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Why Nigerians hates Muhammadu Buhari

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“You are therefore subject to the redeployment at anytime as the exigencies of our calling may dictate. All military Governors are answerable to the Chief of Supreme Headquarters, Major General Babatunde Abdulbaki Idiagbon. The channel of communication with me on all matters affecting the governance of the state or the federation is through the Chief of staff Supreme Headquarters who shall be responsible, inter alia for the co-ordination of States administration.” 

Maj. Gen.(late) Babatunde Idiagbon

The above statement was made by Major General Muhammadu Buhari who ruled as Nigeria Military Head of State from December 31, 1983 to August 27, 1985 when he swore in his new Ministers.

 

Now, these are important…

In this article, I’ll share with you how…

 

  • soldiers were used to enforce laws.
  • Umoru Dikko kidnap attempt failed.
  • manufacturers were affected, rise in consumer goods and steps to curb inflation.
  • military tribunals set up in different states to try corrupt politicians and  government officials.
  • Nigerians became dissatisfied with the military regime.
  • press freedom was curtailed and
  • the military regime of Muhammadu Buhari was brought to a halt.

 

Now let me walk you through each subhead…

 

 

How did soldiers enforce the laws?

On the right : Maj. Gen. Muhammadu Buhari

After Major General Muhammadu Buhari was ushered into power through military coup d’etat he sent soldiers to streets with whips to enforce traffic regulations and ensure commuters form oderly queues at bus stops. Civil servants who arrived late to offices were forced to perform frog squat. This were possible because soldiers and a special Paramilitary Corps were empowered to punish “every manifestation of indiscipline”.

 

Attempts by over-zealous soldiers in the first weeks after the coup to impose bargain prices in the shops made shortages of goods worse as traders hoarded then what they managed to hide. In fact black market champagne and French perfume dissapear as soldiers patrolled the borders for smuggling. However, it will interest you to know that, prices of essential goods and commodities that fell in the first week that Buhari took over power as a result of presence of soldiers in the market, later returned to or even exceeded their levels before the coup.

 

Want to know how Dikko kidnap attempt was uncovered?

 

Stay with me and you’ll read it yourself…

 

 

 

In one bizarre incident in London in 1984, a team of Nigerian and Isrealis attempted to kidnap and repatriated the exiled former Nigerian Minister of Transportation, Alhaji Umaru Dikko who fled Nigeria after the military coup. He was accused of stealing $1bn (625m pounds) of Nigerian government money. An Isreali Mossad agent, Alexander Barak who led the kidnap team. A Nigerian Intelligence Officer Major Mohammed Yusufu and Isreali citizen Felix Abitol and Dr. Lev-Arie Shapiro was contracted to inject Alhaji Umaru Dikko with an anesthetic.

 

Guess what happened next?

 

Late Umaru Dikko

Surprisingly, the plot was foiled by a young British Customs Officer, Charles David Marrow at the Stansted Airport Cargo Terminal. This kidnap incident caused one of the ever diplomatic crisis between Nigeria and Britain. The Nigerian High Commissioner, Major General Haldu Hananiya was declared persona non grata in London. The head of the Nigeria Airways escaped being arrested by British Police. Diplomatic relations between Nigeria and Britain was suspended for two years.

 

 

Read also: How Military Rule Nigeria

 

 

This controversy also weakened Nigeria’s war on corruption, as Britain rejected a subsequent formal request to extradite Umaru Dikko and other Nigeria politicians in the United Kingdom’s (UK) who were wanted in Nigeria on corruption charges. Four men were convicted of kidnapping Dikko (three Israelis and a Nigerian) in a trial at the Old Bailey and were all sentenced to prison terms ranging from 10 to 14 years. They were all released and returned to their countries after serving their sentences.

 

How did Nigerians and manufacturers groaned?

Nigeria’s manufacturers felt the pinch most. Nigeria buys about 75 % of it industries raw materials abroad. Over 100 businesses stopped production in 1983 because they could not get foreign exchange for imports. In the previous years, imports and raw materials accounted for 40% of all imports and raw materials only 25%. Under the military government rule 58% of raw materials, industrial spare parts; 12% food; 18% consumer goods and 12% for invisibles such as foreign travels and management fee remittances.

 

 

 

Again, Nigeria unemployment was more than 40% in 1982 which continued to rise as many of the imported raw materials and spare parts needed to keep factories running were not available. The government promised to keep prices of essential commodities down by cutting out middlemen who use to take a cut on each of five or six transactions between ship and shop. This statement sounded optimistic, but the true level of Nigeria’s imports has long been inflated by invoicing and false pricing. Throwing out the crooks at home and buying more competitively abroad should reduce the fall in the volume of imports, according to officials.

 

 

I know that’s a lot to take in, but bear with me…

 

 

 

How were the military tribunals constituted?

 

Major General Muhammadu Buhari regime constituted military tribunals to try public officials from Shagari’s administration who were accused of stealing public funds. These tribunals are highly controversial. They were chaired by military officers and had the power to impose masive prison sentences. They were constituted as follows:

 

Lagos Zone

1. Brig. Paul Omu (Chairman)

2. Brig. Malami Nassarawa

3. Navy Capt. Godwin Nduibisi Kanu

4. Lt. Col. Adeyinka Martin’s

5. Justice Timothy Oyeyipo

 

Kaduna Zone

Comprises of Kaduna, Kano, Sokoto states and the F. C. T, Abuja.

1. Navy Capt. (Late) Mufutau Babatunde Elegbede (Chairman)

2. Lt. Col. Ibrahim Gumel

3. Lt. Col. Mohammed Maina

4. Wg. Cmdr. John Abakpolor

5. Justice Paul Nwokedi

 

 

Read also: Obesity Herbal Treatments

 

 

Ibadan Zone

Consist of Bendel (later divided into Edo and Delta), Kwara, Oyo, Ogun and Info States.

1. Brig. Charles Ndiomu (Chairman)

2. Lt. Col. Yohanna Madaki

3. Wg. Cmdr. Camila Ohadumere

4. Justice Saleh Minjibir

 

Jos Zone

It is made up of Bauchi, Benue, Borno, Gongola (now divided into Taraba and Adamawa), and Plateau States.

1. Brig. Peter Adomokhahi (Chairman)

2. Navy Capt. Jubril Ayinla

3. Lt. Col. Isaac Adebunmi

4. Wg. Cmdr. Sunday Cole

5. Justice Joseph Ogundare

 

Enugu Zone

made up of Anambra, Cross River, Rivers, and Imo State.

1. Air Comm. (Late) Mukhtar Mohammed (Chairman)

2. Lt. Col. (Late) Samuel Leo Victor Malu

3. Wing Cmdr. S. B. Suare

4. Navy Capt. Thompson Odiso

5. Justice Alhassan Idoko

 

 

The problems are…

The only right to appeal from the the tribunals was to Supreme Military Council (SMC) which was also exclusively made up of military officers (and the Inspector General of Police). The military effectively acted as prosecutors, judge and juries. Unsurprisingly, the Nigeria Bar Association (NBA) barred it members lawyers from taking part in the tribunals. Anyway, the trails took place to convict and jailed prominent politicians and officials.

 

1. Former Rivers State Governor (late) Melford Obiene Okilo was jailed 21 years for illegally holding bank accounts overseas in breach of laws that related to Nigerian government public officers.

2. Minister of Finance, Victor Mazi was convicted of corruptly collecting amount near the figure of $ 5.45 million from a construction company.

3. Former Kano State Governor, Alhaji Abubakar Rimi and his successor, Sabo Bakin Zuwo  were both jailed for 21 years for illegally accepting bribes to facilitate a property deal. Boxes full of cash were found after the raid of Bakin Zuwo home.

4. Among other prominent politicians convicted by the tribunals were Anthony Enahoro, late Aper Aku,  Jim Ifeanyi chukwu Nwobodo, late Ambrose Folorunsho Alli , late Olusola Saraki ,  Awwal Ibrahim (who is presently Emir of Suleja), Alhaji Abubakar Barde.

 

 

Read also: Lessons from Pasts Military Coups in Nigeria Part One

 

 

But that’s not all…

 

 

Given that most of the convicted were already 50 years old, they were likely to die in prison. If they served the rest of their sentences. The tribunals effectively put Nigeria’s political elites in jail. However, the controversy surrounding the tribunals composition created justification. Later when General  Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida overthrew Major General Muhammadu Buhari to release the jailed politicians without the public asking whether irrespective of the nature of the tribunals, the defendants were guilty of the Offences they were convicted of.

 

 

How was press freedom and others curtailed?

According to critics political activities and even debate were banned and students organisations were outlawed. Nigeria traditionally independent judiciary saw it role severely reduced. The indiscipline campaign was extended to the press, whose freedom was curtailed by Decree 4, making it an offence for journalists to publish anything “which brings or is calculated to bring the military regime to ridicule”. ‘Nigeria Secret Police’ (National Security Organization) presently known as the State Security Service (SSS) or Department of State Service (DSS) grew extremely powerful under Buhari powerful deputy – Major General Babatunde Abdulbaki Idiagbon.

 

As we have seen, Nigerians later became tired of Major General Muhammadu Buhari led military regime high handedness and palpable relief came on August, 1985. After 20 months in power on Id-el-kabir August 26/27, 1985. According to a western diplomat Buhari could have accomplished so much, if he had quickly moved and boldly in his early days when his popularity was still so high and he could blamed everything on Shagari.

 

 

References

https://apnews.com/6e85b6578345aObde65c42edefce24b1

https://www.nytimes.com/1984/07/08/world/nigeria-standoff-with-britain-eds.html

Max Siollun: Buhari Idiagbon; A Missed Opportunity for Nigeria

 

 

 

We dligently research and continuesly update our information. Please let us know, if you find any error(s).

 

 

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Politics

List of Nigeria National Assembly Principal Officers from 4th National Assembly till date

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The election of the National Assembly Principal Officers is done by senators-elect for Senators and Honourable-elect for the House of Representatives. I call them elect because it’s when they’re sworn in by their House Leader it is then, elect will be dropped from their title. The Clerk of the National Assembly  is the main actor when it comes to the election National Assembly Principal Officers. Again, when it comes to the election of the House Principal Officers, Standing Order must be followed. Why is that?  Because it is the rules that states clearly how election should be conducted.

 

 

 

 

I know what YOU’RE thinking:

 

What do I gain from reading this article?

 

I’m here to tell YOU these are what you will you gain; You’ll know:

  • Principal Officers of the National Assembly.
  • Functions of the Principal Officers.
  • The numbers of senators(s) and Honourables allocated to each state of federation, including Federal Capital Territory (FCT), Abuja.
  • List of Nigeria National Assembly Principal Officers from present 9th, 8th, 7th, 6th, 5th and the 4th National Assembly.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ready to get started?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PRINCIPAL OFFICERS of THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY

Principal Officers of the National Assembly are elected by the House members to speak and act on their behalf. Nigeria operates bicameral legislature. The House of Senate (also known as Red Chamber that is made up of 109 Senators. It is presided over by Senate President. The House of Representatives is which is sometime refers to as the Green Chamber is headed by the Speaker. This chamber consist of 360 Honourables members. The number of Honourables members from each state varies.

 

 

 

 

 

FUNCTIONS of THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY PRINCIPAL OFFICERS

Below are the functions of the Nigeria National Assembly Principal Officers:

The Senate

(1) The Senate President: is the principal head of Senate, elected by the senators. He or she chaired the combine legislators session. He or she:

  • Preserve order in the chamber.
  • State parliamentary motions.
  • Rule on parliamentary questions, appoint committee chairman or Chairperson.
  • Refer bill to house committee and sign legislations writs and warrants.

(2) The Deputy Senate President: is elected by senators. He or she acts in the Senate President absence.

(3) Majority Leader: performs functions that relate to the floor duties. He or she:

  • Is the lead speaker for the majority party in the house debate.
  • Develops calendar of the House.
  • Give recommendations for committee appointment.
  • Assist the Senate President with program, development, formulation of policy and decision.

(4) Deputy Majority Leader: he or she assist the majority leader and acts in his or her absence.

(5) Minority Leader: is the main leader of the minority party in the House. He or she:

  • Leads debate for the minority.
  • Develops the minority position.
  • Negotiate with the majority party and
  • Direct activities of minority party on the floor the house.

(6) Deputy Minority Leader: he or she assist the minority leader and operates in his or her absence.

(7) Chief Whip: makes sure that members vote according to the wishes of the party. Also, he or she assist the majority leader, ensure members are in attendance and count votes.

(8) Deputy Whip: he or she assist the Chief Whip when not around.

(9) Minority Whip: make sure that members vote in line with the party wishes. He or she assist the minority leader, make sure members are in attendance and count votes.

(10) Deputy Minority Whip: assist the minority whip in his or her absence.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

And if that’s not enough…

 

NUMBERS of SEATS ALLOCATED to EACH STATE in NIGERIA INCLUDING FCT

The House of Senate

Each state in is represented by 3 Senators while only the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), Abuja is represented by only 1 Senator.

The House of Representatives

These are seats allocated to each state including the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) Abuja: FCT (2); Nassarawa and Bayelsa State (5); Yobe, Taraba, Kwara, Gombe and Ekiti State (6); Zamfara state (7); Plateau, Kebbi, Enugu, Cross River, Adamawa, and Abia State (8); Osun, Ondo, Ogun, Kogi and Edo State (9); Niger, Imo, Deltal, Borno, Akwa Ibom State (10); Sokoto, Jigawa, Borno, Benue, and Adamawa State (11); Bauchi State (12); Rivers State (13); Oyo State (14); Katsina State (15); Kaduna State (16); Lagos and Kano State (24).

 

 

THE HOUSE of REPRESENTATIVES

(1) The Speaker of House of Representatives: He or she is the Principal head of the House of Representatives elected by members of the house. He or she chaired the combine legislators session in the absence of the Senate President.

(2) Deputy Speaker of House of Representatives.

(3) Majority Leader.

(4) Deputy Majority Leader.

(5) Minority Leader.

(6) Deputy Minority Leader.

(7) Chief Whip.

(8) Deputy Whip.

(9) Minority Whip and

(10) Deputy Minority Whip.

All the principal officers of the House of   of Representatives mentioned above carryout functions similar to that of the House of Senate.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stick with me here, because…

 

 

 

 

THE 9th NATIONAL ASSEMBLY

The Principal Officers of the 9th National Assembly was inaugurated on 11th June, 2019 and will run it course till 11 June, 2023.

House of Senate

The Senate President:

Ahmed Ibrahim Lawan, APC.

The Deputy Senate President:

Obarisi Ovie Omo-Agege, APC.

Majority Leader:

Abdullahi Abubakar Yahaya, APC.

Deputy Majority Leader:

Ajayi Boroface, APC.

Chief Whip:

Orji Uzor Kalu, APC.

Deputy Chief Whip:

Abdullahi Aliyu Sabi, APC.

Minority Leader:

Eyinnaya Abaribe, PDP.

Deputy Minority Leader:

Emmanuel Bwacha, PDP.

Minority Whip:

Philip Tanimu Aduda, PDP.

Deputy Minority Whip:

Sahabi Ya’u, PDP.

 

House of Representatives

The Speaker House of Representatives:

Rt. Hon. Femi Gbajabiamila, APC.

Deputy Speaker:

Rt. Hon. Ahmed Idris Wase, APC.

Majority Leader:

Hon. Alhassan Ado-Doguwa, APC.

Deputy Majority Leader:

Hon. Peter Akpatason, APC.

Chief Whip:

Hon. Mohammed Monguno, APC.

Deputy Whip:

Nkeiruka Onyejeocha, APC.

Minority Leader:

Hon. Ndudi Elumelu, PDP.

Deputy Minority Leader:

Hon. Toby Okechukwu, PDP.

Minority Whip:

Hon. Gideon Gwani, PDP.

Deputy Minority Whip:

Hon. Adesegun Adekoya, PDP.

 

 

 

 

 

THE 8th NATIONAL ASSEMBLY

The 8th National Assembly was inaugurated on June 6, 2015 and was dissolved on June 6, 2019.

 

House of Senate

The Senate President:

Bukola Saraki, APC.

The Deputy Senate President:

Ike Ekweremadu, PDP.

Majority Leader:

Ahmed Ibrahim Lawan, APC.

Deputy Majority Leader:

Bala Ibn Na’allah

Chief Whip:

Olusola Adeyeye

Deputy Chief Whip:

Alimikhena Asekhame Francis.

Minority Leader:

Godswill Obot Akpabio **

Deputy Minority Leader:

Emmanuel Bwacha

Minority Whip:

Philip Tanimu Aduda.

Deputy Minority Whip:

*Biodun Christine Olujimi

 

House of Representatives

The Speaker:

Rt. Hon. Yakubu Dogara.

The Deputy Speaker:

Rt. Hon. Yussuf Lassun.

Majority Leader:

Hon. Femi Hakeem Gbajabiamila.

Deputy Majority Leader:

Hon. Buba Jubril.

Chief Whip:

Hon. Ado Garuba Alhassan.

Deputy Chief Whip:

Hon. Pally Iriase.

Minority Leader:

Hon. Ogor Okuweh Leo.

Deputy Minority Leader:

Hon. Chukwuemeka Onyeama.

Minority Chief Whip:

Hon. Umar Barde Yakubu.

Deputy Minority Whip:

Hon. Binta Bello

 

** On August 4, 2018, Senator Godswill Obot Akpabio, PDP, formally resigned from his position as the Senate Minority Leader and decamped to APC. He was replaced by *Senator (Mrs.) Abiodun Christine Olujimi

Read :  List of State House of Assembly Members from 2019 to 2023

 

 

 

 

 

 

THE 7th NATIONAL ASSEMBLY

The 7th National Assembly was inaugurated on June 6, 2011 and was dissolved on June 6, 2015.

House of Senate

The Senate President:

David Alenchenu Mark, PDP.

The Deputy Senate President:

Ike Ekweremadu, PDP

Majority Leader:

Victor Ndoma Egba, PDP.

Deputy Majority Leader:

Ahmed Abdul Ningi, PDP.

Chief Whip:

Bello Hayatu Gwarzo, PDP.

Deputy Whip:

Amelio Bello Oladele, PDP.

Minority Leader:

George Akume, APC.

Deputy Minority Leader:

Ahmad Rufa’i Sanni, APC.

Minority Whip:

Ganiyu Olarewaju Solomon, APC.

Deputy Minority Whip:

Abu Ibrahim, APC.

 

House of Representatives

The Speaker:

Rt. Hon. Aminu Waziri Tambuwal, PDP / APC.

Deputy Speaker:

Rt. Hon. Emeka Ihedioha, PDP.

Majority Leader:

Hon. (Mrs.) Mulikat Adeola Akande, PDP.

Deputy Majority Leader:

Hon. Leonard Okuweh Ogor, PDP.

Chief Whip:

Hon. Isiaka Mohammed Bawa, PDP.

Deputy Whip:

Hon. Ahmed Mukhtar Mohammed, PDP.

Minority Leader:

Hon. Femi Hakeem Gbajabiamila, APC.

Deputy Minority Leader:

Hon. Kawu Sumaila, APC.

Minority Whip:

Hon. Samson Raphael Osagie, APC.

Deputy Minority Whip:

Hon. Garba Datti Muhammed, APC.

 

Read : Hotel Safety Tips for Travellers

 

 

 

 

 

THE 6th NATIONAL ASSEMBLY PRINCIPAL OFFICERS

The 6th National Assembly was inaugurated on June 5, 2007 and was dissolved on June 6, 2011.

House of Senate

Senate President:

David Alechenu Mark, PDP.

Deputy Senate President:

Ike Ekweremadu, PDP.

Majority Leader:

Teslim Folarin

Deputy Majority Leader:

Victor Ndoma Egba, PDP.

Chief Whip:

Kanti Bello

Deputy Whip:

Muhammed Manna.

Minority Leader:

Maina Ma’aji.

Deputy Minority Leader:

Olorunimbe Mamora.

Minority Whip:

Ahmed Sanni.

Deputy Minority Whip:

Kabiru Ibrahim Gaya

 

House of Representatives

The Speaker:

**Rt. Hon. Olubunmi Patricia Foluke Etteh, PDP.

RT. HON. DIMEJI AYO BANKILE

Deputy Speaker:

**Rt. Hon. Babangida Saidu Nguroje.

RT. HON. USMAN BAYERO NAFADA.

Majority Leader:

Hon. Tunde Akogun.

Deputy Majority Leader:

Hon. Baba Shehu Agaie.

Chief Whip:

Hon. Bethel Amadi

Deputy Chief Whip:

Hon. Aminu Waziri Tambuwal

Minority Leader:

Hon. Ali Muhammed Ndume, ANPP.

Deputy Minority Leader:

Femi Hakeem Gbajabiamila, APC.

Minority Whip:

Deputy Minority Whip:

Sulaiman Kawu

 

 

** On 30th October, 2007 Olubunmi Patricia Etteh resigned from her position after corruption charges was levelled against and serious pressure. Though her Deputy Babangida Nguroje hurriedly resigned from his position before his removal.

 

Hon. TERGU TSEGBA emerged Speaker Protempore (Interim Speaker) in an election conducted by the Acting Clerk. The Speaker Pro – tempore organized the election that ushered in  HON. DIMEJI AYO BANKOLE as the Speaker House of Representatives and USMAN BAYERO NAFADA as the Deputy Speaker both of them were members of People Democratic Party (PDP). Bankole was elected as the Speaker House of Representatives on November 1st, 2007. He held the position till June 6, 2011.

 

 

 

 

 

THE 5th NATIONAL ASSEMBLY PRINCIPAL OFFICERS

The 4th National Assembly was inaugurated on June 3, 2003 and was dissolved on June 5, 2007.

House of Senate

Senate President:

** Senator Adolphus Wabara, PDP.

* Senator Ken Ugwu Nnamani,  PDP.

Deputy Senate President:

Senator Ibrahim Mantu, PDP.

Majority Chief Whip:

Senator Victor Kashim Oyofo, PDP.

He was replaced by:

Senator Udoma Udo Udoma on 2004 – 2007.

 

House of Representatives

The Speaker:

Rt. Hon. Aminu Bello Masari, PDP.

Deputy Speaker:

Rt. Hon. Austin Adiele Opara, PDP.

 

 

 

Notes!

** On April 2005, Adolphus Wabara resigned from his position as the Senate President because he and others collected $400,000 bribe from the Minister of Education Professor Fabian Osuji in order to inflate his ministry budget. Though the court dropped the charges levelled against him. On 5th April, 2005 Senator Ken Ugwu Nnamani succeeded Adolphus Wabara as the Senate President.

Read : Hypertension (High Blood Pressure) Natural Treatments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

THE 4th NATIONAL ASSEMBLY PRINCIPAL OFFICERS

The 4th National Assembly was inaugurated on May 29, 1999 at the commencement of the Nigerian 4th Republic and was dissolved on June 3, 2003.

 

House of Senate

Senate President:

** Senator Evan Enwerem, PDP.

** Senator Chuba Okadigbo, PDP.

** Senator Pius Anyim Pius, PDP.

Deputy Senate President:

Ibrahim Mantu, PDP.

 

House of Representatives

The Speaker:

** Hon. Salisu Buhari, PDP.

Rt. Hon. Ghali Na’Abba, PDP.

Deputy Speaker:

Rt. Hon. Chibudom Nwuche, PDP.

 

Notes!

*Senator Evan Enwerem was removed from office on November 18, 1999 on allegation that he falsified his name. What caused the controversy was, is the actual real name of Enwerem was Evan or Evans? His removal was spearheaded by Late Senator Chuba Okadigbo who later succeeded him as the Senate President.

* Senator Chuba Okadigbo was falsly charged of corruption and was removed on August 8, 2008. He was succeeded by Senator Pius Ayim Pius.

** Honourable Salisu Buhari resigned because he forged his certificate. He was succeeded by Ghali Na’abba. Salisu Buhari resigned his membership of the House of Representatives after he admitted publicly on July 23, 1999.

 

 

 

 

 

References

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/330324759_DETAILED_THE_PRINCIPAL_OFFICERS_OF_THE_LEGISLATURE_USING_NATIONAL_AS_AN_EXAMPLE_1

 

 

We diligently research and continuesly update our information. Please let us know if you find any error(s).

 

Thank YOU for reading!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Politics

Super Permanent Secretaries in Nigeria

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From January 15,1966 to June 3, 1967, Nigeria had no ministers (or Federal Commissioners as it was called from the regime of General Yakubu Gowon to General Murtala Muhammed). Both Major General Johnson Thomas Ummunakwe Aguiyi-Ironsi and General Yakubu Gowon made Permanent Secretaries, members of their Federal Executive Council. These people were later known as ‘super Permanent Secretaries’.

 

I’ ll start by mentioning the list of Super Permanent Secretaries from the regime of Aguiyi-Ironsi and followed by Gowon.

 

Now, let’s take a look…

 

 

 

Major General J. T. U. Aguiyi-Ironsi

 

Throughout his regime he did not appoint Ministers or Federal Commissioners. He made use of Permanent Secretaries that served as his cabinet and Federal Executive Council. They are:

1.

Mr. G. E. Ige

Agriculture and Natural Resources

 

2.

C. O. Lawson

Communications

 

3.

Alhaji Musa Daggash

Defence

 

4.

Allison Akene Ayida

Economic Development

 

5.

S . S. Waniko

Education

 

6.

T. Eneli

Establishments

 

7.

Edwin O. Ogbu

External Affairs

 

8.

Chief Francis Nwokedi

Special Duties

 

9.

Chief Gabriel Onyiuke

Attorney General of the Federation

 

10.

Prince Adeleke Adedoyin

Labour and Productivity

 

11.

Lt. Col. Patrick Anwunah

Chairman, National Orientation Committee.

 

12.

Pius Okigbo

Economic Adviser

 

13.

Mr. M. A. Ejueyitchie

Mines and Power

 

14.

Alhaji A. Mora

Internal Affairs

 

15.

Grey Eromosele Longe

Information

 

16.

A. I. Obiyan

Chairman, Nigeria Ports Authority

 

17.

A. E. Howson-Wright

Chairman, Nigeria Railway Corporation

 

18.

S. O. Williams

Works and Housing

 

19.

H . O. Omenai

Transport

 

20.

Alhaji Sule Kolo

Trade

 

21.

Abdul’aziz Atta

Finance

 

22.

Philip Asiodu

Industries

 

23.

Alhaji Sule Katagum

Chairman, Federal Public Service Commission-Civil Service

 

 

 

 

 

Don’t stop reading now….

 

Yakubu Gowon

Lt. Col. (Later General) Yakubu Gowon, from August 1, 1966 to June 3, 1967, Gowon relied majorly on the judges and permanent secretaries. Interestingly, they were the ones that paved the way for his coming to power through the meeting held at on July 29, 1966 at the Ikeja Cantonment. During the Gowon regime Permanent Secretaries were given the chance to take part in the Supreme Military Council meeting as observers and not as members.

 

1.

Ademola Adetokunbo

Chief Justice of the Federation

 

2.

Alhaji Sule Katagum

Head of Civil Service Commission

 

3.

Ibrahim Damchida

Finance

 

4.

Mr. Philip Asiodu

Petroleum and Energy

 

5.

Alhaji Ahmed Joda

 

6.

Mr T. Eneli

 

7.

S. O. Wey

Later appointed Secretary to the Government of the Federation

 

8.

Biliaminu Oladiran Kassim

Solicitor General

 

9.

Mr. S. O. Williams

 

10.

Prince Festus Adesanoye

 

11.

Alhaji Musa Daggash

 

12.

Abdul’aziz Atta

 

13.

Ime Ebong

Later Permanent Secretaries, Ministry of National Planning.

 

14.

Mr. B. N.Okagbue

 

15.

Allison Akene Ayida

 

16.

Justice Buba Ardo

Later Supreme Court Judge

 

 

 

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Politics

Comprehensive List of Nigeria Civilian State Governors and Their Deputies Till Date – Part Two

Published

on

 

 

 

Now, let’s continue from where stop on Part One.

GOMBE STATE

(1) 29 May, 199929 May, 2003

Abubakar Habu Hashidu  – ANPP / APP

• Joshua Lidani

(2) 29 May, 200329 May, 2011

Muhammed Danjuma GojePDP

• Dr. John Lazarus Yoriyo

(3) 29 May, 201129 May, 2019

Ibrahim Hassan Dankwanbo  – PDP

• Mr. David Miyims Albashi

Died in car accident on 4th November, 2011.

• Mr. Tha’anda Jason Rubainu

• Mr. Charles Iliya

He was appointed after re-election.

(4) 29 May, 2019 till date

Muhammed Inuwa Yahaya

• Manasseh Daniel Jatau

Read Also : White Tongue Natural Treatments

IMO STATE

(1) 1st Oct., 197931 Dec., 1983

Samuel Onunaka Mbakwe   –  NPP

** •  Ben Amahala

He could not be sworn in as the State Deputy because he failed to resigned from his employment at Alvan Ikoku College of Education Owerri prior contesting for election. He was removed by Tribunal.

Chief Collins Obih

(2) 2 Jan., 199217 Nov., 1993

Evan Enwerem    – NRC

• Dr. Douglas Acholonu

(3) 29 May, 199929 May, 2007

Chief Achike Udenwa  – PDP

Engr. Ebere Udeagu

(4) 29 May, 200729 May, 2011

Ikedi Ohakim  – PDP

• Ada Okwuonu

• Prof. (Mrs.) Viola Aduk Onwuliri

(5) 29 May, 201129 May, 2019

Rochas Okorocha   – APGA / APC

• Jude Agbaso

He was impeached by the State House of Assembly.

• Prince Ezeakonobi Madumere

(6) 29 May, 201915 Jan., 2020

Chukwuemeka Ihedioha  – PDP

• Engr. Gerald Iroha

(7) 15 Jan., 2020 till date

Hope Uzodinma  APC

• Prof. Placid Njoku

JIGAWA STATE

(1)  Jan. 2, 1992Nov. 17, 1993

Ali  Sa’ad  Birin-Kudu   SDP

• Alhaji Shehu Kwafalo

(2) May 29, 1999May 29, 2007

Ibrahim Saminu Turaki   APP/ ANPP

• Alhaji Ibrahim Shehu Kwattalo

He resigned over irreconcilable differences on January, 2002.

• Senator Mohammed Ubali  Shitu

• Alhaji Ibrahim Hassan Hadejia

He was appointed on January, 2003.

(3) May 29, 2007May 29, 2015

Alhaji Sule Lamido    – PDP

• Alhaji Ahmed Mahmud

(4) May 29, 2015 till date

Mohammed Badaru Abubakar – APC

• Alhaji Umar Namadi

KADUNA STATE

(1) 1 Oct., 197923 June, 1981

 Abdulkadir Balarabe Musa  -PRP

• Abba Musa Rimi

(2) Abba Musa Rimi  – PRP

He became the Acting State Governor after the impeachment on Balarabe Musa on June 23rd, 1981.

(3) 1 Oct., 198331 Dec., 1983

Muhammed Lawal Kaita   – NPN

(4) 2 Jan., 199217 Nov., 1993

Muhammed Dabo Lere  – NRC

James Bawa Magaji

(5) May 29, 1999May 29, 2007

Ahmed Markarfi  – PDP

• Stephen Shekari

Died on July 10, 2005.

Patrick Ibrahim Yakowa

(6) 29 May, 200719 May, 2010

Muhammed Namadi Sambo  – PDP

• Ibrahim Patrick Yakowa

(7) 19 May, 201015 Dec., 2012

Patrick Ibrahim Yakowa   – PDP

He (Yakowa) became the State Governor when Namadi Sambo was appointed the Vice to President Goodluck Ebele Jonathan.

• Alhaji   Mukhtar Ramalan Yero

(8) 15 Dec., 2012May 28, 2015

Alhaji Mukhtar Ramalan Yero  – PDP

• He became the State Governor after the death of Patrick Ibrahim Yakowa together with General Andrew Owoye Azazi (rtd) who was the then National Security Adviser in helicopter crash.

• Ambassador Nuhu Bajoga

(9) 29 May, 2015 till date

Nasir Ahmed El-rufai

• Arc. Yusuf Barnabas Bala Bantex

• Dr. (Mrs.) Hadiza Sabawa Balarabe

Read Also: Malaria Herbal Treatments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

And I’m not stopping here…

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Read Also: JAUNDICE NATURAL TREATMENTS

KANO STATE

(1) 1 Oct., 1979May 1983

Muhammed Abubakar Rimi  – PRP

• Ibrahim B. B. Farouk ( 1979 – 1981)

• Abdul Dawakin Tofa (1981 – 1983)

(2) 20 May, 198331 Sept., 1983

Abdul Dawakin TofaPRP

• Wada Abubakar Kiyawa

(3) Aug. 1983Dec., 1983

Sabo Bakin Zuwo  – PRP

• Wada Abubakar Kiyawa

(4) Jan. 2, 1992Nov. 17, 1993

Kabiru I. Gaya   – NRC

• Alhaji Ahmed Usman

(5) May 29, 1999May 29, 2003

Rabiu Musa KwankwansoPDP

• Dr. Abdullahi Umar Ganduje

(6) May 29, 2003May 29, 2011

Ibrahim Shekarau  – ANPP / APP

• Engr. Magaji Abdullahi

• Abdullahi T. Gwarzo

(7) May 29, 2011May 29, 2015

Rabiu Musa Kwankwanso   – PDP

• Dr. Abdullahi Umar Ganduje

(8) May 29, 2015 till date

Dr. Abdullahi Umar Ganduje  – APC

• Prof. Hafiz Abubakar

• Dr. Nasiru Yusuf Gawuna

KATSINA STATE

(1) 2 Jan., 199217 Nov., 1993

Alhaji Saidu Barda   – NRC

• Alhaji Abdullahi Amidu

(2) May 29, 1999May 29, 2007

Alhaji Umar Musa Yar’Adua    – PDP

•Tukur Ahmed Jikamshi

(3) May 29, 2007May 29, 2015

Dr. Ibrahim Shehu Shema  – PDP

• Abdullahi Garuba Faskari, Esq.

(4) May 29, 2015 till date

Aminu Bello Masari  – APC

• Mannir Yakubu

KEBBI STATE

(1) 2 Jan., 199217 Nov., 1993

Abubakar Musa

• Alhaji Aliyu Muhammed

(2) May 29, 1999May 29, 2007

Adamu Aliero  APP/ ANPP / PDP

• Suleiman Muhammed Argungu

He later resigned because he did not want to decamp with the State Governor to PDP

• Alhaji Bello Dantani

(3) May 29, 2007May 29, 2015

Usman Saidu Nasamu Dakingari  -PDP

• Muhammed Ja’afaru

(4) May 29, 2015 till date

Atiku Abubakar Bagudu   – APC

• Col. Samail Yombe Dabai (rtd)

KWARA STATE

(1) 1 Oct., 197931 Sept., 1983

 Abdulaziz Adamu Attah   – NPN

• Chief Jimoh Shittu

(2) 1 Oct., 198331 Dec., 1983

Chief Cornelius O. Adebayo   – NPN

Alhaji Usman Abatemi

(3) 2 Jan., 199217 Nov., 1993

Mohammed Shabba Lafiaji   – SDP

• Prince Ojo Fadumila

(4) 29 May, 199929 May, 2003

Rear Admiral Muhammed Alabi Lawal (rtd.) ANPP / APP

• Deacon Simeon Sayomi

(5) 29 May, 200329 May, 2011

Dr. Bukola Saraki

• Chief Joel Ogundeji

(6) 29 May, 201129 May, 2019

Abdulfatah Ahmed   – PDP / APC

• Elder Peter Kishira

(7) 29 May, 2019 till date

Abdulrasaq Abdulrahman   – APC

• Kayode Stephen Alabi

KOGI STATE

(1) 2 Jan., 199217 Nov., 1993

Prince Abubakar Audu   – NRC

• Ola Akande

(2) May 29, 1999May 29, 2003

Prince Abubakar Audu  APP / ANPP

• Chief Patrick Adaba

(3) April 2003Jan., 2011

Ibrahim Ibrahim   PDP

• Chief Philip Salau

(4) 7 Feb., 200829 Mar., 2008

Rt. Hon. Clarence Olafemi – PDP

Acting Governor

(5) 26 Jan., 2012Jan. 2016

Capt. Idris Wada (rtd.)   – PDP

• Arc. Yomi Awoniyi

(6) 27 Jan., 2016 till date

Yahaya Adoza Bello  – APC

•Mr. Simeon Achuba

• Mr. Edward Onoja

Appointed on October 2019.

LAGOS STATE

(1) 1 Oct., 197931 Sept., 1983

 Lateef Kayode Jakande   – UPN

• Chief Rafiu Jafojo

(2) 2 Jan., 199217 Nov., 1993

Chief Micheal Otedola    – NRC

Chief (Mrs.) Sinatu Aderoju Ojikutu

(3) 29 May, 199929 May, 2007

Ahmed Bola Tinubu   – AD

• Mrs. Kofoworola Akerele – Bucknor

• Mr. Olufemi Pedro

(4) 29 May, 200729 May, 2015

Babatunde Raji Fashola   – APC

• Prince Abiodun Ogunleye

• Princess Sarah Adebisi Sosan

• Princess Adegoke Orelope-Adefulure

(5) 29 May, 201529 May, 2019

Akinwunmi Ambode    – APC

Dr. (Mrs.) Idiat Oluranti Adebowale

(6) 29 May 2019 till date

Babajide Sanwo Olu

• Dr. Kadri Obafemi Hamzat

Read Also: List of Military and Police Officers Retired by President Olusegun Obasanjo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

You don’t want to miss the next part…

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Read Also : Gonorrhea Herbal Treatments

NASSARAWA STATE

(1) 29 May, 199929 May, 2007

Abdullahi Adamu  – PDP

• Barrister Solomon Ewuga

• Mr. Labaran Maku

(2) 29 May, 200729 May, 2011

Alhaji Aliyu Akwe Doma  – PDP

• Mr. Mike Abdul

(3) 29 May, 201129 May, 2019

Umaru Tanko Almakura   – CPC

• Damishi Barau

• Mr. Silas Agara

(4) 29 May, 2019 till date

Engr. Abdullahi Sule   – APC

Mr. Emmanuel Agbadu Akabe

NIGER STATE

(1) 1 Oct., 197931 Dec., 1983

Alhaji Muhammed Awwal Ibrahim  – NPN

• Alhaji Idris Alhassan Kpaki

• Alhaji Mahmud Mundi Aliyu

(2) 2 Jan., 199217 Nov., 1993

Dr. Musa Inuwa  – NRC

Alhaji Jibo Garba

(3) 29 May, 199929 May, 2007

Engr. Abdulkadir Kure   -PDP

• Dr. Shem Nuhu Zagbayi

(4) 29 May, 200729 May, 2015

Mua’zu Aliyu Babangida  – PDP

• Ahmed Ibeto

(5) 29 May, 2015 till date

Abubakar Sanni Bello  – APC

• Ahmed Muhammed Ketso

OGUN STATE

(1) 1 Oct., 197931 Dec., 1983

Olabisi Onabanjo   -UPN

• Chief Sesan Soluade

(2) 2 Jan., 199217 Nov., 1993

Chief Olusegun Osoba   – SDP

• Alhaji Rafiu Ogunleye

(3) 29 May, 199929 May, 2003

Olusegun Osoba   – AD

• Chief Gbenga Kaka

(4) 29 May, 200329 May, 2011

Gbenga Daniel  -PDP

• Alhaja Salmot Badru

(5) 29 May, 201129 May, 2019

Ibikunle Amosun     ACN / APC

• Prince Segun Adesegun

• Mrs. Yetunde Onanuga

(6) 29 May, 2019 till date

Dapo Abiodun –  APC

• Mrs. Noimot Salako Oyedele

ONDO STATE

(1) 1st Oct., 197931st Dec., 1983

 Micheal Adekunle Ajasin   – NPN

• Akinwole Micheal Omoboriowo

(2) 2 Jan., 1992  – 17 Nov., 1993

Bamidele Ishola Olumilua  – SDP

• Dr. Olusegun Kokumo Agagu

(3) 29 May, 199929 May, 2003

Chief Adebayo Adefarati   – AD

• Afolabi Iyantan

(4) 29 May, 200324 Feb., 2009

Dr. Olusegun Kokumo Agagu  -PDP

• Otunba Omolade Oluwateru

(5) 24 Feb., 200924 Feb., 2017

Olusegun Mimiko   – LP

• Alhaji Alli Olanusi

He was impeached on 28 April, 2015 for decamping to APC.

• Alhaji Olugbenga  Lasisi Oluboyo

(6) 24 Feb., 2017 till date

Barrister Rotimi Odunayo AkeredoluAPC

• Hon. Alfred Agboola Ajayi

• Mr. Lucky Ayedatiwa

OYO STATE

(1) 1 Oct., 197931 Dec., 1983

 James Ajibola Ige (Bola Ige)NPN

• Chief Sunday Afolabi

(2) 1st Oct., 198331st Dec., 1983

Victor Omololu Olunloyo -NPN

• Olatunji Mohammed

(3) 2 Jan., 1992 – 17 Nov., 1993

Kolapo Olawuyi Ishola   – SDP

• Alhaji Ahmed Gbadamosi

(4) 29 May, 199929 May, 2003

Lamidi Adesina     – AD

• Barrister Iyiola Oladokun

(5) 29 May, 200329 May, 2007

Rasheed Adewolu Ladoja    – PDP

• Chief Christopher Alao-Akala

(6) 12 Jan., 2006 – 7 Dec., 2006

Chief Christopher Alao-Akala  – PDP

He became the defacto Governor when Rasheed Ladoja was impeached but he was later reinstated by the Appeal Court verdict on 6th Dec., 2006.

• Alhaji Azeez Gbolarumi

(7) 29 May, 200729 May, 2011

Chief Christopher Alao-Akala – PDP

• Alhaji Azeez Gbolarumi

(8) 29 May, 201129 May, 2019

Abiola Isiaka Ajimobi    – ACN/ APC

• Moses Alake-Adeyemo

(9) 29 May, 2019 till date

Oluseyi Abiodun Makinde    – PDP

• Mr. Aderemi Olaniyan

PLATEAU STATE

(1) 1 Oct. 197931 Dec., 1983

 Solomon Daushep Lar –  NPN

• Muhammed Danladi Yakubu

• Aliyu Akwe Doma

(2) 2 Jan., 199217 Nov., 1993

Mr. Fidelis Tapgun     – SDP

• Alhaji Bala Usman

(3) May 29, 199918 May, 2004

Joshua Chibi Dariye   – PDP

• Micheal Botmang

Joshua Dariye was impeached by the Plateau States House of Assembly on November 13, 2006.

(4) 13 Nov., 200627 April, 2007

Micheal Botmang

Acting Governor

On 27th November Dariye was reinstated as the Plateau State Governor by the Supreme Court verdict.

(5) 27 April, 200729 May, 2007

Joshua Chibi Dariye – PDP

• Michael Botmang

(6) 29 May, 200729 May, 2015

Jonah David Jang    – PDP

• Mrs. Pauline Kedem Tallen

• Hon. Ignatius Dating

(7) 29 May, 2015 till date

Simeon Bako lalong

Prof. Sonni Gwanle Tyoden

Read Also: OSTEOPOROSIS NATURAL TREATMENTS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I know that’s a lot take in, but bear with me…

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Read Also: ASTHMA NATURAL TREATMENTS

TARABA STATE

(Formerly known as Gongola State)

(1) Oct. 1, 19791983

Abubakar Barde    – GNPP

•Wilberforce Juta

(2) 1983Oct., 1983

Wilberforce Juta

He became the State Governor after the resignation of Abubakar Barde to contest under the platform of another political party.

(3) 1 Oct., 198331 Dec., 1983

 Bamanga Tukur   – NPN

• David Barau

(4) 2 Jan., 199217 Nov., 1993

Jolly Nyame    – SDP

• Alhaji S. D. Gani

(5) 29 May, 199929 May, 2007

Jolly Tavaro Nyame      -PDP

• Uba Maigari Ahmadu

(6) 29 May, 200726 Oct., 2012

Danbaba Suntai  –  PDP

He suffered brain injury due to helicopter crash.

• Sani Abubakar Danladi

His Deputy Governor was on September 2012.

• Garba Umar

(7) 26 Oct., 201221 Nov., 2014

Garba Umar    – PDP

He became the Acting State Governor.

(8) 21 Nov., 201429 May, 2015

Sani Abubakar Danladi –   PDP

His impeachment was overturned by the Supreme Court and he was reinstated as the State Acting State Governor.

(9) 29 May, 2015 till date

Dariu Dickson Ishaku

• Engr. Haruna Manu

RIVERS STATE

(1) 1 Oct., 197931 Dec., 1983

 Melford Obiene Okilo    – NPN

• Frank Adiele Eke

(2) 2 Jan., 199217 Nov., 1993

Rufus Ada George         – NRC

• Dr. Peter Otunuya Odili

(3) 29 May, 199929 May, 2007

Dr. Peter Otunuya Odili  –   PDP

• Gabriel Tamunobiere George Toby

(4) 29 May, 200726 Oct., 2007

Celestine Omeha     – PDP

• Telenyem  Renner  Ikuru

(5) 26 May, 200729 May, 2015

Chibuike Rotimi Amaechi    – PDP

• Telenyem Renner Ikuru

(6) 29 May, 2015 till date

Barrister Ezenwo Nyesom Wike  – PDP

Mrs. Ipalibo Gogo Banigo

SOKOTO STATE

(1) 1 Oct., 1973Nov., 1983

Muhammed Shehu Kangiwa   – NPN

• Garuba Nadama

(2) Nov., 198331 Dec., 1983

*  Garuba Nadama

**Garuba Nadama became the State Governor after Kangiwa death in a polo accident.

(3) 2 Jan., 199217 Nov., 1993

Yahaya Abdulkarim   – NRC

• Ahmed Gusau

(4) May 29, 1999May 29, 2007

Attahiru Dalhatu Bafarawa  APP/ ANPP

• Aliyu Wamako Magatakarda

He resigned from his position on 15th March, 2006.

• Garba Mohammed

(5) May 29, 2007May 29, 2015

Aliyu Magatakarda Wamako   PDP / APC

• Dr. Mukhtar Shagari

(6) May 29, 2015 till date

Aminu Waziri Tambuwal –   PDP

• Ahmed Aliyu

He resigned on November 13, 2018 to contest for Governor under APC.

• Manir Dan’iya

YOBE STATE

(1) 29 May, 199929 May, 2007

Bukar Abba Ibrahim   APP / ANPP

• Aliyu Sale Bagare

(2) 29 May, 200727 May, 2009

Mamman Bello Ali  (died)   ANPP

• Ibrahim Gaidam

(3) 27 Jan., 200929 May, 2019

Ibrahim Gaidam       APP / ANPP

• Abubakar Danlami Aliyu

(4) 29 May, 2019 till date

Mai Mala Buni  –   APC

• Idi Barde Gubana

OSUN STATE

(1) 2 Jan., 199217 Nov., 1993

Isiaka Adeleke     – SDP

• Clement Adesuyi Haastrup

(2) 29 May, 199929 May, 2003

Chief Bisi Akande  –  AD

Iyiola Omisore

He was was the first Deputy Governor to impeached in Nigeria.

• Hon. Adeleke Adewoyin

(3) 29 May, 200326 Nov., 2010

Olagunsoye Oyinlola    – PDP

Chief (Mrs.) Erelu Olusola Obada

(4) 26 Nov., 201026 Nov., 2019

Ogbeni Rauf Aregbesola    ACN / APC

• Mr. Titilayo Laoye Tomori

(5) 26 Nov., 2019 till date

Adegboyega Isiaka Oyetola   –  APC

• Benedict Alabi

ZAMFARA STATE

(1) May 29, 1999May 29, 2007

Ahmed Sanni Yarima  – APP / ANPP / PDP

He later decamped to PDP after his re-election.

• Mahmud Aliyu Shinkafi

(2) May 29, 200729May, 2011

Mahmud Aliyu Shinkafi    – APP / ANPP

Mukhtar Ahmad Anka

(3) May 29, 2011May 29, 2019

Abdul’aziz Abubakar Yari     – APC

• Mallam Ibrahim Wakkala

(4) 29 May, 2019 till date

Bello Matawallen Maradun    – PDP

• Mahdi Aliyu Mohammed Gusau

Read Also: SEIZURES NATURAL TREATMENTS

 

 

 

 

 

 

SOURCES

Theodore A. Orji (2013) The Role of Governors in Nigeria Federal Democracy: Meeting the Challenges.

Abdulyasser Abdul Hamid (2018) What are State Governors for?

 

 

 

 

 

 

We diligently research and continuesly update our information. Please let us know if you find any error(s).

 

Thank YOU for reading!

 

 

 

 

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