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Anemia treatment goal is to restore the blood lack in your body. Anemia treatment depends on the type, causes and how serious, the anemia. It is estimated that as much 25 percent of the world population suffers from anemia without even knowing it. This may affect people quality of life. Also, some estimates suggest that around one in five women menstruating and one and half of all pregnant women are anemic. Anemia means that either the level of haemoglobin is lower than normal which deprived the body of adequate oxygen. Anemia is not a disease in itself but a result of malfunction somewhere in the body.

Iron deficiency is most common cause of anemia. Anemia is a deficiency in the number or quality of red blood cells. The red blood cells carry oxygen around the body, using a particular protein known as HAEMOGLOBIN. When a person is anaemic their heart has to work harder to pump the quality of blood needed to get adequate oxygen around their body. During heavy exercise, the cells may not be able to meet the body needs and the person can become exhausted.

Before getting to the meat of this  write-up. Let me quickly point out: This article will analyze the causes, symptoms,types, those at risk, how it can be prevented and treatment for anemia.

These are what you’ll benefit from reading this article; It will enable you to know: 

  1. The causes of anemia.
  2. Various types of anemia.
  3. Anemia signs and symptoms.
  4. People at risk of anemia.
  5. How anemia can be prevented and
  6. Anemia Treatment.

Now let me set the stage for this article!

I’ll start by explaining the CAUSES and TYPES of anemia.

What are the causes of anaemia?

  • Dietary deficiency
  • Malabsorption
  • Inherited disorders such as sickle cell disease and thalassemia.
  • Autoimmune disorders.
  • Chronic diseases such as tuberculosis and rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Hormone disorders.
  • Bone marrow disorders.
  • Blood loss.
  • Infections such as malaria and septicaemia.
  • Period of rapid growth or high energy requirements such as puberty or pregnancy.
  • Drugs.
  • Alcohol and
  • Medication.

What are the types of anemia?

Kinds of anemia are:

1. Sickle Cell Anemia: It is a serious condition whereby a defective haemoglobin produces abnormal shaped red blood cells. The red blood cells die prematurely that result in chronic condition.

2. Chronic Disease Anemia: Rheumatoid arthritis, HIV/AIDS, cancer may affect red blood cells production that may result in chronic anemia.

3. Iron Deficiency Anemia: Iron is needed in production of haemoglobin. It occurs as a result of shortage of iron in the body.

4. Aplastic Anemia: occurs when the bone marrow fails to produce healthy red blood cells that may be caused by an auto immune disorder. It is a rare type of Anemia.

5. Vitamin Deficiency Anemia:  Lack of vitamin B12 and Folate in the diet may lead to vitamin deficiency anemia. These nutrients are vital in the production of red blood cells.

Having explained the causes and various types of anaemia. Let’s move on to signs and people at risk of anemia.

Anaemia Signs or Symptoms

Anemia Treatment

Based on the severity, it signs and symptoms are:

  • Strange food cravings.
  • Loss of memory.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Cracked or reddened tongue.
  • Pale skin.
  • Weakness.
  • Tiring easily.
  • Frequent headaches.
  • Racing heart or palpitations.
  • Loss of concentration.
  • Dizziness.
  • Loss of libido.
  • Digestive problems.
  • Chronic joint pain and
  • Intra muscular pain.

Want to know groups at risk?

They include:

  1. Breast feeding women.
  2. Athletes.
  3. People on fad diets.
  4.  Stomach ulcers patient
  5. Some chronic diseases.
  6. Vegetarian.
  7. Children going through puberty.
  8. Menstruating women and
  9. Babies especially premature ones.

Before proceeding to examine available anemia treatment. Let examine how it can be prevented.

How can you prevent anemia?

Some forms of anemia can’t be be prevented because they are caused by a breakdown in the cell making process. Anemia caused by dietary deficiency can be prevented by making sure certain foods are consumed regularly for instance,

  • Eggs.
  • Cow liver.
  • Lean meats.
  • Nuts.
  • Legumes.
  • Fresh fruits and
  • Vegetables rich in beta carotene.

Most of the time anemia can be treated with appropriate dietary intervention by consuming foods rich in minerals and vitamins that promote the synthesis of red blood cells. You should be able to reverse the condition and enjoy improved health and vitality. Since there are no reliable sources for vitamin B12, vegetarians and vegans are strongly advised to take supplement. Take iron supplement only when advised by your medical doctor. The human body is not good at excreting iron and you could poison yourself, if you take iron more than the recommended dose.

Next is Anemia Treatment!

Do consult your doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment of this condition. Use natural treatment just as an adjunct treatment.

Anemia Treatment

1. Stinging Neetle (Ewe esin-sin, Ewe Esisi in Yoruba; Osokporode in Urhobo; Agbara, Akwu in Igbo) This plant is rich in iron, vitamin A,B,C, and K which promote iron absorption. Prepare tea infusion of this plant. Take 250 ml thrice daily.

2. Cajanus Cajans (Pigeon peas in English; Dogo wake in Hausa; Otili in Yoruba; Fiofio in Igbo; Olele in Bini) Pigeon peas is used in the treatment of anaemia. It is a blood booster,purifier and excellent in the treatment of person with shortage of blood after long period of ailment. Boil the leaves of Pigeon peas in water. Drink 250 ml of the tea infusion thrice daily. Or: You may include Pigeon peas in your diet.

3. Fluted Pumpkin (Ugu in Igbo; Kabewa in Hausa; Apiroko in Yoruba; Origo in Idoma; Ikong-ubong in Efik) This plant leaf contains haematological properties that can be used to treat anaemia. Obtain sufficient quantity of fluted pumpkin fresh leaves. Blend them in water to extract it juice. Drink 250 ml thrice daily for anemia treatment.

Note! It is always recommended to consume the juice after preparation or refrigerate it and consume within 3 days.

4. Guinea Corn / Sorghum Caudatum (Karadafil in Hausa; Poroporo okababa in Yoruba) It stimulate the red blood cells production due to it histamine, iron, folic acid, chlorophyll and glucoguinine content. Prepare tea infusion of Guinea corn straw. Take 250 ml three times a day.

5. African Mahogany (Epo Oganwo in Yoruba; Madachi in Hausa; Ono in Igbo) Boil the bark of African Mahogany plant in water. Drink 150 ml of the tea decoction thrice daily for anemia treatment.

6. Beets/Beet Roots : It aids in red blood cells production. Include beets or beet roots in your soup, salad and juice.

7. Unripe Plantains (Agbo ochi in Idoma; Ogede agbagba dudu in Yoruba; Ayaba in Hausa; Oghede in Benin; Ojioko, Abereka, Ogbadejieoke in Igbo; Ode in Urhobo) when include in your meals daily. Unripe roasted Plantains can cure anaemia and neuritis.

8. Fenugreek Leaves (Ewedu in Yoruba; Hulba, Ayoyo in Hausa; idooma in Idoma) Boil fresh Fenugreek Leaves slightly and consume in form of soup. Or: Blend the fresh Fenugreek leaves in water and drink 250 ml within 10 minutes of preparation. Take twice daily for anemia treatment.

9. Avocado (Ube-beke, Ube oyinbo in Igbo; Eso pia in Yoruba; Piya in Hausa; Orumwu in Bini; Eban mbakara in Efik) this fruit is rich in iron and folic acid. Include Avocado in your diet.

10. Benni seeds / Sesame seeds (Ridi in Hausa; Igogo in Igala; Igorigo in Ebira; Ocha in Idoma; Ishawa in Tiv; Ekuku gogoro in Yoruba; Isasa in Igbo) Soak 1 tablespoon of Sesame seeds in water for 2 hours. Grind it to paste. Add 1 tablespoon of organic pure honey. Take it twice daily for anemia treatment.

11. Date Palm (Dabino in Hausa; Labidun in Yoruba; Dobino in Nupe; Dibino in Kanuri; ike keleka in Igala) Obtain 2 to 3 Date Palm remove their seeds. Eat the date palm and drink a cup of lukewarm milk upon it. Do it before bed time at night.

12. Figs (Opoto in Yoruba; Farin baure in Hausa) Eat 2 Figs daily.

13. Spinach (Gborongi in Igbo; Amunututu, Egungun ori iganna, Toromo iganna in Yoruba; Alayyahu in Hausa) It prevent anaemia due to the fact that it contains vitamin A and C, mineral iron and calcium. Blend the fresh leaves of Spinach. Drink 200 ml the juice within 10 minutes of preparation twice daily. Or: Boil it slightly and consume in form of soup for anemia treatment.

14. Chrysophyllum Albidum (Cherry, Africa Star Apple Star in English; Otien in Edo; Ibi in Idoma; Udara, Udala in Igbo; Agbalumon in Yoruba; Agbaluba in Hausa; Ehya in Igala; Eha in Ebira; Utieaga dava in Urhobo) It is rich in iron mineral that aid in the prevention and management of iron deficiency anaemia. Always consume the fruits. Make sure you eat the fruits skin after consuming the pulp because it is the most  medicinal part of the plant.

15. Harungana Madagascariens (Dragon blood tree in English; Adindin, Amuje in Yoruba; Eban anan in Anaang; Itue-egbo, itue in Edo; Oton in Efik; Uruarua in Esan; Aton in Ibibio; Otoru, Uturu Omasika otoru, Nyem nyemu in Igbo; Boy pulou, Abo in Izon; Ali-lli-bar raafi in Hausa) Prepare tea infusion of bark Dragon blood tree. Drink 200 ml three times a day for anemia treatment.



https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/conditions and Treatments/anemia


https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ anemia/symptoms-causes/syc-20351360

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