The goal of high blood pressure treatment is to encourage you to treat it, to do what that will help you to normalize your blood pressure. Blood pressure is the pressure of blood pushing against the walls of your arteries. Arteries carry blood from the heart to other parts of the body. One thing about blood pressure is that, it normally rises and falls throughout the day.
One of the most dangerous thing about high blood pressure is that you may not even know that you have it. The only way you can know if your blood pressure reading is high, is through regular check-ups. A blood pressure appears as two numbers. The first and higher of the two is a measure of systolic pressure or the pressure of arteries when the heart beats and fills them with blood. The second number measures diastolic pressure or the pressure in the arteries when the heart filling and resting between heart beats. However, hypertension is a silent killer, the medical term for high blood pressure is called hypertension (that is when the blood pressure is too high). If the measurement reads 120 systolic and 80 diastolic, you would say, “120 over 80”, or write, “120/80 mm Hg. However, a normal blood pressure is less than 120/80 mmHg. According to World Health Organization (WHO) in 2015, 1 in 4 men and 1 in 5 women had hypertension. Fewer than 1 in 5 with hypertension have this serious medical condition under control.
This article analyzes causes, symptoms, classification, risk factors, complications, diets and high blood pressure treatment.
You guess it…
This article will enable …:
- Meaning of blood pressure.
- What causes hypertension.
- Hypertension signs and symptoms.
- High blood pressure classification.
- Factors that increases your likelihood of developing hypertension.
- What may happen if hypertension is not properly controlled.
- Diets for hypertensive people and
- High blood pressure treatment.
Now, let’s take a deep dive…
HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE CAUSES
The causes of hypertension are multifactorial, meaning there are many factors whose combined effects produce hypertension that include:
(1) High salt intake or salt sensitivity.
(2) High body cholesterol.
(3) Lack of outdoor exercise.
(5) Poor ventilation (that result in poor blood circulation and metabolism).
(6) Poor feeding habits.
(7) Chronic feeding habits.
(8) Eating devatilized foods such as bread, sugar, sweet, cakes, et cetra.
(9) Wrong feeding habit (that causes atherosclerosis as a result of many waste matter in the body blocking the artery) and
(10) Sleep apnea.
HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE SYMPTOMS
Look out for the following sign or symptoms, if your blood pressure is extremely high. They are:
- Shortness of breath.
- Severe headache.
- Blurred vision.
- Chest pain.
- Irregular heartbeat.
- Buzzing in the ears.
- Blood in the urine.
- Pounding in your chest, neck or ear.
- Swelling in the leg(s).
- Muscle tremors.
- Feeling of pulsations in the head.
- Heart attack and
Now, This is important…
You will likely have your blood pressure taken as part of a routine doctor’s appointment. Public blood pressure machines, such as those found in pharmacies, may provide helpful information about your blood pressure but may have some limitations. The accuracy of these machines depends on many factors such as correct cuff size and proper use of the machines. Ask YOUR doctor for advice on using public blood pressure machines.
HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE RISK FACTORS
The following factors increases risk of developing hypertension. They are: several factors increases your likelihood of hypertension. They include:
- AGE : Hypertension is more common in people who are more than 60 years of age.
- ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO: regular consumption of alcohol and tobacco can raise your blood pressure.
- SEX: males are at higher risk of developing high blood pressure than females. However, this is only until after women reach menopause.
- BEING OVERWEIGHT : the more you weigh, the more blood you need to supply oxygen and nutrients to your tissues. As the volume of blood circulated through your blood vessels increases, so does the pressure on your artery wall.
- TOO MUCH SALT (SODIUM)
- CERTAIN CHRONIC CONDITIONS: may increase your risk of high blood pressure such as diabetes, kidney diseases, sleep apnea.
- PEOPLE WHO ARE NOT ACTIVE TENDS TO HAVE HIGHER HEART RATES.
- FAMILY HISTORY
- RACE : high blood pressure are more common among people of African descent.
- DIET LOW IN POTASSIUM
COMPLICATIONS OF HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE
The following are the complications of uncontrolled high blood pressure. They are:
- Heart attack.
- Heart failure.
- Chest pain or angina.
- Kidney damage.
- Problem with vision.
- Sexual dysfunction: high blood pressure can cause low libido in women and erectile dysfunction in men.
- Peripheral artery disease (PAD).
- Metabolic syndrome and
- Reduction in the ability to think, learn and remember things (cognitive impairment).
You don’t want to miss the next part…
HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE CLASSIFICATION
The following are high blood pressure classification. They are:
The cause is not known. Several cases of hypertension can be found in this category.
This type of hypertension happens as a result of medical condition that affects the heart, kidneys, arteries, or endocrine system.
This happens when medication do not have any positive effect on hypertension.
This occurs during exercise. During exercise blood pressure do shoot up.
CLASSIFICATION of HYPERTENSION in stages in terms of systolic and diastolic pressure.
(a) Normal Blood Pressure: when Systolic is less than 120 mm Hg and Diastolic is less than 80 mm Hg.
(b) Pre – Hypertension: when Systolic pressure is between 120 and 139 mm Hg. Diastolic pressure is between 80 and 89 mm Hg.
(c) Stage I Hypertension: when systolic pressure is between 140 and 159 mm Hg. Diastolic pressure 90 and 99 mm Hg.
(d) Stage II Hypertension: occur when systolic pressure is between 160 mm Hg or greater diastolic 100 or greater.
(e) Isolated Systolic Hypertension: it is a situation whereby systolic pressure is high while diastolic pressure is normal. The systolic blood pressure remains below 90 mm Hg. It occurs when aorta which is an artery that transfers oxygenated blood from the heart to the circulatory system get stuff as due to old age that bring about rise in the systolic pressure when the heart beats and pumps blood.
This doesn’t have an effect the on the pressure when the heart relaxes during heart beats, in a situation like the diastolic is affected. It occur as a result of old age and it commonly affect women than men. The following factors are responsible. They are:
- Low calcium in tissues.
- High sodium levels.
- High cardiac output.
- Reduced elastic capacity of blood vessels.
If not treated, it may affect the kidney, result in heart disease and stroke.
(f) Isolated Diastolic Hypotension: it is a condition that occurs when the diastolic blood pressure is high while systolic blood pressure remains normal (that is, below 140 mm Hg). It may happen as a result of smoking, alcohol, poor diet, being overweight and sedentary lifestyle. It increases chances of kidney failure, heart failure, heart attack and stroke.
(g) Isolated Diastolic Hypotension: it is the situation that happens when Diastolic pressure falls below 60 mg Hg and Systolic pressure remains normal. The heart function harder. In fact, it become very hard for blood to move in the arteries. It may happen due to stiff arteries, dehydration and old age. It also increases such patient chances of stroke.
According to research, the risk of dying of heart attack is directly linked to high blood pressure especially systolic hypertension. The higher your blood pressure, the higher the risk. When hypertension is not properly controlled, it can lead to serious diseases such as kidney failure, atherosclerosis, heart disease, eye problems, stroke and death.
Let’s continue, can we?
Diets for Hypertensive People – High Blood Pressure Treatment.
When it comes to prevention and management of hypertension, what you eat is very important. Eating heart friendly foods that are rich in minerals such as POTASSIUM, MAGNESIUM, and CALCIUM will assist YOU in lowering high blood pressure. They lowers both the SYSTOLIC and DIASTOLIC READINGS. Hypertensive diet are:
(a) Eat fresh green, leafy vegetables of different colours that contains minerals such as magnesium, potassium and calcium.
(b) Eat fresh or frozen fruits and avoid canned ones.
(c) Eat whole grain that are high in fibre and avoid or limit consumption of white bread, biscuits, cakes and so on.
(d) SEEDS AND NUTS: are rich in fibres and minerals, fatty acids that are important to your health because they increase HDL (good cholesterol) levels.
(e) OIL AND FAT: healthy sources of fats are coconut oil, red oil (palm oil), olive oil and sunflower oil. Seed oil that are healthy are obtain from sesame, flax, pumpkin and avocados. Because they are healthy does not mean you should not consume them in moderation.
(f) PROTEINS: from plant source include lentils, pigeon peas, black eyed peas, white beans, chick peas, soy beans (soya beans). Protein from animal sources are goat meat, chicken, egg (consume one boil egg and take it in moderation so that it will not raise your blood pressure), fish (such as tuna, sardines, herring, salmon, and cold water fishes). Fish contains Omega-3 fatty acid that help in lowering your blood pressure. Eat them in moderation so that, they will not raise your blood pressure. Avoid red meat, fried chicken, fried eggs, fried foods and oily foods.
(g) Take diary products that contains less fat such as skimmed milk (low fat milk) and yogurt.
Drink water as your body can take. Do not smoke or drink alcohol and caffeine because they raises your blood pressure and causes other health problems. Reduce salt intake, excess sodium or salt in your diet will elevate your blood pressure that makes your body to retain water and result in swelling of feet (oedema) and other undesirable health conditions.
Also, exercise your body regularly for blood to properly flow in the vessels and prevent plaques formation on the inner walls of your arteries. Managing of high blood pressure is a life long commitment, always monitor your blood pressure, take your medication by following your doctor advice. Eat diet that promote normal blood pressure and avoid the ones that raise your blood pressure.
Here’s how YOU solve this…
This article is not meant to be a substitute to where the services of medical professional is urgently needed.
HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE TREATMENT
(1) KALANCOE PINNATA (Life plant, Miracle plant, Air plant in English; Abamoda, Odundun in Yoruba; Satura in Hausa; Odaa opue in Igbo; Umbu in Ijo-Izon; Afiayo in Efik; Ekpokpo in Edo; Ebe – Okponkpan in Urhobo) Crush the leaf of fresh Kalancoe Pinnata into juice. Take half tablespoon two times a day for high blood pressure treatment.
Always monitor your blood pressure.
(2) CAYENNE PEPPER (Apoko eeke in Idoma; Ose oyinbo in Igbo; Usira in Esan; Isie in Benin; Ilufemi, ijeye, Afriremon, Ata ijosin in Yoruba; Barkono in Hausa) exert vasodilatory action on the arteries, allowing enhanced blood flow. Always include Cayenne Pepper in your diet for high blood pressure treatment.
(3) RED ONION
(Albasa gudaji in Hausa; Alubosa onisu in Yoruba; Yabasi in Igbo; Alubarha in Edo; Ayim in Efik; Alubusu in Tiv) cut Red Onion into slices and crush them in to juice. Mix 1 tablespoon of Red Onion Juice with
1 pinch of Cayenne Pepper powder mixed with
one tablespoon of Organic Pure Honey (Zmanu in Igbo; Dorawa in Hausa; Oyin igan, Oyin gidi in Yoruba; Iyio in Tiv; Enwu in Idoma)
(4) SPINACH (Egungun ori iganna, Toromon iganna, Amunututu in Yoruba; Gborongi in Igbo; Allayyahu in Hausa) maintains blood pressure as a result of it good sources of Potassium, Calcium and Magnesium. Drink 150 ml of Spinach leaves juice two times a day for high blood pressure treatment.
OR: You may slightly boil fresh Spinach leaves with 2 pinches of Cayenne pepper. Do not add any other ingredients.
Spinach is slightly laxative.
(5) AVOCADO (Ube oyinbo in Igbo; Eso pia in Yoruba; Piya in Hausa; Orumwu in Bini; Eban mbakara in Efik) is rich in Potassium mineral. It reduces tension in the blood vessels and arteries, regulating blood pressure that inturn reduces the chances of blood clotting, heart attacks and stroke.
(6) MISTLETOE (Afomo isana in Yoruba) promote flow of blood to the brain and heart that makes it one of the best herbs for the management of high blood pressure. Boil 5 handfuls of dried Mistletoe leaves in water. Pour the tea decoction in a flask. Take 200 ml two times a day for high blood pressure treatment.
The more concentrated the tea, the better the result.
(7) COCO YAM (Isu Koko in Yoruba; Odu in Isoko; isi agbaha in Idoma; Udu in Urhobo; Iyokho in Edo; Kwokwo in Gwari; Okile in Epie; Lodu in izon; Eka – ikpo in Anaang; Akasi ite, ede nkiti, Ede oyinbo, Ogu ede in Igbo; Mai – gudaajii in Hausa) regulates blood pressure due to Omega-3, an essential fatty acid that produce hormones that controls the contraction and relaxation of arteries wall. If this mechanisms is going the way it should, blood pressure will be normal. Add Cocoyam in your diet for high blood pressure treatment.
(8) THYME :
leaves are rich in Potassium mineral that will bring down high blood pressure and high heart beats rate under control. Prepare tea infusion of either fresh or dried Thyme leave. Drink 250 ml three times a day for high blood pressure treatment.
OR: You may add Thyme in your diet.
(9) GRAPES (Rodo rodo in Yoruba; inabi in Hausa) increases the blood nitric oxide levels which prevents blood clots. Extract the juice of fresh Grapes. Drink one glass cup once a day for high blood pressure treatment.
are rich in Potassium and Magnesium that eases the flow of blood to various parts of the body and keep them functioning at full capacity but it is low in Sodium. Strawberry Leaves can be eaten raw, cooked or can be taken in tea form for high blood pressure treatment.
(11) POMEGRANATE JUICE:
It lowers high blood pressure, improve cholesterol, reduces plaques in your arteries, reducing your risks for cardiovascular disease. Eating and drinking one cup of fresh Pomegranate pure fruit juice daily will provide you with this benefits.
(12) ORANGE JUICE
(Omi osan didun in Yoruba; Ruwa lemu in Hausa; Olom in Igbo; Sokoro in Efik) it fresh juice contains Magnesium and Potassium that restore high blood pressure to normal levels. Take 250 ml fresh natural Orange Juice with no added sugar once a day. If it is severe take it, two times a day for high blood pressure treatment.
(13) UNRIPE PLANTAINS (Ogede agbagba dudu in Yoruba; Jioko, Oji – oko in Igbo; Ayaba, Agade in Hausa; Agbo ochi in Idoma) contains some levels of Serotonin that dilated the arteries, improves blood flow and reduces homocysteine (a condition that causes coronary artery and stroke) It is better to roast unripe plantains rather than cooking. It can be boiled. Include Unripe Plantains in your diet for high blood pressure treatment.
During cooking process some minerals or nutrients might be destroyed.
(Ayuu, Ayo ishi in Igbo; Alubosa ayu in Yoruba; Tafarnuwa in Hausa) reduce the Triglycerides levels and LDL (bad cholesterol). It prevents plaques deposition on the inner walls of the arteries. Take 2 to 3 fresh Garlic pods twice a day, after meals for high blood pressure treatment.
(15) GINGER (Atale in Yoruba; Chitta in Hausa; Jinja in Igbo and Urhobo) reduce the risk and manages heart disease. It improves heart performance during exercise because it provides relaxing effects on the the body and reduce blood clotting. Put 1 tablespoon of Ginger juice or powder in 300 ml very hot water. Stir it thoroughly. Strain and drink when it is cool. Do it two times a day for high blood pressure treatment.
(16) FENUGREEK SEEDS
(Eso Ewedu in Yoruba; Hulba in Hausa; Ukpo Idooma in Idoma; Kerenkeren in Igbo) regulates blood cholesterol levels and improve blood pressure. Hence, reduce the risks of developing heart conditions and improve heart health. Soak 2 tablespoons of Fenugreek seeds in water for 7 to 8 hours. Grind the soaked Fenugreek seeds in to paste together with 2 fresh Garlic pods
and 1 pinch of Cayenne pepper powder.
Take it 10 minutes before meal. Do it twice daily for high blood pressure treatment.
(17) WATER LEAF
(Ipi ape in Idoma; Gbure in Yoruba; Ebedondon in Edo; Nte oka in Igbo; Alenyruwa in Hausa) Obtain fresh water leaves. Cut the fresh tender stems and the leaves in to slices. Blend them in to juice. Add 2 pinches of Black Pepper powder
(Masooroo in Hausa; Ata iyere in Yoruba; Uziza, Uzize in Igbo) in to the green liquid that is your juice. Throw away the chaff. Drink the juice within 10 minutes of preparation. Do it two times a day for high blood pressure treatment.
(18) Roast Unripe Plantains: Cut it open in the middle put Cayenne Pepper and eat with 2 or 3 fresh Garlic pods for high blood pressure treatment.
(25) CHRYSOPYLLUM ALBIDUM
(African star apple in English; Utieaga dava in Urhobo; Eha in Ebira; Ibi in Idoma; Udala, Udara in Igbo; Agbaluba in Hausa; Agbalumon in Yoruba; Ehya in Igala; Otien in Edo) contains Magnesium, Calcium and other minerals that lowers elevated blood pressure. After eating the fruit pulp, it advisable you eat the skin as well because it is the most medicinal part of the plant. Add this fruit in your diet.
(19) BLACK PEPPER
(Masooroo in Hausa; Uziza in Igbo; Ata iyere in Yoruba) Masooroo in Hausa; Uziza in Igbo; Ata iyere in Yoruba) contains a compound known as Piperine that help in lowering elevated blood pressure. Always add Black Pepper in your diet for high blood pressure treatment.
(20) TETRAPLEURA TETRAPTERA
(Oshosho, Osakirisa in Igbo; Dawo in Hausa; Aridan, Aidan in Yoruba; Owoglo in Idoma; Uyayak in Ibibio) can be use for the prevention and management of high blood pressure and improving oxidation position in salt model hypertensive patient. Boil either the leaves or bark of Tetrapleura Tetraptera in water. Take 100 ml two times a day. Alternatively, Tetrapleura Tetraptera pods can crush or broken into pieces. Add small quantity of it to your cooking water. After it had boil for 10 minutes or once the water change colour. Remove the crush pods and throw them away. Use the water to cook your food.
(21) Grind the following items together:
• Fresh Garlic pods
• Cloves (Kanafuru in Yoruba; Kanumfari in Hausa)
• Bitter Cola (Edun, Efiariin Efik; Oje in Bokyi; Igoligo in Idoma; Orogbo in Yoruba; Aku – ilu, Ugolo in Igbo; Akaan in Ijo-Izon; Okain in Itsekiri; Efrie in Ejagham-kin; Emiale in Icheve)
Mix them thoroughly with Organic Pure Honey and
Take 1 tablespoon twice a day for high blood pressure treatment.
(22) Terminalia Catappa leaves
(Ofio in Yoruba; Almond in English; Obulonu beke in Idoma; Mbansen mbakara in Efik), Avocado leaves (Ube oyinbo in Igbo; Piya in Hausa; Ewe pia in Yoruba) and Banana leaves.
Prepare tea infusion of the above items. Drink 200 ml three times a day for high blood pressure treatment.
(23) Cajanus Cajan leaves (Dogon Wake in Hausa; Ewe Otili in Yoruba; Fiofio in Igbo), Leaves of Psidium Guajava
(Guava in English; Gwaba in Hausa; Kasu in Yoruba; Kansu in Igbo; Igobe in Urhobo) and
Phyllanthus Amarus/ phyllanthus Nuriri
(Stone breaker in English; Ehinbisowo Yin olobe Eyin olobe in Yoruba; Geeron tsuntsaaye in Hausa; Oyomokeso amanke edem in Efik; Eyinkonwa, Ngwu, Buchi oro in Igbo) put all the mentioned items in a pot filled with water. Boil for 30 minutes. Drink 250 ml two times a day for high blood pressure treatment.