Blood sugar control is at the center of any diabetes treatment plan. Hyperglycemia is a medical term for high blood sugar. Diabetes is a metabolic disease that causes blood sugar to rise because people suffering from diabetes either do not produce enough insulin or unable to properly utilize insulin. Insulin helps glucose from blood to enter muscle, brain, and liver cells. Where it is used to generate energy. When glucose build up in the blood, the cells become starved of energy. It can cause damage to your nerves, blood vessels and leading to other serious medical conditions.
The management or treatment of diabetes is focused on the following:
- Regulating the metabolism of carbohydrates and so therefore, normal blood sugar levels.
- Regulation of sugar absorption.
- Stimulating secretion of insulin and
- Regeneration of the beta cells of pancreas.
This write-up will focus on meaning of diabetes, types, causes, symptoms, complications, diets and NATURAL TREATMENTS.
And now you’re thinking:
How will this article benefit me?
- The meaning of diabetes.
- Types of diabetes and risk factors.
- Cause of types of diabetes type I & II.
- Symptoms of type I and II diabetes.
- What each fast blood sugar level stand for.
- Importance of PANCREAS.
- How BETA CELLS functions can be improved.
- Complications that results from diabetes.
- Foods to eat and foods to avoid by diabetics people.
- How diabetes can be managed and
- NATURAL TREATMENTS.
TYPES OF DIABETES
(1) Type 1 Diabetes: It is also known as juvenile diabetes, it occurs when the body fail to produce insulin. People with type I diabetes are insulin- dependent which means they must take artificial insulin to stay alive.
(2) Type II Diabetes: Unlike people with type I diabetes, people with type II diabetes produce insulin. However, the insulin their pancreas secretes is either not enough or the body is unable recognize the insulin and use it properly. When there is not enough insulin or the insulin is not used as it should be, glucose cannot get into the body cells.
(3) Gestational Diabetes: Is triggered by pregnancy. Hormone changes during pregnancy can affect insulin’s ability to function properly. This occurs in approximately 4% of all pregnancies. Pregnant women have an increased risk of developing gestational diabetes in those who are 25 years old, above their normal body weight before pregnancy, have a family history of diabetes.
Screening for gestational diabetes is performed during pregnancy. Left untreated, gestational diabetes increases risk of complications to both the mother and her unborn child. Usually, blood glucose levels returns to normal within 6 weeks of childbirth. However, women who who have had gestational diabetes have an increased risk of developing diabetes type 2 later in life. A PREGNANT WOMAN suffering from gestational diabetes is strongly advise to see her MEDICAL DOCTOR.
(4) Pre – Diabetes : Doctors refers to some people as having pre-diabetes or borderline diabetes when blood sugar is usually in the range of 100 to 125 milligrams per deciliter (mm/dl). Normal blood sugar sit between 70 and 99 mg/dl, whereas a person with diabetes will have a fasting blood sugar higher than 126 mg/dl.
The pre diabetes level means that blood glucose is higher than usual but not so high as to constitute diabetes. People with prediabetes are however, at risk of developing type 2 diabetes, although they don’t usually experience the symptoms of full diabetes.
Risk for Prediabetes and Type 2 Diabetes
The risk factors for prediabetes and types 2 diabetes are similar; they are:
- Being overweight.
- A family history of diabetes.
- Having a high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels lower than 40 mg/dl or 50 mg/dl.
- Having history of gestational diabetes or having birth to a child with a weight of more than 9 pounds.
- A history of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS).
- Being more than 45 years of age and
- Living a sedentary lifestyle.
If a doctor discovers that a person has prediabetes, he or she will recommend that such individual makes healthful changes that can ideally stop the progression of prediabetes to type 2 diabetes. Losing weight and having a more healthful diet can help prevent the disease.
Causes of Type 1 Diabetes
The exact cause of type I diabetes is not known. What is known is that your immune system – that normally fight harmful bacteria or viruses – attacks and destroys your insulin – producing cells in the pancreas. This leaves you with little or no insulin. Instead of being moved into your cells, sugar builds up in your blood stream.
Type 1 diabetes is thought to be caused by a combination of genetic susceptibility and environmental factors, though what exactly cause those factors are still not clear. Weight is not believed to be a factor in type 1 diabetes.
Causes of Type II Diabetes
In type 2 diabetes, your cells become resistant to the action of insulin and your pancreas is unable to make enough insulin to overcome this resistance. Instead of moving into your cells where it’s needed for energy, sugar builds up in your blood stream. The cause of high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) include:
(a) Consumption of too much carbohydrates.
(b) Skip or forget to take your glucose lowering medication.
(d) Exercise less than usual.
(e) Old age.
(f) Have an infection.
(g) fatty foods and sugary foods.
Now this is important…
The symptoms of type one diabetes often happen suddenly and can be severe. They are:
- Increased thirst.
- Increased hunger (especially after eating).
- Dry mouth.
- Frequent urination
- Unexplained weight (even though you are eating and feel hungry).
- Fatigue (weak, tired feeling).
- Blurred vision.
- Laboured heavy breathing (Kussmaul respirations) and
- Loss of conciousness (not common).
The symptoms of type 2 diabetes may be similar as those mentioned above. Most often, there are no symptoms or a very gradual development of the above symptoms. Other symptoms are:
(a) Slow healing sores or cuts.
(b) Itching of the skin (usually in the vagina or groin area).
(c) Yeast infection.
(d) Recent weight gain.
(e) Numbness or tingling of hands and feet.
(g) Ants feeding on your urine when you urinate (pee) in an open place or on the ground.
(h) Going to toilet always (diarrhea).
(i) Trouble concentrating and
(j) Unexplained loss of weight.
Want to Know What Each Blood Sugar Level Stand For?
A fasting blood sugar level that is less than 100 mg/dL (5.6 mmol/L) is NORMAL. A fasting blood sugar level from 100 to 125 mg/dL (5.6 to 6.9 mmol/L) is considered PRE DIABETES. If it is 126 mg/dL (7mmol/L) or higher in two separate tests, you have DIABETES. Blood sugar levels below 70 mg/dL can indicate HYPOGLYCEMIA (low blood sugar) which can be life – threatening, if such individual doesn’t receive treatment that will aim on returning blood to safe levels.
How Important is YOUR Pancreas?
We hardly think of pancreas as a vital organ of the endocrine. Unless, it begin to cause a problem. Pancreas have two important functions. They are:
- Produce insulin for the control of blood sugar and
- Create enzymes for metabolism of fats and proteins.
Malfunction pancreas could result in various problems, of which the most common is DIABETES. Infact, pancreatitis, pancreatic cancer and trauma can all harm the BETA CELLS or make the less able to produce insulin, resulting in diabetes. If damaged pancreas is removed, diabetes will occur. YOU want to know why? It is because of the loss of beta cells.
How Do YOU Improve YOUR Beta Cells Function?
The primary function of beta cells in your pancreas is to store and release insulin. Insulin is the hormone that assist your body to utilize glucose – which is the building block of carbohydrates and your body primary energy source. When beta cells fail to function properly, your body cannot uptake glucose effectively, trapping large amounts of glucose in your blood – metabolic state known as HYPERGLYCEMIA, that is, high blood sugar.
However, visceral fat is located in your abdomen and surround your liver, stomach and intestines. VISCERAL FAT CAUSES POT BELLY which increases your chances of high blood pressure, insulin resistance, and increase your risk of chronic diseases such as heart diseases, type 2 diabetes, various cancers and Alzheimer’s disease.
Furthermore, sub – cutaneous fat have weaker correlation with chronic diseases. Higher sugar levels cause result in high insulin levels that can cause the destruction of beta cells that causes high blood sugar levels.
Insulin resistance is the main cause of both prediabetes and type 2 diabetes which is a condition that desensitize both your muscle and liver to the action of insulin. Overtime, several people with type II diabetes ends up damaging beta cells function, resulting in insufficient production of insulin. The main cause of beta cells dysfunction is the accumulation of fat inside your liver and muscle. When your muscle and liver become insulin resistant you do the following:
- Reduce your insulin resistance by eating low fat, plant based and whole grain food diet.
- Or injecting yourself with insulin.
Also, eating a diet that limit stress on your insulin producing beta cells can help you to prevent or manage diabetes. Beta cells in your pancreas respond to high blood glucose by producing more and more insulin and your body may become more resistant to this important hormone. You can help prevent insulin resistance and protect your beta cells by avoiding foods that can quickly raise your blood sugar levels. Eat more of foods that allow your blood sugar levels to rise slowly.
The problem is…
Diabetes is a serious, chronic condition that is one of the leading cause of death worldwide. While diabetes itself is manageable, it’s complications can severely impact on daily living and some can be fatal, if not treated immediately. Diabetes complications are:
- Dental and gum diseases.
- Eye problems and loss of sight.
- Foot problems including numbness, leading to ulcers and untreated cut and injuries.
- Heart disease.
- Nerve damage such as diabetic neuropathy.
- Stroke and
- Kidney disease.
In the case of kidney diseases, this complication can result in kidney failure, water retention when body doesn’t dispose of water correctly and an individual an individual experiencing difficulties with bladder control. Regular monitoring of blood glucose levels and moderating glucose intake can assist people to prevent damaging complications of type 2 diabetes. For those with type 1 diabetes, taking insulin is the only way to moderate and control the effects of the condition.
What exactly is diabetic diet?
Diabetic diet deals with eating healthy foods at regular time of the day that can prevent abnormal spikes in blood sugar and make sure that your body can properly utilize the insulin it produces. Of great importance is the concept of Glycemic Index (GI). Glycemic index is the food ability to raise blood sugar level two (2) hours after consumption of foods that are rich in carbohydrate.
A low glycemic index (less than 55) means that the carbohydrate in those foods are absorbed slowly which can be helpful for the body to better manage post – meal changes food that have greater glycemic index (greater than 70) raise blood sugar levels more quickly. Low glycemic index carbohydrates foods are cereals, starchy vegetables, legumes and most fruits that are known as functional foods as a result of their beneficial effects on individual health and well-being.
Diabetic diets include:
(a) Fibre rich foods: Dietary fiber can control the rate at which the insulin and glucose are released into the blood stream. Eg broccoli, avocado, quinoa, lentil, oats, chia seeds, coconuts, bananas, carrots, almonds, flax seeds, okra, white beans.
(b) Nuts and Seeds: Are low in sugar, high in dietary fiber and rich in certain antioxidants that can bring down body cholesterol levels and regulate blood sugar. Examples of seeds are: benni (sesame), flax, chia, fenugreek and pumpkin. While examples of nuts include boiled peanut (ground nut) with no salt, almond, walnuts, pistachios, hazelnuts, cashew nuts. Nuts are packed with lot minerals and vitamins including vitamin E and magnesium. Eating of nuts may help reduce risk factors associated with several chronic diseases and diabetes.
(c) Starchy Vegetables: Starchy vegetables that contains COMPLEX CARBOHYDRATES that break down slowly thereby preventing sudden spikes and fall blood sugar levels. Good examples include: water yam, cocoyam, and Irish potatoes.
(d) Low Glycemic Index Fruits: Are fruit which contain carbohydrates and starches that break down slowly that are of benefit to the body and prevent quick rise in blood sugar levels. Good examples are : pears, oranges,dates, unripe plantains, unripe pawpaw (papaya), cherries, African star apple, strawberry, plum, lime, lemon, nectarines, peach, prunes.
(e) Whole Grain Foods: Are sources of dietary fiber that regulates the release of insulin and glucose spreading it out evenly for a long period of time that prevents sudden rise in blood glucose levels. Examples include: soy (soya) beans, wheat, millet, sorghum, white beans.
(f) Lean Meats: Fatty fish such as tuna, sardines, salmon, mackerel, et cetra that are rich in omega-3 fatty acid that lower bad cholesterol. Free range chicken and free turkey are good choices.
(g) Healthy Fats: Consumption of healthy fat such as poly unsaturated and mono saturated fat help to lower raised blood sugar levels and put diabetes under control when add in your diet in moderation. Good examples include: coconut oil, red oil, extra virgin olive oil.
FOODS TO AVOID
If you are following a strict diabetic diet. You should avoid foods high in starch (that’s simple carbohydrate or eat them in moderation), red meat, whole milk, processed or fast foods, sugary drinks. Other foods to avoid are foods high in sodium (SALT) saturated fats, caffeinated drinks, foods high in cholesterol, trans fats, white bread, fried foods and excess food preservatives or excess condiments.
If you must consume these these foods, eat them in moderation because they block the arteries, lead to cardiovascular problems, OBESITY, high blood pressure , and may raise raise your blood sugar levels and disrupt insulin process.
As a diabetic patient avoid staying idle. Exercise your body regularly to regulate the insulin in your blood stream. Eliminating excess calories and foods high in fat are excellent ways to monitor your blood sugar, together with cutting down overall consumption of simple carbohydrates (starch) that are basically sugars that breakdown into glucose in the body.
In addition, to eating the right foods, you must eat them at the proper time of the day and they must be evenly spaced out which is vital for people with type II diabetes. As the proper diabetes diet will allow your body to effectively utilize the insulin that your body produces.
Then, how is diabetes managed?
Presently diabetes cannot be cured but it can be treated and controlled. The goals of diabetes management are to:
- Keep your blood glucose levels as near to normal as much as possible by balancing food eating with medication and activity (that is, not staying idle).
- Maintain your blood cholesterol and triglyceride (lipid) levels as near their normal ranges as possible by reducing total amount of fat to 30 % or less of your daily total calories by decreasing saturated fat and cholesterol.
- Control your blood pressure. Your blood pressure shouldn’t go over 130/80.
- Slow or possibly prevent the development of diabetes – related health problems.
Furthermore, you hold the key to managing your diabetes by :
- Planning what you eat and following a balanced diet.
- Exercising regularly, even if it is walking.
- Taking medicine, if prescribed and closely following guidelines on how and when to take it.
- Monitoring your blood glucose and blood pressure at home and
- Keeping your appointment with you health care provider(s) and going for laboratory test as directed by your doctor.
Always remember that what you do at home every day affects your blood glucose levels more than what your doctor can do every few weeks or months during your check-ups.
This write-up is not meant to be a substitute to where the services of a medical professional is urgently.
Always monitor your blood glucose levels, eat the right diets, adjust your medication accordingly. It is better to start your diabetes medication from lower to smaller dose.
DIABETES/ HIGH BLOOD SUGAR (HYPERGLYCEMIA) NATURAL TREATMENTS
(1) OKRA / OKRO ( Lady Finger in English; ila in Yoruba; Okwuru in Igbo; idu in Idoma; Kubewa in Hausa) Get 2 sizeable Okra pods, cut off their heads. Put the sliced Okra with it sticky liquid (slime) in cup of 300 ml water. Cover it for 7 to 8 hours overnight to avoid contamination. In the morning take out the the pods and drink the water in the cup on an empty stomach. Okra water regulate blood sugar levels that cooked one. Do it everyday to regulate raised blood sugar levels. If it is severe take it before evening meal too.
(2) FENUGREEK (Ewedu in Yoruba; Hulba in Hausa; Kerenkeren in Igbo; Idooma in Idoma) Blend the fresh leaves of Fenugreek in water. Take 150 ml of the juice two times a day.
OR: Take 1 tablespoon of Fenugreek seeds powder with water two times a day.
(3) ALOE VERA (Ebube agu in Igbo; Tinya in Hausa; Ahon Erin in Yoruba) Take 1 tablespoon of Aloe Vera leaf juice or gel after ever meal with water.
Aloe Vera contains laxative properties, if it purges you stop taking it.
(4) IVY GOURD (Gurjin daaji in Hausa; Apa igbo, Ewe ero in Yoruba) Consume one Ivy Gourd every day.
(5) ORANGE (Lemu in Hausa; Sokoro in Efik; Oroma in Igbo; Osan didun in Yoruba) Drink fresh natural Orange Juice daily with no added sugar.
(6) MILLET / GUINEA CORN (Okababa in Yoruba; Igu in Idoma; Dawa in Hausa) Millet contains good amount of magnesium that aids the body to use insulin produce efficiently and help to regulate blood sugar. Prepare pap of Guinea corn or Millet porridge and take it always early in the morning before breakfast.
(7) MIMOSA PUDICA (Kparochuku, Kpakochuku in Igbo; Ewe Patanmon, Ewe Padimon in Yoruba; Mata gara kafa in Hausa; Enada abapa olutu kla in Idoma) Grind shade dried Mimosa Pudica leaves into powder. Take 1 tablespoon with water two times a day.
OR: Take 3 tablespoons of fresh Mimosa Pudica leaves juice twice a day.
(8) AZADIRACHTA INDICA (Neem in English; Aforo Oyinbo, Ewe cassia in Yoruba; Ogwu akom in Igbo; Bedi, Ko Dongoyaro in Hausa) Chew 5 fresh Neem leaves with water two times a day.
OR: Take 1 tablespoon of Neem leaves juice on empty stomach in the morning and at night before meal.
OR: Prepare tea decoction of fresh Neem leaves. Drink 150 ml two times a day.
(9) ACACIA NILOTICA (Bargaruwa in Hausa; Booni in Yoruba) Chew some gum of Acacia Nilotica gum.
(10) PSYLLIUM HUSK : Take 1 teaspoon of Psyllium husk powder two times a day daily with meal. Psyllium husk regulates blood sugar with the aid of forming fibers to slow down process of digestion.
(11) MISTLETOE (Afomo isana in Yoruba) Prepare tea infusion of Mistletoe leaves. Pour the tea in a flask after boiling. Drink 200 ml two times a day.
The stronger the tea decoction, the more effective it will be.
(12) DISCOREA ALATA (Water yam in English; Isi ovuna in Idoma; Dem pwen in Berom; Arunfanfan, Isu ewura in Yoruba; Agbo tsabagbu a in Tiv; Akenodo in Urhobo; Wura in Nupe; Igiorua, Udin in Edo; Bakar dooyaa, Jikin mutum, Sakataa in Hausa; Abire in Ibibio; Ji – m bala m bala, Ji – abana, Ngbede, Onoko in Igbo; Iyo ro buru in Ijo-Izon) water contains dietary fiber that help to stabilize digestion rate and regulate blood sugar levels in individuals with diabetes. Include boiled or roasted water yam to your diet.
Avoid fried water because it contains less nutrients and can raise your blood pressure.
(13) PLANTAINS LEAVES : Prepare tea infusion of shade dried leaves of Plantain leaves. Drink 250 ml two times a day.
(14) WATERMELON SEEDS : Boil 3 handfuls of Watermelon seeds in water. Strain it and pour the water in a flask. Drink 250 ml two times a day.
OR: Chew 2 tablespoons of Watermelon seeds three times a day.
Avoid the watermelon pulp because it contains diuretic properties that will make to urinate excessively and raise your blood sugar levels.
(15) CLOVES (Kanafuru in Yoruba; Kanumfari in Hausa) It contains properties that improves blood glucose levels. Chew 2 pieces of Cloves twice daily with water.
(16) INSULIN PLANT : Assist in boosting of production of Insulin naturally by activating beta cells of pancreas. Chew 1 to 2 leaf(or leaves) of insulin plant every morning.
(17) RED CABBAGE JUICE: The natural red pigment in Red Cabbage contains Betalians that assist in lowering high blood sugar levels and boost production of insulin. Take 150 ml of Red Cabbage juice two times a day. You can also add raw Red Cabbage in your diet.
(18) TINOSPORIA CORDIFOLIA (Epa ikun Yoruba) Prepare tea infusion of Tinosporia Cordifolia. Drink 30 ml two times a day.
(19) COLOCASIA ESCULENTA (Cocoyam in English; Koko in Itsekiri; Jwe pwen, Jwe sunan in Berom; Agbaha in Idoma; Ukovuvu in Degema; Iyokho in Edo; Eka – Ikpo in Annang; Kolokass in Arabic; Bonntore, Bonntoje in Fula-Fulfulde; Goojare, Meeroore Fulfulde in Gwari; Ikpon in Ibibio; Gwaazaa, Gwaazaa Mai Gudaji in Hausa; Ede oyinbo, Ede Osi li, Akasi ite in Igbo; Odu, Lodu in Izon; Ata m kpo in Efik; Okile in Epie; Udu in Urhobo; Isu Koko in Yoruba) It contains isoleucine that is a protein which regulate blood sugar, increases muscles strength and energy levels. Add boiled or roasted Cocoyam to your diet.
(20) CAYENNE PEPPER (Apoko eeke in Idoma; Ata ijosin, Ilufemi, ijeye, Afriremon in Yoruba; Barkono in Hausa; Ose oyinbo in Igbo) Inclusion of this Pepper in diet will help to treat and prevent diabetes. This pepper also enhances insulin response to blood sugar flunctuation.
(21) MORMORDICA CHARANTIA (Bitter gourd, Bitter melon in English; Garahanu in Mbula; Ndakdi in Dera; Dagdaggi in Fula-Fulfulde; Hashinashiap in Gomai; Daddagu in Hausa; iliahia in Igala; Akban Ndene, Okwunuolo in Igbo; Dagdagoo in Kanuri; Akara aje, Ejinrin nla, Ejirin weewe, Ejirin weere, Igbole Aja in Yoruba) take 2 tablespoons of fresh Mormordica charantia juice two times a day. Taking the fresh juice 30 minutes before your breakfast not only lower your blood sugar levels. It will also take of complications such as needle and pin sensations, visual defects and other conditions linked with diabetes.
(22) BANANA FLOWERS (Ododo Ogede tutu in Yoruba) Obtain 5 Banana 5 flowers. Take the yellow part and white bulb. Wash them with clean water. Cut them in to slices. Eat three times a day.
(23) BLACK PEPPER (Masooroo in Hausa; Ata iyere in Yoruba; Uzize, Uziza in Igbo) Include Black Pepper in your diet.
(24) CASSIA Occidentalis (Aborere, Asundegbe, Papala omode in Yoruba; Tafasaar Masar in Hausa) Prepare tea infusion of of Cassia Occidentalis. Drink 100 ml twice daily.
OR: Extract the juice from the fresh leaves of Cassia Occidentalis. Take 2 tablespoons two times a day.
(25) GYMNEMA SLYVESTRE (Hyena Bone in English; Yardin Kura in Hausa) It help the muscles to absorb sugar from the blood stream better. Take half tablespoon of Gymnema Slyvestre leaf powder two times a day.
OR: Prepare tea decoction of fresh Gymnema Slyvestre leaves. Take 100 ml two times a day.
(26) STAR APPLE / AFRICAN CHERRY (Otien in Edo; Ibi in Idoma; Agbalumon in Yoruba; Ehya in Igala; Udala, Udara in Igbo; Agbaluba in Hausa; Eha in Ebira; Utieaga dava in Urhobo) Make tea infusion of root or bark of Star Apple or African Cherry. Drink 200 ml twice a day.
OR: You can also add it fruit in your diet as well. Whenever you eat the fruit always eat fruit skin together with the pulp because it contains lot of nutrients.
(27) Grind shade dried leaves of both Gymnema Slyvestre and Azadirachta Indica into powder. Take 1/4 tablespoon two times a day.
(28) Dry the following leaves plant under the shade:
Cashew, Mango and Cocoyam leaves. Prepare tea infusion of the mentioned leaves. Drink 200 ml three times a day.
(29) PLANTAIN ROOT JUICE: Plantain root juice provides great hope for diabetes. Take 2 tablespoons of Plantain root juice two times a day. If the case is severe, take 2 tablespoons three times a day.
(30) HUNTERIA UMBELLATA
(Osu in Edo; Abere in Yoruba; Mkpokiri, Otosu, Osu – Igwe in Igbo) Obtain dried seeds of Hunteria Umbellata. Remove the cover. Grind the seeds into powder. Soak the powder in 900 ml of Coconut water
(Omi agbon in Yoruba; Ruwa Kwankwar in Hausa; Ame kokodia in Urhobo; Mmri Aki beke in Igbo) for 12 hours. Take 2 tablespoons two times a day before or after meals.
(31) Bark of Detarium microcarpum (Taura in Hausa; Ofo in Igbo; Egbo Ogbogbo in Yoruba), Root and bark of Scoparia dulcis (Sweet broom weed in English; Aiya in Igbo; Roma – fada in Hausa; Mesen – mesen gogoro in Yoruba) Boil the combination of the herbs in water. Drink 150 ml two times a day.
(32) WATER LEAF (Nte oka in Igbo; Ipi ape in Idoma; Gbure in Yoruba; Alenyruwa in Hausa; Ebe dondon in Edo) regulate blood sugar levels due to it essential minerals contents and high dietary fiber that assist in slowing down digestion and conversion of carbohydrates to complex starch. Prepare Water Leaf juice by cutting one or two handful(s) of water leaves and it tender stems in to slices. Squeeze in water or blend by using blender. Take 200 ml of the green liquid immediately after preparation. Throw away the chaff. Do it two times a day.
(33) Bark of Tamarind Indica (Tamarind in English; Icheku in Igbo; Awin in Yoruba) and Morida Lucinda leaves (Oruwo in Yoruba; Eze ogu in Igbo; Ufu Ogile in Igede) put them together in pot with water. Boil for 30 minutes, take 200 ml two times a day.
(34) Africa bread fruit leaves (Ukwa in Igbo; Afon in Yoruba; Ize in Benin; Ediang in Efik; Jekri, Sobo, Izea in Ijaw), Bush buck leaves (Utazi in Igbo; Arokeke in Yoruba) and Sand Paper tree leaves (Ewe eepin in Yoruba) Boil the herbs in water. Drink 150 ml twice a day.
(35) Securdiaca longedum (Violet tree bark in English; Epo ipeta in Yoruba) Cut the bark into shred. Put 2 handfuls of Securdiaca longedum bark in 5 liters water.
Add little potash (Kahun in Yoruba; Kanwa in Hausa) and 200 ml of lime juice
(Omi oronbo, Omi osan wewe in Yoruba; Ekpe nkirisi in Igbo; Ruwa lemu tsami, Kadanbuya in Hausa; Evwe in Urhobo). Put them in plastic container. Shake them together. After hour of preparation. You can start taking it. Drink it 150 ml two times a day.
(36) Obtain enough quantities of fresh Fluted Pumpkin leaves
(Ugu in Igbo; Ikong – Ubong in Efik; Origo in Idoma),
Amygdalina fresh leaves
(Bitter leaf in English; Onugbo in Igbo; Olugbo in Idoma; Shuwakar in Hausa; Etidot in Ibibio; Chusar – doki in Hausa)
and Ocimum Gratissimum fresh leaves (Scent leaf, Basil leaf in English; Daiddoya in Hausa; Nchuanwu, Arigbe in Igbo; Ewe Effinrin tutu in Yoruba; Kunguleko in Tiv) Blend all the leaves together in water in a big bowl. Sieve and pour the liquid in a gallon. Keep it in refrigerator. Take 200 ml three times a day.
The more concentrated the decoction is, the more effective it will be.
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