthy.
(III) Not sharing towels or household items such as cups with someone who has a cold.
(IV) Not touching your eyes or nose in case you have come in contact with the virus because it can infect the body this way.
(V) Keep surfaces in your home clean especially in the kitchen or bathroom.
(VI) If you have no tissue or use handkerchief.
(VII) Cough into the inside (crook) of your elbow rather than your hands.
(VIII) Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables that are rich in VITAMIN to strengthen your immune system.
(IX) When sneezing or coughing make sure, it is done into tissue. Throw the tissue away carefully after use and wash your hands and
(X) Avoid close contact with someone infected with a cold.
This article of common cold treatments is not meant to be a substitute to where the service of a medical professional is urgently needed.
Common Cold Treatments
(1) BLACK PEPPER (Uziza, Uzize in Igbo; Ata iyere in Yoruba; Masooroo in Hausa) It help to stimulate circulation and mucous flow. When Black Pepper is combine with honey the effect is enhanced as honey is a natural suppressant. This makes effective for the treatment of common cold. Put half teaspoon of Black Pepper in 250 ml hot water. Allow it to boil for 5 minutes. After that add 2 tablespoons of Honey (Dorawa in Hausa; Zmanu in Igbo; Oyin igan Oyin gidi in Yoruba). Mix them together. Strain and drink when it is lukewarm. Do it three times a day for common cold treatments.
(2) LEMON (Baba lemu in Hausa; Osan ganyin in Yoruba; Itie akpaenfi in Urhobo; Oroma nkirisi in Igbo) Add 3 tablespoons of Lemon juice to 200 ml lukewarm and drink. Drink three times a day for common cold treatments.
(3) OREGANO ESSENTIAL OIL: Blend 3 tablespoons of Oregano Essential Oil with 1 tablespoon of either coconut oil or Olive oil. Apply it to over your hands, chest and soles of your feet in the morning and at night before bed time for common cold treatments.
(4) ANANAS COMOSUS (Pineapple in English; Ogede oyinbo in Yoruba; Akwu oyinbo in Igbo; Mbuer u butter in Tiv; Aregede in Idoma; Abarba in Hausa; Edin ebo in Edo) Pineapple is rich in Vitamin C and bromrlain that aid in the prevention and treatment of respiratory illnesses while eliminating phlegm and mucus from the body. Include Pineapple in your diet for common cold treatments.
(5) GUAVA (Gwaaba in Hausa; Gorofa in Yoruba; Gova in Igbo; Igobe in Urhobo) Boil the leaves of Guava in water. Drink 250 ml of the tea infusion when it is lukewarm. Do it three times a day. OR: Eat 2 to 3 Guava fruits without seeds three times a day and drink water upon it for common cold treatments.
(6) TEA TREE ESSENTIAL OIL: Contains anti viral, antiseptic and antimicrobial properties that help to get rid of cold and flu. Blend 3 to 4 tablespoons with either Coconut oil or Olive oil. Apply it on your chest, hands and the soles of your feet for common cold treatments.
(7) YARROW (Itekonwa in Igbo) Prepare tea infusion of Yarrow leaves. Drink 150 ml three times a day for common cold treatments.
(8) MOMORDICA CHARANTIA (Bitter gourd, Balsam pear in English; Udjiro in Urhobo; Iliaha in Igala; Akban ndene, Okwunuolo in Igbo; Garahanu in Mbula; Dadagoo in Kanuri; Ndakdi in Dera; Hanshinaship in Goemai; Igole Aja, Akara aje Ejirin wewe, Ejirin nla in Yoruba; Daddagu in Hausa) Take 200 ml of Momordica Charantia lukewarm tea decoction two times a day.
OR: Take 1 teaspoon of Momordica Charantia leaf juice two times a day for common cold treatments.
(9) GINGER (Atale in Yoruba; Chitta in Hausa; Jinja in Igbo, Efik and Urhobo) Put half teaspoon of Ginger in 250 ml cup of hot water. Boil it for some minutes. Strain and drink when it is lukewarm. Do it two times a day.
OR: Chew 2 slices of Ginger and drink lukewarm water upon it. Do it two times a day for common cold treatments.
(10) OCIMUM GRATISSIMUM (Scent leaf, Basil leaf in English; Ufuo yibo in Urhobo; Kunguleko in Tiv; Ayeneba in Idoma; Doddoya in Hausa; Ewe Effinrin tutu in Yoruba; Arigbe, Nchuanwu in Igbo; Ira in Urhobo; Aromogbo, Esewon in Edo) Prepare tea infusion of 15 fresh Scent leaves in 250 ml water. Strain and drink when it is lukewarm after your meals. Do it twice daily for common cold treatments.
(11) ACHYRANTHES ASPERA (Prickly chaff flower, Snake tail in English; Eemo agbo, Aboro in Yoruba; Odu du, Ngwale, Nli atu lu in Igbo; Kebbe jawle, Kurre pallandi, Mbagga in Fula-Fulfulde; Wek nawuhi in Gwari; Okpo-udo-k-mbieet in Efik; Hakoorin maciijii, Kaimin kadan garee, Ki ban k’ adangara in Hausa; Irie in Urhobo) Prepare tea infusion of ACHYRANTHES ASPERA leaves and flowers. Drink 250 ml of the lukewarm tea infusion two times a day for common cold treatments.
(12) RED ONION (Alubosa onisu in Yoruba; Albasa in Hausa; Yabasi in Igbo; Alubarha in Edo) Mix half tablespoon of crushed Onion paste with a pinch of Cayenne pepper (Ata ijosin, Afriremon Ilufemi, ijeye in Yoruba; Barkono in Hausa; Apoko eeke in Idoma; Ose oyinbo in Igbo; Ugbapa in Tiv) and 1 tablespoon of Organic Pure Honey (Iyio in Tiv; Enwu in Idoma; Oyin igan, Oyin gidi in Yoruba; Zmanu in Igbo; Dorawa in Hausa) Take 2 or 3 times a day for common cold treatments.
(13) After grinding the items mentioned below together :
• Lime juice
• Organic Pure Honey
• Garcinia Cola (Bitter Cola in English; Orogbo in Yoruba; Edun in Bini; Efari in Efik; Efiat in Ibibio; Akilu, Aki Inu, Ugolo in Igbo; Okan in Ijaw; Namijin goro; Cida goro, Adi in Hausa) and
Mix them together.
Take half tablespoon 4 times a day for common cold treatments.
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