Malaria treatment is aim at rapid and complete elimination of the plasmodium parasite from the patient blood in order to prevent progression of uncomplicated malaria to severe disease or death and to chronic infection that leads to malaria related anemia. Every year approximately 210 million people are infected with malaria, and about 440,000 people die from the disease. Most of those who die from the disease are young children in Africa.
Malaria is a serious or fatal disease spread by mosquitoes and caused by mosquito parasite. This illness occurs with flu-like symptoms which include fever and chills. It is rampant in the continent of Africa and also in over 100 countries.
This article seeks to analyze malaria life cycle, symptoms, prevention and malaria treatment.
These are what you will gain from this write-up; you’ll know:
- Malaria life cycle and incubation.
- How malaria can be contagious.
- Uncomplicated and complicated malaria symptoms.
- How malaria can be prevented
- How proper diet intake can quicken your recovery, what you must avoid and
- Malaria treatment.
So let’s now dive in…
I’ll begin by explaining the life cycle of malaria and proceed on to how malaria can be contagious.
Malaria Life Cycle
The parasite begin life cycle when the Female Anopheles mosquito carries the parasitic (plasmodium). The plasmodium parasite are of different subspecies with different symptoms, responding to different treatments. The parasite travel to human liver to develop and multiply, after it travels to the blood stream to infect and destroys the red blood cells.
The mosquito specie determines the incubation period, however there are many species.
Can malaria be contagious?
Except for the conditions below: malaria is not known to be contagious (transferred from one person to person). This rarely happen and usually occur in a transmission from the mother to unborn child (congenital malaria), by blood transfusion or when intravenous drug users shares needles.
Having explained malaria life cycle and when malaria can be contagious. Let proceed to it various symptoms and how malaria can be prevented.
Malaria has a wide range of symptoms after the bite by the infected mosquito which occurs and can take between 7 and 30 days (average is 7 and 15 days) before symptoms (incubation period). It is divided into uncomplicated and complicated or severe (serious) symptoms. Again, some types of malaria parasites can lie dormant in your body for up to a year.
Malaria uncomplicated symptoms are:
- fever and chills.
- vomiting and
- general weakness of the body and body aches.
The classic description of malaria symptom that are rarely noticed would be a 6 to 12 hours period of cold and shivering alternating with fever, headaches and then a stage of sweating and tiredness which is sometime divided into cold and hot stage.
Complicated or severe (serious) malaria occurs:
- when different body system are affected by malaria
- severe anemia (as a result of red blood cells destruction).
- kidney failure.
- unconsciousness or abnormal behavior.
- cardiovascular collapse and
- low blood sugar (in pregnant women).
The preventive measures are:
- Sleeping under mosquito treated nets.
- Apply insect repellent to every exposed areas of the skin.
- Wearing of clothing that prevent the exposed areas of the body from mosquito bites and
- Apply mosquito insecticide to room or houses.
Having explained how you can prevent mosquito, it is reasonable to look at diet that quicken your recovery and what to avoid.
Diets: Malaria Treatment
During malaria a proper diet intake consumption helps alot. The patient should consume diet that strengthens the immune system without putting much stress on kidney, liver and digestive system. It is also better for malaria patient to eat smaller meals throughout the day.
- INCREASE FLUID CONSUMPTION: During the period of malaria the patient experiences loss of appetite. To compensate for this, it is vital to drink coconut water, fresh fruit juices such as pawpaw (papaya), apples, mangoes, oranges, grapes, grapefruits, lemon, beets/beet roots, other citrus fruits and watermelon seeds.
- VITAMIN B COMPLEX are important to people suffering from malaria.
- CONSUME FAT IN MODERATION: in everything moderation is important. Eating fried foods, processed foods, junk oily and spicy foods can worsen nausea and can disturb the process of digestion in the body.
- DURING THE PROCESS of recovery from malaria the patient should consume vegetables, little amount of red meat, and fish to provide the body with necessary protein to repair and build the body tissues.
- IRON RICH FOODS are of benefits to malaria patient.
- Malaria patient should avoid tea, coffee, alcohol, too much of condiments and any kinds of caffeinated drinks.
Read also: Bacterial Vaginosis Treatment
In the next section I’ll explain available malaria treatment.
This write-up is not meant to be a substitute to where the services of a medical expert is urgently needed.
1. Orange (Osan didun in Yoruba; Alemu in Idoma; Sokoro in Efik; Oroma in Igbo; Lemu in Hausa; Alum in Tiv) contains vitamin C that boosts immune system incredibly which aids in malaria treatments. Drink 200 ml of fresh orange juice three times a day.
OR: Take 3 to 4 Orange balls three times in a day for malaria treatment.
2. Momordica Charantia (Balsam pear, Bitter goured in English; Okwunuolo in Igbo; Daddasu in Hausa; Ejirin wewe in Yoruba) prepare tea decoction of Momordica Charantia leaves. Drink 150 ml thrice daily for malaria treatment.
3. Occimum Gratissimum (Basil plant, scent leaf in English; Daddoya in Hausa; Ayeneba in Idoma; Ira in Urhobo; Ebavbokho in Bini; Effinrin in Yoruba; Arigbe, Nchuanwu in Igbo) chew 5 fresh Scent leaves with water 2 times in a day. Or : Prepare scent leaves tea infusion. Drink 200 ml three times in a day for malaria treatment.
4. AZADIRACHTA INDICA (Neem in English; Dongoyaro, Bedi, Ko, in Hausa; Cassia in Yoruba; Ogwu akom in Igbo) chew 5 fresh Neem leaves twice in a day with water.
Or: Prepare fresh Neem leaves or bark tea decoction for malaria treatment.
Or: Apply Neem essential oil on exposed part of your body to drive away mosquitoes.
5. Ginger (Atale in Yoruba: Jinja in Igbo; Chitta in Hausa) put 1/4 (one-quarter)
of Ginger in 200 ml hot water together with 1 tablespoon of organic pure honey
and 2 tablespoons of Lime juice (Omi osan wewe, Omi oronbo in Yoruba; Ruwa lemu tsami in Hausa; Oroma nkirisi in Igbo)
Mix them together thoroughly and drink when it is lukewarm. Do it twice daily for malaria treatment.
6. Obtain equal quantities of Nauclea Latifolia leaves (Marga in Hausa; Egbesi in Yoruba; Mbitinu, Uburu in Igbo), Roots of Morinda Lucida (Brimstone tree in English; Eze ogu, Njisi in Igbo; Oruwo in Yoruba) and Alligator Pepper leaves(Ose oji in Igbo; Ewe atare in Yoruba; Gydanda Marayaji in Hausa; Ehin ado in Edo; Erhie in Urhobo) boil all the items mentioned above in water for 30 to 35 minutes. Drink 200 ml three times a day for malaria treatment.
A bunch of Cloves (Kanafuru in Yoruba; Kanumfari in Hausa)
18 leaves of Gongronema Latifolium (Arokeke in Yoruba; Utazi in Igbo)
5 big bulbs of red onions (Yabasi in Igbo; Albasa in Hausa; Alubosa in Yoruba)
Slices of 10 limes (Oronbo, Osan wewe in Yoruba; Ekpe nkirisi in Igbo; Lemu tsami in Hausa)
Lemon Grass (Achi-beke in Idoma; Koriko oba in Yoruba; Achara ehi in Igbo; Maina tsauri in Hausa; ikon eti in in Efik)
Slices of 5 Lemon (Lemonu, Ekpe nkirisi in Igbo; Osan ganyin in Yoruba; Baba Lemu in Hausa; Itie akpaenfi in Urhobo)
15 leaves of African Black Pepper (Uziza in Igbo; Masooroo in Hausa; Ata iyere in Yoruba)
1 or 2 fruts Unripe Carica Papaya (Papaya, Pawpaw in English; Ibepe dudu in Yoruba; Gwanda in Hausa; Ojo, Okpurukwa in Igbo) that had been cut into pieces.
30 pods of fresh Garlics (Tafarnuwa in Hausa; Ayuu in Igbo; Tafarnuwa in Hausa)
10 fingers of Gingers (Chitta in Hausa; Atale in Yoruba; Jinja in Igbo)
Xylopia Aethiopica (Uda in Igbo; Eru alamon in Yoruba; Kimba in Hausa)
Cut the sliceable items into slices. Put everything in the pot that contains water. Once it is boil to the extent, it water changes colour. Bring down the pot. Take 200 ml Three times a day for malaria treatment.
The next time you boil it, if the water (liquid) content had been exhausted add another water. BOIL and don’t COOK! If you cook it will destroy the active properties of the herbs.