Ibrahim Babangida Regime Part Three examines:
- The G – 34 members that signed away June 12 Presidential election.
- The heroes of June 12, 1993 Presidential election revalidation
- Some important things that happened during the Ibrahim Babangida Regime and
- How Ibrahim Babangida was pressured before he stepped down.
Ibrahim Babangida Regime: G – 34 MEMBERS THAT SEALED THE FAITH OF JUNE 12, 1993 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION
The Tripartite Committee that signed away “June 12” 1993 Presidential Election victory are The Military junta, Social Democratic Party (SDP) and National Republican Convention (NRC) members. They unanimously agreed to form an InterimNationalGovernment(ING). They include:
1. Augustus A. Ahikomu
2. Lt. Gen. Joshua N. Dongoyaro
3. Lt. Gen. Aliyu Muhammed Gusau
4. Brigadier John Shagaya
5. Brigadier Anthony Ukpo
6. Brigadier David Mark
7. Ernest A. Shonekan (Who later became the Interim National Government (ING) head.
8. Alhaji sule Lamido
9. Alhaji Adamu Ciroma
10. Mr. Patrick Dele Cole
11. Alhaji Abba Murtala Muhammed
12. Chief Tony Anenih
13. Alhaji Abdulrahman Okene
14. Maj. Gen. (rtd.) Shehu Musa Yar’Adua
15. Chief Jim Nwobodo
16. Chief Dapo Sarumi
17. Alhaji Abubakar Rimi
18. Okechukwu Odunze
19. Dr. Hamid Kusamotu
20. Arc. Tom Ikimi
21. Okey Uzoho
22. Theo Nkire
23. Professor Eyo Ita
24. Dr. Bawa Salka
25. Alhaji Y. Anka
26. Alba Murtala
27. Alhaji Muktari A. Muhammed
28. Alhaji Ramalan
29. Joseph Toba
30. John Nwodo
31. Mr. Amos Idakula
32. Bola Afonja
33. Alhaji Halilu Maina
34. Alhaji Bashir Dalhatu
This will takes us to…
Ibrahim Babangida Regime: The Champions or Heroes of June 12 Presidential Election Revalidation
They are eminent Nigerians from different walks of life. The popular ones among them include: Chief Adekunle Ajasin, Chief Abraham Adesanya, Professor Bolaji Akinyemi, Lt. Gen. Alani Ipoola Akinrinade (rtd.), Chief Anthony Enahoro, Chief Ayo Adebanjo, Ayo Opadokun, Chief Cornelius Adebayo, Admiral Nduibisi Kanu.
Lt. Gen. Alani A. Akinrinade (rtd)
Others include: Olisa Agbakoba (who founded Civil Liberty Organization, CLO), Clement Nwankwo, Chima Ubani, Festus Iyayi, Shehu Sani (a civil right activist from Kaduna State, who later became a senator), Col. (rtd.) Umar Abukar Dangiwa (he was forced to resigned his commission by General Sani Abacha), Bagauda Kaltho (The New / Tempo journalist that was murdered in Kaduna State), Muhammed Adamu that was detained for 12 months by Major Hamza Al – Mustapha), Alhaji Bukar Zarma (the Premier newspaper publisher), Dr. Alex Ibru, Mrs. Kudirat Abiola, Chief Alfred Rewane, Joe Igbokwe and S.M.O. Aka, among others.
This write-up won’t be complete without analyzing some events that happened during General Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida regime.
Want to know them?
Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida (also known as IBB) forcefully removed Major General Muhammadu Buhari to return Nigeria to civilian rule, solve the challenges of nation building and turn Nigeria into a cohesive, functional and viable polity. To achieve the mentioned aims and objectives. IBB established a political transition programme.
General Babangida totally wiped out the middle class existence in Nigeria. This was possible as a result of the destruction of the Naira. How did he, did it? He did this by fiat in 1985 when the Naira exchange rate was devalued from about #2 to #18 to an American Dollar. By the time, he was pressured to step down on August 26, 1993. The Naira was exchanged at #60 per a Dollar. For this reason you’re very rich or very poor in Nigeria. Practically there’s nothing like middle class anymore. They exist only in the word of mouth.
Again, it didn’t took General Babangida much time before he began to reveal his secret agenda by adopting the title of “PRESIDENT” He did this as a result of his personal ambition known to him to become life president. Therefore, he kept shifting the handing over of power to democratically elected civilian government date. Thus, juggling his tradition programme by arbitrarily banning and unbanned of politicians who do not support Military Rule. Amazingly, his decision of endless political transition programme cost the government #40 billion.
For reasons known to IBB he made Nigeria joined Organization of Islamic Countries (OIC). He did this without regard to Nigeria secularism. This angered his then Deputy Head of State (Vice President) Navy Commander Ebitu Ukiwe. He immediately tendered his resignation letter and was replaced by Admiral Augustus Ahikomu.
Here’s the bottom line…
Nonetheless, General Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida regime was the first to implement a gender sensitive programme. The regime created a National Commission for Women that was later changed to Ministry of Women Affairs. He appointed several women into important positions in national institutions. Let’s take the case of Professor Grace Alele – Williams (former Vice Chancellor of University of Benin), was the first female Vice – Chancellor in Nigeria.
The IBB regime was in touch with the Geo politics of Nigeria. To put it another way, the fear of domination and marginalisation. He tried to correct the perceived structural imbalances of the the Nigerian federation by the creation of both Akwa Ibom and Katsina States on September 23, 1987. He didn’t stopped there. On August 27, 1990, he created the following states: Abia, Anambra, Delta, Jigawa, Kebbi, Kogi, Osun, Taraba, and Yobe. 200 Local Government Areas owe their existence this regime.
By similar token, the liberalization of the banking sector, together with the establishment of community bank (now micro – finance banks), privitization of telecommunication sector, licensing of private universities and airlines are of IBB achievements. Identically, Nigeria showed the world her capacity to play leadership role in Africa affairs through the establishment of the Economic Community of West Africa Monitoring Group (ECOMOG). Through ECOMOG gallant and heroic troops Nigeria assisted in the return of peace to war – torn Liberia and Sierra Leone.
Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida cancelled or annuled June 12, 1993 election that was rated by both local and international observers that monitored it as free and fair in Nigeria election history.
Given these points, General Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida Military constituecy didn’t support the June 12, 1993 Presidential election cancellation. Rather, the then Lieutenant General Sani Abacha saw this as an opportunity to act. With the support of the Nigerian Armed Forces, Sani Abacha warned, warned General Ibrahim Babangida that he will soon be on his own after the August 27, 1993 handing over of power date. In effect, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida quickly constituted and sworn in the Interim National Government (ING) that was headed by Chief Ernest Adegunle Shonekan.
In addition, this government wasn’t constitutional because it was not recognized by the Nigeria Constitution. The ING was sworn in on August 27, 1993. After the swearing in General Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida that was supposed to pulled out of the Army by Military tradition played several pranks to delay the events from 1:00 PM and 3:00 PM. It was when the Nigeria Army withdrew General Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida guards to warned him that his was up, that was when the pulling out parade was conducted.
- Adewumi James Falode, 1998 – 1993, The Military Nation Building in Nigeria. The General Ibrahim Babangida Regime, Department of History and International Studies, Faculty of Arts, University of Lagos, Nigeria.
- The Evil Candidate: General Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida / Shahara Reporters.
- Martins Oloja : The Power elite who signed away June 12 / The Guardian.
We diligently research and continuesly update our information. Please let us know if you find any error(s).