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Macular Degeneration Natural Treatments









Macular degeneration or macular deterioration is a chronic disease that results in vision loss in the center of a person’s field of vision. The macula is in the center of the retina, the light sensitive layer of tissue at the back of the eye. The macula is responsible for central vision (straight – ahead vision). As the eye ages, the macula deteriorates and the central sharp vision that is used for seeing in detail is gradually lost.


Macular degeneration is also known as  Age Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) due to the fact that it is associated with getting older and mainly affects people later in life. Inherited forms of this disease can also affect young people as well. Macular degeneration differs from glaucoma that results in gradual loss of peripheral (side – ways vision) and cataracts that normally clears the eyes lens and the eyes become cloudy.




In course of reading this article; these are what you’ll come across: macular degeneration symptoms, causes, types, and natural treatments.



I think You’ll agree with me, when I say…

This write-up will enable YOU to know;

  • Symptoms of macular degeneration.
  • Causes of macular degeneration.
  • Types of macular degeneration.
  • Factors that increases your chances of being affected by macular degeneration.
  • Lifestyles changes that can assist you to prevent loss of vision and




I’ll explain….



What are the SYMPTOMS of Macular Degeneration?

Macular degeneration is a painless condition that occurs mostly after the age of 50 years that include:

  1. Distinguishing of faces becomes difficult.
  2. Distortion, that is, straight line becomes crooked or wavy.
  3. Difficulty in performing activities which requires fine vision, difficulty in reading or driving.
  4. Difficulty in adapting to low levels of light.
  5. Reduced intensity or brightness of colours.
  6. Need for brighter lighting when reading or in a little dark place.
  7. Dark patches or empty spaces appear in the center of the field of your vision.
  8. Gradual increase in the cloudiness of central vision.



What CAUSES macular degeneration?

The exact causes of macular degeneration is not known. What is known is that, as the eye ages, certain structural and functional changes takes place in the retina which are important to the degeneration or deterioration development. However, genetic and environmental factors may be the cause.





Here’s why that’s important…


What are the TYPES of macular degeneration?

There are two (2) types of macular degeneration or macular degeneration. They are:

(1) DRY MACULAR DEGENERATION: is more common and serious of the two types, which may progress to the wet form over time. Dry macular deterioration has the following stages; which may affect one or both eyes. The sign of more advanced dry Age Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is the presence of a blurred spot in the center of vision.

(a) EARLY STAGE: Small yellow deposits called DRUSEN deposit beneath the retina and may be detected during an eye examination. Vision is not usually affected and there are no signs or symptoms.

(b) INTERMEDIATE STAGE: One or two large DRUSEN are present. There may be blurred spot in the center of the visual field. More light may be required to read or do other things.

(c) ADVANCED STAGE: Many large DRUSEN and breakdown of the macular tissue is present. There is blurring of the central vision. Reading becomes difficult and there is more reliance on peripheral vision. Dry AMD cannot be treated at present but it progression can be slowed down through healthy lifestyle changes and with foods rich in VITAMIN and ANTIOXIDANTS.


(2) WET MACULAR DEGENERATION: Occurs when abnormal blood vessels grows under the retina and leak fluid or blood into the macula region. However, an early symptoms of wet age related macular deterioration is the appearance of straight lights.




You won’t believe what we discovered…



Risk Factors

The following factors increases your likelihood of age related macular degeneration; that include:

(a) Family history.

(b) High blood pressure.

(c) Obesity.

(d) Ethnicity.

(e) Smoking.

(f) Over 50 years of age.

(g) A diet high in unsaturated fat and

(h) Simple carbohydrates.






Next is…


Lifestyle Changes

These measures may assist you in the prevention of vision loss; if macular degeneration has already been diagnosed or you may reduce the risk of developing deteriorating macular. They’re:

  • Avoid blue light source and ultraviolet ray.
  • Maintain proper eye hygiene to avoid worsening of macular deterioration.
  • Stop smoking, if you do.
  • Reduce or stay away totally from alcohol.
  • Refrain from activities that strain the eyes.
  • Exercise regularly and keep down your weight.
  • Eat different varieties of green leafy vegetables and fruits.
  • Add fish and nuts to your diet.
  • Eat foods that contains complex carbohydrates and avoid the ones that contains simple starch.
  • Go for eye checks, by regularly visiting your Optometrist or Ophthalmologist every six months, that’s twice in a year.

Read: Low Back Pain Herbal Treatments









So what’s the solution?



This article is not meant to be a substitute to where the services of medical professional is urgently needed.




Macular Degeneration Natural Treatments

(1) TOMATO: Contains lycopene that fight macular degeneration and keeps your eye healthy. Eating of fresh raw Tomatoes balls daily can keep your eyes fine and healthy.


(2) CARROTS: Are excellent for the eyes due to it abundant amount of beta carotene that improves your vision and fight against eye problems such as macular degeneration. Include Carrots in moderate amounts in your diet.


(3) TIGER NUTS (Akiausa in Igbo; Opa – Opu in Igala; Imu-mu-mu in Yoruba; Aya in Hausa) Omega-3 and zinc in Tiger nuts acts as anti-inflammatory that maintains eye health. Always Chew fresh Tiger nuts.

(4) SPINACH (Gborongi in Igbo; Alayyahu in Hausa; Amunututu; Egungun ori iganna; Toromon iganna in Yoruba) It contains vitamin A and minerals that aid in good eye sight. Add slightly boil Spinach in your diet.


(5) PINEAPPLE JUICE (Ogede oyinbo in Yoruba; Akwu oyinbo, Akwu Ocha, Akwou olu in Igbo; Mbuer u butter in Tiv; Aregede in Idoma; Edin ebo in Bini; Abarba in Hausa) Beta carotene in Pineapple prevent age related diseases such as macular degeneration. Add Unripe Pineapple in your diet.

(6) WHEAT (Alkama in Hausa) Consumption of whole wheat lower the risk of the degeneration of the macular due Vitamin E, Zinc and Niacin found in wheat.

(7) OCCIMUM GRATISSIMUM (Scent leaf, Basil leaf in English; Ewe Effinrin; Kunguleko in Tiv; Daddoya in Hausa; Nchuanwu, Arigbe in Igbo; Ayeneba in Idoma) Regular consumption of fresh Basil leaves fight degeneration of vision due to it Vitamin A and C content.


(8) CAULIFLOWER : It can be found in green, orange and purple colours. Adding Cauliflower to your diet lessens age related macular degeneration.


(9) GRAVIOLA / SOURSOP (Eko oyinbo, Eko omode in Yoruba) It is rich in antioxidants especially in VITAMIN C & E, mineral like zinc and Beta carotene that reduce oxidative stress that can cause the degeneration of macular. Add Soursop in your diet.


(10) THYME: Contains large amounts of vitamin A and C, Zinc, Thiamine and Folate. Thyme promote healthy vision and reduce macular degeneration. You consume Thyme in fresh and dried form. It can also be taken in TEA form.

Read : Migraine Natural Treatments

(11) AVOCADO PEAR (Ube oyinbo, Ube beke in Igbo; Piya in Hausa; Eban mbakara in Efik; Orumwu in Bini) It is rich in Carotenoids such as Lutein and Zeaxanthin that keeps your eyes healthy when consume regularly.


(12) STRAWBERRY: Contains Flavonoids, Phenolic phytochemicals and Ellagic acid. Eating of Strawberries fruits can treat or prevent macular degeneration. You can add fresh Strawberry Leaves in your diet. You can take the leaves in TEA form.

(13) LIME JUICE (Osan wewe, Oronbo in Yoruba; Lemu tsami Kadanbuya in Hausa; Evwe in Urhobo; Ekpe nkirisi in Igbo) Due to the Antioxidants found in Lime juice, it regular consumption protects the eyes from macular degeneration.

(14) GRAPES (inabi in Hausa; Rodo rodo in Yoruba) Consumption of Grapes juice or Grapes seeds extract prevent macular degeneration as a result of Flavonoids found in Grapes.


(15) CABBAGE: Vitamin A in Cabbage assist in maintaining sharp vision while averting or preventing macular deterioration. Add raw Cabbage in your diet.



(16) WATER LEAF (Efo Gbure in Yoruba; Ipi ape in Idoma; Ebedondon in Edo; Nte oka in Igbo; Alenyruwa in Hausa) It contains compound known as RETINOL that are rich in VITAMIN A that makes the eyes to grasp light and any object that is received by the retina to the brain neurons that then visualize accurately. Obtain  2 handful of fresh water leaves. Wash them with clean  water. Cut the tender stems and the leaves into slices. Add little water and  juice them by using blender. The green liquid is your juice. Drink it. Throw away the chaff. CONSUME IMMEDIATELY after preparation!


(17) CARICA PAPAYA (Papaya Pawpaw in English; Eto oyinbo in Urhobo; Gwanda in Hausa; Ideru in Idoma; Ojo, Okpurukwa, Okwere, Okwuru bekoe in Igbo; Etihi-mbakara in Efik) Contains Zeaxanthin that filters out rays that harm the retina that reduces macular degeneration. Add Pawpaw in your diet.


(18) UNRIPE PLANTAIN (Ogede agbagba dudu in Yoruba; Ayaba in Hausa; Ogbadejieoke, Ojioko, Abereka in Igbo; Oghede in Benin; Agbo ochi in Idoma) Eating Unripe Plantain helps with better vision due to it Vitamin A, C and Niacin contents. Eat 2 Unripe roasted Plantain regularly.



Finally, when battling with macular degeneration early diagnosis, treatment, lifestyle changes and with the advice of your doctor take antioxidants, zinc, and vitamin (A, C, and E) supplements or diets. Avoid foods made of refined starches, excess sugar (foods high in glycemic index) that increases your chances of been affected by macular deterioration.


Being diagnosed with macular degeneration does not mean you will completely lose your sight. To get the best results from your treatment. Follow the guidance of your Opthalmologist or Medical experts. By so doing, you can live your life with no worries.






We diligently research and continuesly update our information. Please let us know if you find any error(s).


Thank YOU for reading!






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High Cholesterol (Hypercholesterolemia) Natural Treatments





Cholesterol is a waxy substance your body uses to protect nerves, make cell tissues and produce certain hormones. Cholesterol is an oil-based substance that does not mix with blood that is water based. Cholesterol moves around the body in lipoproteins.


Also, your liver produces all the cholesterol your body needs. Your body get cholesterol directly from the food you eat such as meats, eggs, and diary products. Eating fresh foods and avoiding animal fats and processed items can help people to regulate their body cholesterol levels. At normal levels, cholesterol is an important substance for the body but if the concentrations in the blood becomes too high, CHOLESTEROL BECOMES A SILENT DANGER WHICH PUT PEOPLE AT RISK OF HEART ATTACK.



This article focuses on types cholesterol, symptoms of high cholesterol, causes, risk factors, complications, diets and natural treatments.




Here’s something we can both agree on…

This write up will enable YOU to know:

  1. The meaning of cholesterol.
  2. Types of cholesterol.
  3. Functions of cholesterol.
  4. Causes of high cholesterol.
  5. Symptoms of high cholesterol.
  6. Factors that increases your chances of high cholesterol.
  7. How high cholesterol is diagnosed.
  8. Healthy cholesterol levels.
  9. Diets that can help you to maintain healthy cholesterol, diet or what you must avoid and
  10. Natural Treatments.





I’ll explain…

Types of Cholesterol

There are different kinds of cholesterol. They include:

(a) Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL) : LDL or “bad” cholesterol, transports cholesterol particles throughout your body. LDL cholesterol builds up in the walls of arteries, making them hard and narrow.

(b) High-Density Lipoprotein (HDL) : HDL or good cholesterol, moves up excess cholesterol and takes it back to your liver.

(c) Triglycerides : is another type of fat in your blood. When you consume or eat more calories more than your body can use, it turns the extra calories into triglycerides.


However, changing your lifestyle (that is, diet and exercise) can improve your cholesterol levels, reduce your LDL and Triglycerides and raise HDL levels.


What Are The Functions of Cholesterol?

Cholesterol perform four primary functions without which we could not survive. They are:

  • Contributing to the structure of cell walls.
  • Allowing the body to produce vitamin D.
  • Making up digestive bile acids in the intestine and
  • Enabling the body to produce certain hormones.







Don’t stop reading now…




What Are The Causes of High Cholesterol?

Your liver produces cholesterol but you also obtain cholesterol from food. Eating many foods high in fat content increases your likelihood of high cholesterol levels. Being overweight (obese) and in active will also result in high cholesterol. If you’re overweight you are likely to have a higher triglycerides. If you never exercise and not active in general, it can lower your HDL (good cholesterol) .

Also, smoking promote high cholesterol by lowering your HDL (good cholesterol). Genetic factors can contribute to high cholesterol (high cholesterol is also known as hypercholesterolemia) . People with inherited condition familial hypercholesterolemia have high LDL levels.






Other conditions that can result in high cholesterol levels are:

  1. Diabetes.
  2. Liver or kidney disease.
  3. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS).
  4. Pregnancy and other conditions that increases female hormones.
  5. Underactive thyroid gland.
  6. Drugs such as anabolic steroids, corticosteroids and progestins that increases LDL cholesterol and reduces HDL cholesterol.






What Are The Symptoms of High Cholesterol?

Often there are no symptoms that specifically relate to high cholesterol and most people don’t know it. If you have high cholesterol your body may store the extra cholesterol in your arteries. Your arteries are blood vessels that carry blood from your heart to other parts of the body. Build up of cholesterol in your arteries is known as plaque.



Overtime, plaque can become hard and make your arteries narrow. Large deposit of plaque can completely block an artery. Cholesterol plaques can also split often leading to formation of a blood clot that blocks the flow. If an artery that supplies blood to the muscle in your heart becomes blocked, you could have a heart attack. If an artery that supplies blood to your brain becomes blocked you could a stroke. Several people don’t discover they have high cholesterol until they suffer one of these life-threatening events.










What Are High Cholesterol Risk Factors?

Factors that can increase your risk of high cholesterol include:

(a) Poor diet.

(b) High blood pressure.

(c) Older age.

(d) Have an immediate family (parent or sibling) who has had heart disease.

(e) being overweight or obese.

(f) Inactivity (lack of exercise).

(g) Smoking and

(h) Diabetes.






How do you know if …?






How High Cholesterol Can Be Diagnosed

You can’t tell if you have high cholesterol without having it checked. A simple blood test will reveal your level of cholesterol.

You will be instructed not to eat or drink anything, except water for 14 hours before your blood is drawn. You shouldn’t drink alcohol for 48 hours before the test. During the procedure blood sample will be taken from a vein in your arm.

However, men who are 35 years of age and above should have their cholesterol checked. Men and women of 20 years of age and above who have risk factors for heart disease also have their cholesterol checked. Teens may need to be checked if they are taking certain medicines or have a strong family history of high cholesterol. ASK YOUR MEDICAL DOCTOR HOW OFTEN YOU WILL HAVE YOUR CHOLESTEROL CHECKED.

Read also: Insomnia Herbal Treatments







Are There Complications?

If high cholesterol (hypercholesterolemia) is not treated or properly treated it may result in dangerous accumulation of cholesterol and other deposits on the wall of your arteries (atherosclerosis). These deposits (plaques) can reduce flow of blood through your arteries that can cause complications such as:

  • Chest pain (angina).
  • Heart attack and
  • Stroke.






The Result?





The lipid profile test reports the levels of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood stream. The following are recommended ranges to assist you in maintaining optimal cholesterol levels.



Below 200 mg/dL


200 – 239 mg/dL

Borderline high

240 mg/dL and above




Below 70 mg/dL

Ideal for people at very high risk of heart disease.

100 – 129 mg/dL

Near ideal

130 – 159 mg/dL

Borderline high

160 – 189 mg/dL


190 mg/dL and above

Very high



Below 40 mg/dL (men)

Below 50 mg/dL (women)


50 – 59 mg/dL


60 mg/dL and above




Below 100 mg/dL


Below 150 mg/dL


150 – 199 mg/dL

Borderline high

200 – 499 mg/dL


500 mg/dL and above

Very high!







Why Does This Work?



Your body needs some cholesterol to Perform optimally but too much of it in your blood can stick to your arteries which narrows or block them putting your at risk of coronary artery disease or other heart diseases.

Adding certain foods, limiting consumption of particular foods and avoiding certain foods in your diet will enable YOU to maintain healthy cholesterol. They include:

  • Eating fresh fruits and vegetables that are rich in fiber, vitamins and antioxidants such as apple, avocado, strawberry, figs, grapes, citrus fruits, tomatoes, asparagus, cabbage, bananas, prunes.
  • Eat legumes such as lentils, white or kidney beans, Lima beans, chick peas.
  • Limit sodium (salt) in your diet to lower your risk of heart diseases.
  • Limit your consumption of alcohol, if you can’t avoid it. Alcohol add extra calories that lead to weight gain that can increase your risk of heart disease.
  • Eat foods that are rich in omega-3 fatty acids such as tuna, herring, sardines, walnuts, almonds. Omega-3 fatty acid foods won’t lower your LDL levels but it may raise HDL levels which may protect heart from blood clots and inflammation and reduce your risk of heart attack.
  • Limit or avoid consumption of caffeine. After 5 hours you drank  caffeine it contents will still remain in your system depending on how strong it is.
  • Limit consumption of yolk egg, organ meats, whole diary products, liver.
  • Consume healthy fats such as unsaturated oils such as olive oil, canola oil, sunflower oil, lean meats and nuts.
  • Avoid fried, processed foods and foods with added sugar.


In addition to diet, go for a walk. Aim for 30 minutes of exercise every day (it can be a trek). Doing this will help you to raise your HDL (good cholesterol).




This article is not meant to be a substitute to be a substitute to the service of a medical professional is urgently needed.





Are rich in soluble fibre and niacin. The soluble fibre help in binding excess cholesterol in the intestine. Niacin increases HDL (good cholesterol) production while reducing LDL (bad cholesterol) production. Thereby preventing the formation of plaques in the blood vessels. Drink 100 ml of Carrots juice mix with half tablespoon of

 fresh Turmeric juice (Ohuboboch, Nwandumo in Igbo; Iblue in Urhobo; Gigir in Tiv; Atale pupa in Yoruba; Kurkur in Hausa). Do it two times a day.


(2) FENUGREEK SEEDS (Hulba in Hausa; Eso Ewedu in Yoruba; Kerenkeren in Igbo; Ukpo Idooma in Idoma) Soak 2 tablespoons of dried Fenugreek seeds in 150 ml for 7 to 8 hours. Chew the seeds and drink the water in which the seeds was soaked upon it. After that take 1 tablespoon of Organic Pure Honey.

OR: Put 2 tablespoons of Fenugreek seeds in 300 ml cup of water. Boil it for 7 to 10 minutes. Allow it to cool down. Strain and drink. Do it two times a day.


(3) SPINACH (Toromon iganna, Amunututu, Egungun ori iganna in Yoruba; Allayyahu in Hausa; Gborongi in Igbo)

contains Lutein that provides layer of protection for the artery from being clogged as a result of accumulation of LDL (bad cholesterol). Drink 100 ml of fresh Spinach leaves juice mixed with

half tablespoon of Garlic (Tafarnuwa in Hausa; Alubosa ayu in Yoruba; Ayu, Ayo ishi in Igbo) pods paste. Do it two times a day.


(4) ALLIUM CEPA(Red onion in English; Alubosa onisu in Yoruba; Yabasi in Igbo; Albasa gudaji in Hausa; Alubarha in Edo; Oyim mbakara in Efik) contains high amount of quercetin that has effect in reducing bad LDL (bad cholesterol) by increasing the levels of good fat known as HDL (High Density Lipoprotein). Add RAW RED ONION in your diet.



blend Cabbage leaves into juice. Add 1/4 tablespoon of

Ginger juice (Chitta in Hausa; Jinja in Urhobo and Igbo; Atale in Yoruba) too 100 ml of Cabbage juice. Mix them together and drink.

OR: Eat raw Cabbage leaves with a piece of Ginger.

Do it two times a day.


(6) PSYLLIUM HUSK : Take 5 grams of Psyllium Husk with meals two times in a day.



(Efo Gbure, Gbure in Yoruba; Ebe dondon in Edo; Alenyruwa in Hausa; Ipi ape in Idoma; Nte oka in Igbo) Cut the fresh tender stems and leaves of Water leaves in to slices. Put them in blender and add little water.

After blending add half tablespoon of Onion Juice. Mix them together thoroughly with the green liquid. Drink 200 ml immediately after 10 minutes of preparation. Throw away the chaff.


(8) FIGS(Opoto in Yoruba; Farin baure in Hausa) contains fibre known as Pectin. This fibre permeate itself using metabolism system, it attempts to clean up residues wastes of cholesterol and bring them to excretory system to be pushed out from the body. Add Figs in your diet.



(Omi osan ganyin in Yoruba; Ruwa baba lemu in Hausa; Ekpe nkirisi in Igbo; Itie akpaenfi in Urhobo) is high in Citric acid is one of the best natural cleanser. It reduces LDL (bad cholesterol) levels in the body. Drink 50 ml Lemon juice on an empty stomach before breakfast and dinner.

OR: Boil Lemon peel in water. Drink 200 ml two times daily.


  (Eso abere in Yoruba; Otosu, Osu – Igwe in Igbo) After removing the cover of dried Hunteria Umbellata seeds, grind them in to powder. Put them in a steel container. Put hot water on it and allow it to remain for 12 hours. Take 5 ml two times a day.



contains glucoraphanin  and sulforaphane that enhance the production of good cholesterol (HDL) and reduces bad cholesterol (LDL) production. It also contains omega-3 fatty acids that prevent hardening of arteries. Mix 100 ml of Cauliflower juice with half tablespoon of

Onion Juice (Alubarha in Edo; Yabasi in Igbo; Alubosa in Yoruba; Albasa in Hausa) and

 1 pinch of Cayenne Pepper powder (Ata ijosin, Afriremon, Ilufemi in Yoruba; Barkono in Hausa; Ose oyinbo in Igbo). Mix them together thoroughly. Take it two times a day.


(12) OKRA / LADY FINGER(ila in Yoruba; Kubewa in Hausa; Okuru in Igbo; idu in Idoma) Obtain 3 sizeable Okra. Cut them in to slices, put everything including the sticky liquid in to a cup of 300 ml water. Cover the cup for 7 to 8 hours to avoid contamination. Strain and drink the the liquid content only. Throw away sliced pods. Do it two times a day.


(13) LIME JUICE(Ekpe nkirisi in Igbo; Ruwa lemu tsami, Kadanbuya in Hausa; Omi oronbo, Omi osan wewe in Yoruba; Evwe in Urhobo) contains hesperidin, a flavonoid that reduces LDL (bad cholesterol) and triglyceride in the body. Drink 100 ml of Lime juice two times a day.

OR: Boil Lime peels in water. Drink 200 ml of it tea infusion two times a day.


(14) GYMNEMA SLYVESTRE (Gymnema in English; Yaryadin in Hausa) mix half teaspoon of Gymnema Slyvestre leaf powder with 50 ml maize or corn porridge or pap and drink. Do it two times a day.



(Piya in Hausa; Eso pia in Yoruba; Ube oyinbo in Igbo) is high in fibre, potassium and healthy fats that help in keeping your body cholesterol under check by increasing HDL (good cholesterol) levels and reducing total bad cholesterol (LDL) levels. Eat Avocado regularly to get these benefits.


(16) Slice the following vegetables:

  • 2 Garden egg or Egg plant (Dauta, Yalo in Hausa; Ikan in Yoruba; Anara, Afufa in Igbo)

  • 2 Fresh Tomatoes
  • 2 pieces of carrots

Sprinkle 2 pinches of Cayenne Pepper powder (Ata ijosin, Ilufemi, ijeye, Afriremon in Yoruba; Ose oyinbo in Igbo; Barkono in Hausa) Do it once a day. Make sure you eat them RAW to get the best results.



(Almond in English; Oblonu beke in Idoma; Ofio in Yoruba) regular consumption of Almond help in increasing the High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels and reduces the Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) levels. Soak 5 to 7 Ripe Almond in water for 8 hours. Remove the flesh and eat. Drink the water in which the Almonds was soaked also.









We diligently research and continuesly update our information. Please let us know if you find any error(s).


Thank YOU!














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Catarrh Natural Remedies





Catarrh  is a build-up of mucus in an airway or the body cavity. Catarrh can also be defined as much thick phlegm or mucus in one of the airways or cavities of the body. Mucus is a natural product of the body and protects the body against infections by trapping germs in the nose, throat and airways of the lungs. There is an excellent system that produces a thin layer of mucus on those linings. The mucus is cleared from the lungs and sinuses by specialized cells with minute hairs that beat it away.




In this write-up, I’Il be sharing with YOU: what causes catarrh, symptoms and NATURAL REMEDIES.




You must be wondering:

What will you gain from reading this article?

Here are what you’ll gain; you’ll know

(a) About catarrh.

(b) What causes catarrh.

(c) Catarrh symptoms and








Now, let me me set the stage for this write-up…




When there’s infections, the lining responds by increasing it production of mucus. Also, it sends in great numbers of white cells to attack invading germs. This turns the normally clear mucus into mucus that is yellowish or greenish in colour by debris of Invaders and defenders that’s the discoloured mucus known as CATARRH, when they cough it up, blow it out or feel it dripping down the back of their throat.


Some people complain that the flow of mucus is continous or much, although what is in excess to one person may not be so with another person. Catarh is often temporary but some people experience it for months or years which is known as CHRONIC CATARRH.




What do you think CAUSES catarrh?


Catarrh is caused by the body’s natural defences, the immune system reacting to an infection or irritation. When this occurs, it sends white blood cells to the source of the infection or irritation, which then releases molecules that cause the mocous membranes to swell and produce mucus. The swelling also narrows the cavity further congestion and this catarrh can be clear and runny or thick and coloured.




But that’s not all…


For unknown reasons, some people have abnormally sensitive blood vessels that react to environmental triggers such as cigarette smoke and pollution. This causes the affected blood vessels to swell in a similar way to an infection or allergic reaction and it is this swelling that leads to congestion and catarrh known as vasomotor rhinitis or nonallergic rhinitis. Cigarette smoke and pollution are common triggers for this, with others including : perfume, alcohol, spicy foods, stress and changes in weather.






So far this write-up has examined causes of catarrh. Now, let me move on to the SYMPTOMS of catarrh.




The signs and symptoms of catarrh are:

  • Cracking sensation in the middle ear and temporary hearing loss.
  • Persistent cough.
  • Runny nose.
  • Constant need to clear your throat.
  • Headache or facial pain.
  • Reduced sense of smell and taste.
  • Feeling that your throat is blocked
  • Blocked or stuffy nose that you can’t clear and
  • Weariness.


However, catarrh can be frustrating to live with and may affects your sleep, making you feel tired. Consult your doctor, if your catarrh continue and it is making life difficult for you.





This article is not meant to be a substitute to where the services of medical professional is urgently needed.

You don’t want to miss the next part…





(1) TUMERIC (Iblue in Urhobo; Gigir in Tiv; Kurkur, Gangamau in Hausa; Atale pups in Yoruba; Ohuboboch, Nwandumo in Igbo) Boil half tablespoon of Tumeric in 300 ml water.


When it become cool add 2 tablespoons of Lime juice (Kadanbuya, Ruwa lemu tsami in Hausa; Omi osan wewe, Omi oronbo in Yoruba; Oroma nkirisi in Igbo; Evwe in Urhobo)

and take 1 tablespoon of ORGANIC PURE HONEY (Oyin igan Oyin gidi in Yoruba; Iyio in Tiv; Dorawa in Hausa; Zmanu in Igbo).

Mix them together and drink. Do it three times a day.


(2) BARLERIA PRIONITIS (Sin-kin-mini in Yoruba; Porcupine flower in English) prepare tea infusion of Barleria Prionitis leaves. Drink 200 ml of the tea infusion mix 1 tablespoon of Organic Pure Honey. Do it three times a day. Drink when it is lukewarm.

Or: Extract the juice of fresh Barleria Prionitis leaves. Take 2 tablespoons mix with Organic Pure Honey. Do it twice daily.


(3) Boil Guava leaves ( Gwaaba in Hausa; Igobe in Urhobo; Gorofa in Yoruba; Gova in Igbo) and Violet plant leaves (Ewe Karo in Yoruba) in water for 25 minutes. Drink 250 ml three times a day when it is lukewarm.

Guava Leaves


(4) Mix 2 pinches of Black Pepper (Masooroo in Hausa; Uziza, Uzize in Igbo; Ata iyere in Yoruba), half tablespoon of crushed Garlic pods (Tafarnuwa in Hausa; Ayuu in Igbo; Alubosa ayu in Yoruba) and and 1 tablespoon of Organic Pure Honey. Take it three times a day with lukewarm water.

Black Pepper






(5) Boil the following items in water:

(I) Fresh leaves of Bambusa Arundinaecea (Bamboo in English; Otosi in Igbo; Gora in Hausa; Kewe, Kewal in Fulfulde; Songough in Tiv; Okpo in Urhobo; Apaye, Oparun, Apala in Yoruba)


(II) Lemon Rind (Itie akpaenfi in Urhobo; Baba lemu in Hausa; Osan gayin in Yoruba; Oroma nkirisi in Igbo)


(III) 2 Ginger Rhizomes (Atale in Yoruba; Jinja in Urhobo & Igbo; Chitta in Hausa)





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Diabetes / High Blood Sugar (Hyperglycemia) Natural Treatments





Blood sugar control is at the center of any diabetes treatment plan. Hyperglycemia is a medical term for high blood sugar. Diabetes is a metabolic disease that causes blood sugar to rise because people suffering from diabetes either do not produce enough insulin or unable to properly utilize insulin. Insulin helps glucose from blood to enter muscle, brain, and liver cells. Where it is used to generate energy. When glucose build up in the blood, the cells become starved of energy. It can cause damage to your nerves, blood vessels and leading to other serious medical conditions.


The management or treatment of diabetes is focused on the following:

  • Regulating the metabolism of carbohydrates and so therefore, normal blood sugar levels.
  • Regulation of sugar absorption.
  • Stimulating secretion of insulin and
  • Regeneration of the beta cells of pancreas.


This write-up will focus on meaning of diabetes, types, causes, symptoms, complications, diets and NATURAL TREATMENTS.



And now you’re thinking:

How will this article benefit me?

You’ll know:

  1. The meaning of diabetes.
  2. Types of diabetes and risk factors.
  3. Cause of types of diabetes type I & II.
  4. Symptoms of type I and II diabetes.
  5. What each fast blood sugar level stand for.
  6. Importance of PANCREAS.
  7. How BETA CELLS functions can be improved.
  8. Complications that results from diabetes.
  9. Foods to eat and foods to avoid by diabetics people.
  10. How diabetes can be managed and






Hang on!








They are:

(1) Type 1 Diabetes: It is also known as juvenile diabetes, it occurs when the body fail to produce insulin. People with type I diabetes are insulin- dependent which means they must take artificial insulin to stay alive.

(2) Type II Diabetes: Unlike people with type I diabetes, people with type II diabetes produce insulin. However, the insulin their pancreas secretes is either not enough or the body is unable recognize the insulin and use it properly. When there is not enough insulin or the insulin is not used as it should be, glucose cannot get into the body cells.

(3) Gestational Diabetes: Is triggered by pregnancy. Hormone changes during pregnancy can affect insulin’s ability to  function properly. This occurs in approximately 4% of all pregnancies. Pregnant women have an increased risk of developing gestational diabetes in those who are 25 years old, above their normal body weight before pregnancy, have a family history of diabetes.

Screening for gestational diabetes is performed during pregnancy. Left untreated, gestational diabetes increases risk of complications to both the mother and her unborn child. Usually, blood glucose levels returns to normal within 6 weeks of childbirth. However, women who who have had gestational diabetes have an increased risk of developing diabetes type 2 later in life. A PREGNANT WOMAN suffering from gestational diabetes is strongly advise to see her MEDICAL DOCTOR.

(4) PreDiabetes : Doctors refers to some people as having pre-diabetes or borderline diabetes when blood sugar is usually in the range of 100 to 125 milligrams per deciliter (mm/dl). Normal blood sugar sit between 70 and 99 mg/dl, whereas a person with diabetes will have a fasting blood sugar higher than 126 mg/dl.

The pre diabetes level means that blood glucose is higher than usual but not so high as to constitute diabetes. People with prediabetes are  however, at risk of developing type 2 diabetes, although they don’t usually experience the symptoms of full diabetes.


Risk for Prediabetes and Type 2 Diabetes

The risk factors for prediabetes and types 2 diabetes are similar; they are:

  • Being overweight.
  • A family history of diabetes.
  • Having a high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels lower than 40 mg/dl or 50 mg/dl.
  • Having history of gestational diabetes or having birth to a child with a weight of more than 9 pounds.
  • A history of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS).
  • Being more than 45 years of age and
  • Living a sedentary  lifestyle.


If a doctor discovers that a person has prediabetes, he or she will recommend that such individual makes healthful changes that can ideally stop the progression of prediabetes to type 2 diabetes. Losing weight and having a more healthful diet can help prevent the disease.









Next is…



Causes of Type 1 Diabetes

The exact cause of type I diabetes is not known. What is known is that your immune system – that normally fight harmful bacteria or viruses – attacks and destroys your insulin – producing cells in the pancreas. This leaves you with little or no insulin. Instead of being moved into your cells, sugar builds up in your blood stream.

Type 1 diabetes is thought to be caused by a combination of genetic susceptibility and environmental factors, though what exactly cause those factors are still not clear. Weight is not believed to be a factor in type 1 diabetes.



Causes of Type II Diabetes

In type 2 diabetes, your cells become resistant to the action of insulin and your pancreas is unable to make enough insulin to overcome this resistance. Instead of moving into your cells where it’s needed for energy, sugar builds up in your blood stream. The cause of high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) include:

(a) Consumption of too much carbohydrates.

(b) Skip or forget to take your glucose lowering medication.

(c) Stress.

(d) Exercise less than usual.

(e) Old age.

(f) Have an infection.

(g) fatty foods and sugary foods.

(h) Being overweight : This is strongly linked to the development of type 2 diabetes but not everyone with type II diabetes is overweight.













Now this is important…


The symptoms of type one diabetes often happen suddenly and can be severe. They are:

  • Increased thirst.
  • Increased hunger (especially after eating).
  • Dry mouth.
  • Frequent urination
  • Unexplained weight (even though you are eating and feel hungry).
  • Fatigue (weak, tired feeling).
  • Blurred vision.
  • Laboured heavy breathing (Kussmaul respirations) and
  • Loss of conciousness (not common).



The symptoms of type 2 diabetes may be similar as those mentioned above. Most often, there are no symptoms or a very gradual development of the above symptoms. Other symptoms are:

(a) Slow healing sores or cuts.

(b) Itching of the skin (usually in the vagina or groin area).

(c) Yeast infection.

(d) Recent weight gain.

(e) Numbness or tingling of hands and feet.

(f) Impotence or erectile dysfunction.

(g) Ants feeding on your urine when you urinate (pee) in an open place or on the ground.

(h) Going to toilet always (diarrhea).

(i) Trouble concentrating and

(j) Unexplained loss of weight.




Want to Know What Each Blood Sugar Level Stand For?

A fasting blood sugar level that is less than 100 mg/dL (5.6 mmol/L) is NORMAL. A fasting blood sugar level from 100 to 125 mg/dL (5.6 to 6.9 mmol/L) is considered PRE DIABETES. If it is 126 mg/dL (7mmol/L) or higher in two separate tests, you have DIABETES. Blood sugar levels below 70 mg/dL can indicate HYPOGLYCEMIA (low blood sugar) which can be life – threatening, if such individual doesn’t receive treatment that will aim on returning blood to safe levels.



How Important is YOUR Pancreas?

We hardly think of pancreas as a vital organ of the endocrine. Unless, it begin to cause a problem. Pancreas have two important functions. They are:

  1. Produce insulin for the control of blood sugar and
  2. Create enzymes for metabolism of fats and proteins.

Malfunction pancreas could result in various problems, of which the most common is DIABETES. Infact, pancreatitis, pancreatic cancer and trauma can all harm the BETA CELLS or make the less able to produce insulin, resulting in diabetes. If damaged pancreas is removed, diabetes will occur. YOU want to know why? It is because of the loss of beta cells.


 How Do YOU Improve YOUR Beta Cells Function?

The primary function of beta cells in your pancreas is to store and release insulin. Insulin is the hormone that assist your body to utilize glucose – which is the building block of carbohydrates and your body primary energy source. When beta cells fail to function properly, your body cannot uptake glucose effectively, trapping large amounts of glucose in your blood – metabolic state known as HYPERGLYCEMIA, that is, high blood sugar.

However, visceral fat is located in your abdomen and surround your liver, stomach and intestines. VISCERAL FAT CAUSES POT BELLY which increases your chances of high blood pressure, insulin resistance, and increase your risk of chronic diseases such as heart diseases, type 2 diabetes, various cancers and Alzheimer’s disease.


Furthermore, sub – cutaneous fat have weaker correlation with chronic diseases. Higher sugar levels cause result in high insulin levels that can cause the destruction of beta cells that causes high blood sugar levels.


Insulin resistance is the main cause of both prediabetes and type 2 diabetes which is a condition that desensitize both your muscle and liver to the action of insulin. Overtime, several people with type II diabetes ends up damaging beta cells function, resulting in insufficient production of insulin. The main cause of beta cells dysfunction is the accumulation of fat inside your liver and muscle. When your muscle and liver become insulin resistant you do the following:

  1. Reduce your insulin resistance by eating low fat, plant based and whole grain food diet.
  2. Or injecting yourself with insulin.


Also, eating a diet that limit stress on your insulin producing beta cells can help you to prevent or manage diabetes. Beta cells in your pancreas respond to high blood glucose by producing more and more insulin and your body may become more resistant to this important hormone. You can help prevent insulin resistance and protect your beta cells by avoiding foods that can quickly raise your blood sugar levels. Eat more of foods that allow your blood sugar levels to rise slowly.










The problem is…


Diabetes is a serious, chronic condition that is one of the leading cause of death worldwide. While diabetes itself is manageable, it’s complications can severely impact on daily living and some can be fatal, if not treated immediately.  Diabetes complications are:

  • Dental and gum diseases.
  • Eye problems and loss of sight.
  • Foot problems including numbness, leading to ulcers and untreated cut and injuries.
  • Heart disease.
  • Nerve damage such as diabetic neuropathy.
  • Stroke and
  • Kidney disease.

In the case of kidney diseases, this complication can result in kidney failure, water retention when body doesn’t dispose of water correctly and an individual an individual experiencing difficulties with bladder control. Regular monitoring of blood glucose levels and moderating glucose intake can assist people to prevent damaging complications of type 2 diabetes. For those with type 1 diabetes, taking insulin is the only way to moderate and control the effects of the condition.




What exactly is diabetic diet?

Diabetic diet deals with eating healthy foods at regular time of the day that can prevent abnormal spikes in blood sugar and make sure that your body can properly utilize the insulin it produces. Of great importance is the concept of Glycemic Index (GI). Glycemic index is the food ability to raise blood sugar level two (2) hours after consumption of foods that are rich in carbohydrate.


A low glycemic index (less than 55) means that the carbohydrate in those foods are absorbed slowly which can be helpful for the body to better manage post – meal changes food that have greater glycemic index (greater than 70) raise blood sugar levels more quickly. Low glycemic index carbohydrates foods are cereals, starchy vegetables, legumes and most fruits that are known as functional foods as a result of their beneficial effects on individual health and well-being.


Diabetic diets include:

(a) Fibre rich foods: Dietary fiber can control the rate at which the insulin and glucose are released into the blood stream. Eg broccoli, avocado, quinoa, lentil, oats, chia seeds, coconuts, bananas, carrots, almonds, flax seeds, okra, white beans.

(b) Nuts and Seeds: Are low in sugar, high in dietary fiber and rich in certain antioxidants that can bring down body cholesterol levels and regulate blood sugar. Examples of seeds are: benni (sesame), flax, chia, fenugreek and pumpkin. While examples of nuts include boiled peanut (ground nut) with no salt, almond, walnuts, pistachios, hazelnuts, cashew nuts. Nuts are packed with lot minerals and vitamins including vitamin E and magnesium. Eating of nuts may help reduce risk factors associated with several chronic diseases and diabetes.

(c) Starchy Vegetables: Starchy vegetables that contains COMPLEX CARBOHYDRATES that break down slowly thereby preventing sudden spikes and fall blood sugar levels. Good examples include: water yam, cocoyam, and Irish potatoes.

(d) Low Glycemic Index Fruits: Are fruit which contain carbohydrates and starches that break down slowly that are of benefit to the body and prevent quick rise in blood sugar levels. Good examples are : pears, oranges,dates, unripe plantains, unripe pawpaw (papaya), cherries, African star apple, strawberry, plum, lime, lemon, nectarines, peach, prunes.

(e) Whole Grain Foods: Are sources of dietary fiber that regulates the release of insulin and glucose spreading it out evenly for a long period of time that prevents sudden rise in blood glucose levels. Examples include: soy (soya) beans, wheat, millet, sorghum, white beans.

(f) Lean Meats: Fatty fish such as tuna, sardines, salmon, mackerel, et cetra that are rich in omega-3 fatty acid that lower bad cholesterol. Free range chicken and free turkey are good choices.

(g) Healthy Fats: Consumption of healthy fat such as poly unsaturated and mono saturated fat help to lower raised blood sugar levels and put diabetes under control when add in your diet in moderation. Good examples include: coconut oil, red oil, extra virgin olive oil.










If you are following a strict diabetic diet. You should avoid foods high in starch (that’s simple carbohydrate or eat them in moderation), red meat, whole milk, processed or fast foods, sugary drinks. Other foods to avoid are foods high in sodium (SALT) saturated fats, caffeinated drinks, foods high in cholesterol, trans fats, white bread, fried foods and excess food preservatives or excess condiments.


If you must consume these these foods, eat them in moderation because they block the arteries, lead to cardiovascular problems, OBESITY, high blood pressure , and may raise raise your blood sugar levels and disrupt insulin process.

As a diabetic patient avoid staying idle. Exercise your body regularly to regulate the insulin in your blood stream. Eliminating excess calories and foods high in fat are excellent ways to monitor your blood sugar, together with cutting down overall consumption of simple carbohydrates (starch) that are basically sugars that breakdown into glucose in the body.

In addition, to eating the right foods, you must eat them at the proper time of the day and they must be evenly spaced out which is vital for people with type II diabetes. As the proper diabetes diet will allow your body to effectively utilize the insulin that your body produces.


Then, how is diabetes managed?

Presently diabetes cannot be cured but it can be treated and controlled. The goals of diabetes management are to:

  1. Keep your blood glucose levels as near to normal as much as possible by balancing food eating with medication and activity (that is, not staying idle).
  2. Maintain your blood cholesterol and triglyceride (lipid) levels as near their normal ranges as possible by reducing total amount of fat to 30 % or less of your daily total calories by decreasing saturated fat and cholesterol.
  3. Control your blood pressure. Your blood pressure shouldn’t go over 130/80.
  4. Slow or possibly prevent the development of diabetes – related health problems.


Furthermore, you hold the key to managing your diabetes by :

  • Planning what you eat and following a balanced diet.
  • Exercising regularly, even if it is walking.
  • Taking medicine, if prescribed and closely following guidelines on how and when to take it.
  • Monitoring your blood glucose and blood pressure at home and
  • Keeping your appointment with you health care provider(s) and going for laboratory test as directed by your doctor.

Always remember that what you do at home every day affects your blood glucose levels more than what your doctor can do every few weeks or months during your check-ups.












This write-up is not meant to be a substitute to where the services of a medical professional is urgently.



Always monitor your blood glucose levels, eat the right diets, adjust your medication accordingly. It is better to start your diabetes medication from lower to smaller dose.










(1) OKRA / OKRO ( Lady Finger in English; ila in Yoruba; Okwuru in Igbo; idu in Idoma; Kubewa in Hausa) Get 2 sizeable Okra pods, cut off their heads. Put the sliced Okra with it sticky liquid (slime) in cup of 300 ml water. Cover it for 7 to 8 hours overnight to avoid contamination. In the morning take out the the pods and drink the water in the cup on an empty stomach. Okra water regulate blood sugar levels that cooked one. Do it everyday to regulate raised blood sugar levels. If it is severe take it before evening meal too.


(2) FENUGREEK (Ewedu in Yoruba; Hulba in Hausa; Kerenkeren in Igbo; Idooma in Idoma) Blend the fresh leaves of Fenugreek in water. Take 150 ml of the juice two times a day.

OR: Take 1 tablespoon of Fenugreek seeds powder with water two times a day.


(3) ALOE VERA (Ebube agu in Igbo; Tinya in Hausa; Ahon Erin in Yoruba) Take 1 tablespoon of Aloe Vera leaf juice or gel after ever meal with water.


Aloe Vera contains laxative properties, if it purges you stop taking it.


(4) IVY GOURD (Gurjin daaji in Hausa; Apa igbo, Ewe ero in Yoruba) Consume one Ivy Gourd every day.

(5) ORANGE (Lemu in Hausa; Sokoro in Efik; Oroma in Igbo; Osan didun in Yoruba) Drink fresh natural Orange Juice daily with no added sugar.


(6) MILLET / GUINEA CORN (Okababa in Yoruba; Igu in Idoma; Dawa in Hausa) Millet contains good amount of magnesium that aids the body to use insulin produce efficiently and help to regulate blood sugar. Prepare pap of Guinea corn or Millet porridge and take it always early in the morning before breakfast.

(7) MIMOSA PUDICA (Kparochuku, Kpakochuku in Igbo; Ewe Patanmon, Ewe Padimon in Yoruba; Mata gara kafa in Hausa; Enada abapa olutu kla in Idoma) Grind shade dried Mimosa Pudica leaves into powder. Take 1 tablespoon with water two times a day.

OR: Take 3 tablespoons of fresh Mimosa Pudica leaves juice twice a day.


(8) AZADIRACHTA INDICA (Neem in English; Aforo Oyinbo, Ewe cassia in Yoruba; Ogwu akom in Igbo; Bedi, Ko Dongoyaro in Hausa) Chew 5 fresh Neem leaves with water two times a day.

OR: Take 1 tablespoon of  Neem leaves juice on empty stomach in the morning and at night before meal.

OR: Prepare tea decoction of fresh Neem leaves. Drink 150 ml two times a day.


(9) ACACIA NILOTICA (Bargaruwa in Hausa; Booni in Yoruba) Chew some gum of Acacia Nilotica gum.






(10) PSYLLIUM HUSK : Take 1 teaspoon of Psyllium husk powder two times a day daily with meal. Psyllium husk regulates blood sugar with the aid of forming fibers to slow down process of digestion.


(11) MISTLETOE (Afomo isana in Yoruba) Prepare tea infusion of Mistletoe leaves. Pour the tea in a flask after boiling. Drink 200 ml two times a day.


The stronger the tea decoction, the more effective it will be.


(12) DISCOREA ALATA (Water yam in English; Isi ovuna in Idoma; Dem pwen in Berom; Arunfanfan, Isu ewura in Yoruba; Agbo tsabagbu a in Tiv; Akenodo in Urhobo; Wura in Nupe; Igiorua, Udin in Edo; Bakar dooyaa, Jikin mutum, Sakataa in Hausa; Abire in Ibibio; Ji – m bala m bala, Ji – abana, Ngbede, Onoko in Igbo; Iyo ro buru in Ijo-Izon) water contains dietary fiber that help to stabilize digestion rate and regulate blood sugar levels in individuals with diabetes. Include boiled or roasted water yam to your diet.


Avoid fried water because it contains less nutrients and can raise your blood pressure.

(13) PLANTAINS LEAVES : Prepare tea infusion of shade dried leaves of Plantain leaves. Drink 250 ml two times a day.


(14) WATERMELON SEEDS : Boil 3 handfuls of Watermelon seeds in water. Strain it and pour the water in a flask. Drink 250 ml two times a day.

OR: Chew 2 tablespoons of Watermelon seeds three times a day.


Avoid the watermelon pulp because it contains diuretic properties that will make to urinate excessively and raise your blood sugar levels.


(15) CLOVES (Kanafuru in Yoruba; Kanumfari in Hausa) It contains properties that improves blood glucose levels. Chew 2 pieces of Cloves twice daily with water.


(16) INSULIN PLANT : Assist in boosting of production of Insulin naturally by activating beta cells of pancreas. Chew 1 to 2 leaf(or leaves) of insulin plant every morning.


(17) RED CABBAGE JUICE: The natural red pigment in Red Cabbage contains Betalians that assist in lowering high blood sugar levels and boost production of insulin. Take 150 ml of Red Cabbage juice two times a day. You can also add raw Red Cabbage in your diet.


(18) TINOSPORIA CORDIFOLIA (Epa ikun Yoruba) Prepare tea infusion of Tinosporia Cordifolia. Drink 30 ml two times a day.


(19) COLOCASIA ESCULENTA (Cocoyam in English; Koko in Itsekiri; Jwe pwen, Jwe sunan in Berom; Agbaha in Idoma; Ukovuvu in Degema; Iyokho in Edo; Eka – Ikpo in Annang; Kolokass in Arabic; Bonntore, Bonntoje in Fula-Fulfulde; Goojare, Meeroore Fulfulde in Gwari; Ikpon in Ibibio; Gwaazaa, Gwaazaa Mai Gudaji in Hausa; Ede oyinbo, Ede Osi li, Akasi ite in Igbo; Odu, Lodu in Izon; Ata m kpo in Efik; Okile in Epie; Udu in Urhobo; Isu Koko in Yoruba) It contains isoleucine that is a protein which regulate blood sugar, increases muscles strength and energy levels. Add boiled or roasted Cocoyam to your diet.


(20) CAYENNE PEPPER (Apoko eeke in Idoma; Ata ijosin, Ilufemi, ijeye, Afriremon in Yoruba; Barkono in Hausa; Ose oyinbo in Igbo) Inclusion of this Pepper in diet will help to treat and prevent diabetes. This pepper also enhances insulin response to blood sugar flunctuation.


(21) MORMORDICA CHARANTIA (Bitter gourd, Bitter melon in English; Garahanu in Mbula; Ndakdi in Dera; Dagdaggi in Fula-Fulfulde; Hashinashiap in Gomai; Daddagu in Hausa; iliahia in Igala; Akban Ndene, Okwunuolo in Igbo; Dagdagoo in Kanuri; Akara aje, Ejinrin nla, Ejirin weewe, Ejirin weere, Igbole Aja in Yoruba) take 2 tablespoons of fresh Mormordica charantia juice two times a day. Taking the fresh juice 30 minutes before your breakfast not only lower your blood sugar levels. It will also take of complications such as needle and pin sensations, visual defects  and other conditions linked with diabetes.


(22) BANANA FLOWERS (Ododo Ogede tutu in Yoruba) Obtain 5 Banana 5 flowers. Take the yellow part and white bulb. Wash them with clean water. Cut them in to slices. Eat three times a day.


(23) BLACK PEPPER (Masooroo in Hausa; Ata iyere in Yoruba; Uzize, Uziza in Igbo) Include Black Pepper in your diet.

(24) CASSIA Occidentalis (Aborere, Asundegbe, Papala omode in Yoruba; Tafasaar Masar in Hausa) Prepare tea infusion of of Cassia Occidentalis. Drink 100 ml twice daily.

OR: Extract the juice from the fresh leaves of Cassia Occidentalis. Take 2 tablespoons two times a day.


(25) GYMNEMA SLYVESTRE (Hyena Bone in English; Yardin Kura in Hausa) It help the muscles to absorb sugar from the blood stream better. Take half tablespoon of Gymnema Slyvestre leaf powder two times a day.

OR: Prepare tea decoction of fresh Gymnema Slyvestre leaves. Take 100 ml two times a day.


(26) STAR APPLE / AFRICAN CHERRY (Otien in Edo; Ibi in Idoma; Agbalumon in Yoruba; Ehya in Igala; Udala, Udara in Igbo; Agbaluba in Hausa; Eha in Ebira; Utieaga dava in Urhobo) Make tea infusion of root or bark of Star Apple or African Cherry. Drink 200 ml twice a day.

OR: You can also add it fruit in your diet as well. Whenever you eat the fruit always eat fruit skin together with the pulp because it contains lot of nutrients.


(27) Grind shade dried leaves of both Gymnema Slyvestre and Azadirachta Indica into powder. Take 1/4 tablespoon two times a day.


(28) Dry the following leaves plant under the shade:

Cashew, Mango and Cocoyam leaves. Prepare tea infusion of the mentioned leaves. Drink 200 ml three times a day.

Cashew Leaves

Mango Leaves

Cocoyam Leaves


(29) PLANTAIN ROOT JUICE: Plantain root juice provides great hope for diabetes. Take 2 tablespoons of Plantain root juice two times a day. If the case is severe, take 2 tablespoons three times a day.



(Osu in Edo; Abere in Yoruba; Mkpokiri, Otosu, Osu – Igwe in Igbo) Obtain dried seeds of Hunteria Umbellata. Remove the cover. Grind the seeds into powder. Soak the powder in 900 ml of Coconut water 

(Omi agbon in Yoruba; Ruwa Kwankwar in Hausa; Ame kokodia in Urhobo; Mmri Aki beke in Igbo) for 12 hours. Take 2 tablespoons two times a day before or after meals.


(31) Bark of Detarium microcarpum (Taura in Hausa; Ofo in Igbo; Egbo Ogbogbo in Yoruba), Root and bark of Scoparia dulcis (Sweet broom weed in English; Aiya in Igbo; Roma – fada in Hausa; Mesen – mesen gogoro in Yoruba) Boil the combination of the herbs in water. Drink 150 ml two times a day.


(32) WATER LEAF (Nte oka in Igbo; Ipi ape in Idoma; Gbure in Yoruba; Alenyruwa in Hausa; Ebe dondon in Edo) regulate blood sugar levels due to it essential minerals contents and high dietary fiber that assist in slowing down digestion and conversion of carbohydrates to complex starch. Prepare Water Leaf juice by cutting one or two handful(s) of water leaves and it tender stems in to slices. Squeeze in water or blend by using blender. Take 200 ml of the green liquid immediately after preparation. Throw away the chaff. Do it two times a day.


(33) Bark of Tamarind Indica (Tamarind in English; Icheku in Igbo; Awin in Yoruba) and Morida Lucinda leaves (Oruwo in Yoruba; Eze ogu in Igbo; Ufu Ogile in Igede) put them together in pot with water. Boil for 30 minutes, take 200 ml two times a day.


(34) Africa bread fruit leaves (Ukwa in Igbo; Afon in Yoruba; Ize in Benin; Ediang in Efik; Jekri, Sobo, Izea in Ijaw), Bush buck leaves (Utazi in Igbo; Arokeke in Yoruba) and Sand Paper tree leaves (Ewe eepin in Yoruba) Boil the herbs in water. Drink 150 ml twice a day.


(35) Securdiaca longedum (Violet tree bark in English; Epo ipeta in Yoruba) Cut the bark into shred. Put 2 handfuls of Securdiaca longedum bark in 5 liters water.


Add little potash (Kahun in Yoruba; Kanwa in Hausa) and 200 ml of lime juice

(Omi oronbo, Omi osan wewe in Yoruba; Ekpe nkirisi in Igbo; Ruwa lemu tsami, Kadanbuya in Hausa; Evwe in Urhobo). Put them in plastic container. Shake them together. After hour of preparation. You can start taking it. Drink it 150 ml two times a day.

(36) Obtain enough quantities of fresh Fluted Pumpkin leaves

(Ugu in Igbo; Ikong – Ubong in Efik; Origo in Idoma),

Amygdalina fresh leaves

(Bitter leaf in English; Onugbo in Igbo; Olugbo in Idoma; Shuwakar in Hausa; Etidot in Ibibio; Chusar – doki in Hausa)

 and Ocimum Gratissimum fresh leaves (Scent leaf, Basil leaf in English; Daiddoya in Hausa; Nchuanwu, Arigbe in Igbo; Ewe Effinrin tutu in Yoruba; Kunguleko in Tiv) Blend all the leaves together in water in a big bowl. Sieve and pour the liquid in a gallon. Keep it in refrigerator. Take 200 ml three times a day.


The more concentrated the decoction is, the more effective it will be.






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