Second Republic Principal Officers are those elected by the Nigeria law makers in the National Assembly. Second Republic Principal Officers speak and act on behalf of the law makers. Second Republic law makers operated from 1979 to 1983. In an election conducted by the then Clerk of the National Assembly,
Alhaji Gidado Idris, GCON on October 9, 1979. The following persons emerged as the principal officers of the Senate.
THE HOUSE of SENATE
Dr. Joseph Wayas
Deputy Senate President
John Wash Pam
Dr. Abubakar O. Saraki – NPN
Ilorin / Asa
Leaders of other parties are:
Senator Jonathan Olawale
Senator Jaja Anucha
Senator Idris Kadi
Senator Ibrahim Barau
HOUSE of REPRESENTATIVES
Speaker of the House of Representatives
Chief Edwin Ume Ezeoke
Alhaji Idris Ibrahim
Alhaji Yinusa Kaltungo
Prince J.S. Sangha
Mr. Tom U. B. Egbuwoku
Mr. D. D. Dafuan
Dr. Junaid S. Muhammed
Dr. Gordon J. Idang
Second Republic Principal Officers; Facts You Must Know
After the Senate election in 1979, the ruling party , National Party of Nigeria (NPN), zoned the post of Nigeria Senate Leader to Senator Joseph Sarwuan Tarka representing Benue East Central Senatorial District. This was done to satisfy the yearnings of the people of the Middle Belt of Nigeria. Senator Joseph Sarwuan Tarka an old parliamentarian schooled in the First Republic, opted out of the job. He did this because he could not understand the difference between the Senate President and the Senate and NPN Senate Leader, that was newly introduced in Nigeria as at then. Tarka thought that the position would create a clash. The post was not known as Senate Leader. It was NPN Senate Leader, the meaning the leader of all NPN senators. Late Dr. Abubakar Olusola Saraki became the natural choice after Senator Tarkea opted out.
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In an election supervised by the then Clerk of the Alhaji Gidado Idris GCON, on October 9, 1979, Dr. Abubakar Olusola Saraki the father of the Nigeria 8th Senate, President of the Senate as the NPN Senate Leader moved the motion for his election. Dr. Joseph Wayas as the Senate President and John Wash Pam as the Deputy Senate President. Dr. Joseph Wayas defeated Senator F. O. M. Atake, then member of Unity Party of Nigeria (UPN) , by 53 to 42 votes while Senator Bakin Zuwo of the People’s Redemption Party (PRP), by 51 to 43 votes.
Furthermore, in moving the moving, Dr. Abubakar Olusola Saraki representing Asa / Ilorin Senatorial District then said: “ Today , in this Senate we are making history. We are all elected here for a purpose. The foremost is that we are here to ameliorate the poor conditions of our people. We all Nigerians and 95 of us were elected to come to this Senate to make laws that will govern 80 millions Nigerians . We are blessed with vast land, we are surrounded by Rivers, streams, lakes and yet millions of our people have no water to drink. Again, we also import some foodstuffs.
Today, we are here in this Senate to make the conditions of our people better. In the process of doing this, we have to follow the constitution that says we should have a President of the Senate from among us“.
It was Senator Joseph Sarwuan Tarka, in the spirit of nationalism who persuaded his colleagues that the Senate represents the country and not just any political party, that the toga NPN Senate Leader was dropped from Dr. Saraki’s title to that of the Senate Leader from that day till the Army sacked the National Assembly.
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Second Republic Principal Officers what you must know also are:
- No member of the then National Assembly earned more than #3,000 per month.
- They have no financial autonomy.
- No constituency project to be executed by them and
- Except the President of the Senate, Speaker of The House of Representatives and their Deputies none of them had official cars.
Unlike now, they did not blackmail or force ministers to award contract to them neither did they try to run Federal Ministries and Agencies.
Second Republic Principal Officers and all their member were sent home after the overthrow of the government of Alhaji Shehu Shagari on December 31, 1983 in an announcement made by Brigadier General Sani Abacha in a coup led by Major General Muhammadu Buhari.
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